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MUS1100 Exploring Music World Music Semester 1, 2006

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13-16th Majahpahit Hindu Javanese Empire Court Arts, music and dance for the god ... Island archipelago unified as Indonesia. West Sumatra: Minangkabau People ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: MUS1100 Exploring Music World Music Semester 1, 2006


1
MUS1100 Exploring Music World Music Semester 1,
2006
  • Music of Indonesia
  • with
  • Dr. Made Mantle Hood

2
Todays Lecture
  • Part I. Historical background
  • PartII. West Sumatra
  • Part III. Central Java
  • Part IV. Bali

3
www.cnn.com/.../ map.indonesia.jakarta.gif
4
Gong-chime Cultures Historical Background
  • 8th Cen. Borobudur Budhist monument base reliefs
    of instruments
  • 13-16th Majahpahit Hindu Javanese Empire Court
    Arts, music and dance for the god-king
  • 16-19th Cen. Islamic domination and Dutch
    colonies
  • 20th Cen. Island archipelago unified as Indonesia

5
West Sumatra
  • Minangkabau People
  • highlands utilize small gongs and percussion in
    an orchestra called talempong
  • Talempong - four small knobbed kettlegongs played
    by two to four players accompanied by drums
    called gandang
  • Gandang - double headed conical drums

6
Musical example
  • Trk 2Talipuak Kampai Talempong Sikatuntuang Bunga
    Setangkai
  • Played by group of elderly women from Padang
    Alai. Six talempong played by four players,
    two-headed drum played with stick and hand.
  • Music of Indonesia Vol. 12 Gongs and Vocal
    Music from Sumatra. Smithsonian Folkways, 1996
    CD2596

7
Tari Piring - plate dance
  • (Kartomi 1983 117)

8
Central Java
  • Gamelan - large percussion orchestra of bronze
    gongs, drums, string instruments and flutes.
  • 50 to 60 musicians/singers
  • Four instrument groups
  • 1. gongs
  • 2. metallophones
  • 3. melodic instruments
  • 4. percussion

9
Gongs
  • Gong Ageng - the largest bronze gong, 1 meter in
    diameter, revered for its sonic/spiritual power
  • Kempul - smaller tuned gongs that punctuate
    melody

10
Metallophones
  • Saron - single octave set of thick bronze slabs
    suspended over a single trough resonator. Played
    with hard wooden mallet.
  • Three octaves
  • demung - low
  • barung - middle
  • peking - high
  • Gender - multi-octave thin bronze keys with
    individual bamboo resonators. Played with two
    padded disc mallets and acts as melodic leader.

11
Java Listening Example
  • Trk 6 Lancaran Manyar Sewu Sl. Manyura
  • From Original Javanese Music Wedding and
    Welcome ceremony Vol. 3Keraton Records 1991, CD
    193.

12
Central Javanese Gamelan
  • (Kartomi 19833122)

13
Performance Context
  • Wayang Kulit - shadow puppet theatre
  • stories from the Indian epics Mahabharata and
    Ramayana
  • Dhalang or pupperteer directs orchestra, operates
    puppest, sing spoetry, speaks dialog for all
    characters
  • -typical performance lasts from 9pm to 6am
  • For wedding, circumcisions, festivals of the
    royal court of Yogya and Solo

14
Bali the gamelan gong gede
Gong kebyar video Festival 2004 Composed by
Nyoman Winda Lekesan Flashy music and costumes
in a virtuosic style
15
Map of Bali
16
Metallophones
  • The three octaves of the gangsa family

17
Summary
  • Bronze instruments form a major part of
    traditional and contemporary Indonesian musical
    identity.
  • Gamelan in its various forms from Sumatra, Java
    and Bali are instruments essential to the music
    of Indonesia
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