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Sistem, Sistem Politik,

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that system of interactions to be found in all independent ... a b c = D amalgamation. A b c = A assimilation. A b c = A Ab Ac acculturation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sistem, Sistem Politik,


1
Sistem,Sistem Politik, Sistem Sosial
  • beberapa ide dasar

2
apa itu sistem?(menurut peserta sspi 07)
3
sistem adalah
  • a set of interrelated parts, working
    independently jointly, in pursuit of common
    objectives or the whole, within a complex
    environment (Shorde Voich)

4
sistem politik
5
sistem politik adalah
  • (1) allocates values (2) its allocations are
    authoritative and (3) its authoritative
    allocations are binding on the society as a whole
    (David Easton)

6
sistem politik adalah
  • any persistent pattern of human relationships
    that involves, to a significant extent, control,
    influence, power, or authority (Robert A. Dahl)

7
sistem politik adalah
  • that system of interactions to be found in all
    independent societies which performs the
    functions of integration and adaptation, by means
    of the employment, or threat of employment, of
    more or less legitimate physical compulsion
    (Gabriel A. Almond)

8
sistem politik adalah
  • (1) allocates values (2) its allocations are
    authoritative and (3) its authoritative
    allocations are binding on the society as a whole
    (David Easton)
  • any persistent pattern of human relationships
    that involves, to a significant extent, control,
    influence, power, or authority (Robert A. Dahl)
  • that system of interactions to be found in all
    independent societies which performs the
    functions of integration and adaptation, by means
    of the employment, or threat of employment, of
    more or less legitimate physical compulsion
    (Gabriel A. Almond)

9
bagan sistem politik
  • environment
  • input sistem politik output
  • (tuntutan dukungan) (keputusan
    kebijakan)
  • feedback

10
fungsi input output
  • fungsi input
  • sosialisasi politik rekrutmen
  • artikulasi kepentingan
  • agregasi kepentingan
  • komunikasi politik
  • fungsi output
  • pembuatan peraturan
  • penerapan peraturan
  • ajudikasi peraturan

11
fungsi sistem politik
lingkungan internasional
sosialisasi, rekrutmen, komunikasi politik
12
kemampuan sistem politik
  • ekstraktif mengumpulkan sumber daya
  • regulatif mengontrol anggota
  • distributif mengalokasikan sumber daya
  • simbolik mencitrakan diri
  • responsif mengelola input (esp. tuntutan)
  • domestik internasional menjalankan operasi di
    lingkup domestik internasional

13
sistem sosial
14
sistem sosial
  • perlu dipandang sebagai struktur sosial proses
    sosial
  • struktur sosial posisi sosial, afiliasi kelompok
  • -gt parameter nominal gradual
  • -gt heterogenitas sosial kesenjangan sosial
  • proses sosial interaksi antarkelompok

15
masyarakat
  • masyarakat majemuk/plural society (J.S.
    Furnivall) memiliki 2 atau lebih social order,
    kelompok, atau komunitas, yang hidup berdampingan
    tanpa terintegrasi dalam satu kesatuan politik
  • masyarakat pluralistik/pluralistic society
    (Robushka Shepsle) memiliki keanekaragaman
    kultural, tetapi keberadaannya tidak menimbulkan
    persoalan berarti bagi sistem politik integrasi
    masyarakat

16
formula
  • a b c D amalgamation
  • A b c A assimilation
  • A b c A Ab Ac acculturation
  • A b c A b c seg. pluralism
  • A B C (A B C AB AC BC ABC)
  • intgr. pluralism/
  • multiculturalism

17
apa itu sistem?(menurut peserta sspi 07)
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