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Early Japan

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I. Geography. A. Japan is an archipelago consisting of four main island and thousands of ... B. Mountainous terrain means only 20% of Japan is suitable for farming. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Early Japan


1
Early Japan
2
I. Geography
A. Japan is an archipelago consisting of four
main island and thousands of smaller islands
3
The four main islands are
4
B. Mountainous terrain means only 20 of Japan is
suitable for farming.
5
C. The sea has always been important to Japan
a. provided a source of food
b. provided a natural barrier against invasion
c. served as a method of transportation between
islands
6
II. Early Japanese Culture
A. Religion
1. Ancient beliefs and traditions formed the
basis of Shinto
7
a. In the Shinto religion people offer gifts
to the spirits or kami at shrines or temples
1. Kami are spirits which are in all thing and
control the forces of nature
8
b. Later, Buddhism will be introduced into
Japan
1. Zen Buddhism will incorporate traditional
Japanese religious beliefs and coexist with
Shinto
9
B. Society
  • Japanese society was organized into clans
  • Clans are family groups which trace their
    origin to a common ancestor

10
  • By 400 AD., the Yamato clan became dominant
    and established Japans one and only dynasty

11
III. Yamato Era
  • In the 6th century AD., Chinese influence
    grows in Japan.

1. The Japanese borrow many ideas from the
Chinese.
12
Selective Borrowing
Keeping only those ideas that fit with ones own
culture and traditions and discarding others.
13
Chinese influences included
1. Arts and Literature
14
Chinese influences included
2. Architecture
15
Chinese influences included
3. Clothing and furniture
16
Chinese influences included
4. Religion and Philosophy
17
IV. Japanese Feudalism
A. After the 9th century the position of the
emperor changed from a ruler to a figurehead.
B. A feudal system developed in Japan.
18
C. By 1200, a powerful samurai leader
Yoritomo Minamoto gained the title of shogun.
19
D. Feudal Society
The Emperor
highest position but no political power
The Samurai Class
Includes
The Shogun the actual ruler of Japan
The Daimyo great landowners and nobles
Samurai warrior knights of Japan
20
The Emperor
D. Feudal Society
The Samurai Class
The Commoners
Peasants and Artisans
Merchants
At least 75 of population or more
traditionally low status but gain influence as
wealth increases
21
2. The Samurai Class dominate feudal society
a. The samurai lived by the code of Bushido
which stressed loyalty, courage and honor
22
V. Japan and the World
A. In the mid-1500s European traders and
missionaries began to arrive in Japan
1. The shoguns were extremely conservative and
suspicious of foreign influence
23
B. In 1639, the Shogun expelled all
European from Japan.
1. Foreign travel and trade are banned
2. Japan entered a 200 year period of isolation
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