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Reform and development of national health care and vocational education in Finland

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... the thousand lakes. Vast archipelago. Verdant forests. Discover Turku ... Vast archipelago outside of city. Basic principles of health care system. in Finland ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Reform and development of national health care and vocational education in Finland


1
Reform and development of national health care
and vocational education in Finland 18.10.2008 Ti
anjin Medical College Kaija Lind Director of
Education, Dean Turku University of Applied
Sciences kaija.lind_at_turkuamk.fi
2
FINLAND - History
  • Part of Sweden 1200-1809
  • Part of Russia 1809-1917
  • Independency 6.12.1917
  • Form of government Republic
  • A member of the EU since 1995

3
DEMOGRAPHIC DATA
  • 5.3 million inhabitants
  • 337 000 / km²
  • 17 inhabitants / km²
  • Graying country
  • people over 65 years
  • 2008 18,
  • 2020 23
  • 2030 over 26
  • Life expectancy
  • females 82 years
  • males 75 years

4
Discover Finland
  • Distinctive seasonal variations
  • Nightless nights and midnight sun during the
    summer
  • Polar nights and northern lights during the
    winter
  • Unspoiled nature
  • The land of the thousand lakes
  • Vast archipelago
  • Verdant forests

5
Discover Turku
  • Living city with rich history
  • European Capital of Culture 2011
  • Many attractions and museums
  • Extensive variety of leisure time activities
  • 175 000 inhabitants
  • Vast archipelago outside of city

6
Basic principles of health care system in
Finland
  • The Core of the Health Policy
  • every citizen is priviledged to get all the
    health care services needed by community
  • Main objectives of the Finnish health care
    system
  • Reduce premature deaths
  • Extend peoples active and healthy life
  • Ensure the best possible quality of life for all
  • Reduce differences in health between different
    sectors of the population
  • Highlight the dimension of health in all aspects
    of public decision making
  • Emphasize the importance of efficient and
    accessible health care services available to the
    entire population

7
THE ORGANIZATION OF HEALTH CARE SYSTEM DIRECTION
IN FINLAND
8
MAIN FOCUS HEALTH PROMOTION
  • Information of Healthy life styles
  • Health for all 2015 programme
  • Support fitness, physical exercises and working
    capacity
  • Promote mental health
  • Promote health (nutrition, against tobacco,
    substance abuse, alcohol)
  • PRIORITY PRIMARY HEALTH CARE AT HEALTH CENTERS
  • Responsibilited and maintained by
    municipalities,
  • for own inhabitants

9
PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
  • Maternity clinics
  • Family planning
  • Child / family health clinics, vaccination
    programme
  • School and student health care
  • Occupational health care
  • Screenings
  • Health care for elderly, memory clinics
  • Medical rehabilitation
  • Environmental health care
  • Dental treatment
  • Home nursing services
  • Mental health services
  • Local ambulance services
  • Health centre hospitals (long term patients)

10
IMPORTANT BY PROVIDING HEALTH CARE SERVICES
  • Multiprofessional health care teams
  • Crises interventions
  • Supporting living at home
  • Evidence based health care
  • Patient (client) centered care
  • Care pathways and service chains
  • Rights of the Patient
  • Care warranty
  • Time limits for Accessing Medical Care

11
SEAMLESS CHAIN OF CARE
  • Every finnish citizen is priviledged to care
    warranty
  • immediate contact and information per telephone
    to
  • health centre (nurse)
  • the need of care must be evaluated in 3 days
    (doctor or nurse)
  • medical exmination and operations/actions, if
    not taken care at consultation time, must happen
    during 3 months
  • unhurried cases mut be taken care of in 6 months
  • if the patients own health centre is incapable
    to take care of these, the patient can gravitate
    to another district or private sector to get the
    health care service needed (the authorities take
    care and pay )

12
HEALTH FOR ALL 2015
  • FOCUS Health promotion
  • Multiprofessional cooperation, different
    authorities work together (also outside of the
    traditional health care organiztions i.e.
    environmental authorities, community planning,
    public transportation and infrastructure)
  • THE MAIN CHALLENGES
  • how to take care of the increasing amount of
    elderly
  • how to get enough professionals to work in health
    care sector
  • how to take care of the people living outside the
    city areas (rural)
  • how to respond to the needs of increasing
    multicultural population
  • how to manage with the rapidly increasing costs
    of the health care system

13
HEALTH FOR ALL 2015
  • PROPOSALS AND PLANNED CHANGES IN THE SYSTEM (The
    National Health Project in Finland)
  • Increase the amount of health care students
  • Remodel the functions, work and structures to
    functional units
  • Reform the health care education
  • Moving some tasks in health care from doctors to
    reg. nurses
  • Moving some tasks in health care from reg. nurses
    to assistant nurses
  • Reform the job description of health care
    personnel
  • the independent work of i.e. reg. nurses will
    extend

14
FINLAND Education
  • Comprehensive education begins at pre-school, at
    the age of 6
  • At the age of 7, children begin their 9-year
    compulsory education at comprehensive school with
    a voluntary 10th grade
  • Continuation alternatives upper secondary school
    or vocational school (3 years)
  • University of Applied Sciences or University
  • As a rule, free of charge and publicly financed

15
The tasks of Universities of Applied Sciences
16
Discover TUAS
  • One of the largest universities of applied
    sciences in Finland
  • Multidisciplinary
  • 7 fields of study and 37 degree programmes
  • 10 degree programmes leading to a Masters Degree

17
Study Fields at Turku University of Applied
Sciences
  • Culture
  • Social Sciences, Business and Administration
  • Natural sciences
  • Technology, Communication and Transport
  • Natural Resources and the Environment
  • Social Services, Health and Sports
  • Tourism, Catering and Domestic Services

18
Health Care- education to respond to the demands
of high quality health care services for the
population
  • The education of Health Care creates
    possibilities
  • for education, research and development.
  • The objective is to educate professionals for
  • public and private sectors of health care
    services.
  • The Health Care Education at TUAS
  • places an emphasis on the application of
  • theoretical study to the practice
  • of health care, enabling the
  • students to develop both
  • theoretical and clinical skills.

19
Health Care(Approx. 2000 students)
  • Bachelors Degree in Health Care
  • Biomedical Laboratory Science (Bioanalyst)
  • Dental Hygiene (Dental Hygienist)
  • Emergency Care (Emergency Nurse, Paramedic)
  • Nursing (Reg. Nurse, Public Health Nurse,
    Midwife)
  • Nursing / in English (Reg. nurse)
  • Occupational Therapy (Occ. therapist)
  • Physiotherapy (Pysiotherapist)
  • Radiography and Radiotherapy (Radiographist)
  • Masters Degree in Health Care
  • Development and Leadershipin Health Care (Master
    of Health Care)
  • Health Promotion (Master of Health Care)
  • Advanced Nurse Practitioner (Master of Health
    Care)
  • Rehabilitation (Master of Health Care)

20
Dept. of Health Care
21
Welcome to Turku University of Applied Sciences
Tervetuloa Turun ammatti-korkea-kouluun
22
Thank You and Congratulations! 100 Years Nursing
Education in Tianjin Medical College
Kaija Lind Director Tiina Nurmela Principal
Lecturer Raija Sairanen Senior Lecturer, Int.
coordinator
www.tuas.fi/healthcare
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