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Digital Convergence

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Always-on. Mobile Fixed. Multi-media. Bundled. TO. International Telecommunication Union ... Such interfaces, based on ITU-T defined global standards, opens ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Digital Convergence


1
International Telecommunication Union
Digital Convergence Challenges and Opportunities
Houlin Zhao Deputy Secretary-General, ITU
IT Ministerial Conference, Seoul 19 April 2007
2
Opportunities Paradigm Shifts
  • Static market environments
  • Divergence
  • Circuit-switched
  • Local
  • Low-speed
  • Switch-on
  • Fixed
  • Single medium
  • Distinct
  • Dynamic, fast-paced innovation
  • Convergence
  • Packet-switched
  • Global
  • High-speed
  • Always-on
  • Mobile Fixed
  • Multi-media
  • Bundled

TO
3
Challenges Digital Convergence
  • Institutional challenges convergence of
    ministries, regulators etc. in telecom spectrum,
    IT/ICT, broadcasting, which is often a political
    issue.
  • Regulatory legislative challenges difficulties
    to catch up technological innovation and
    convergence in the converged laws/regulations.
  • Industrial challenges balance between creating
    new employment and redundancy as well as convert
    from legacy networks/technologies to the
    converged ones with huge costs especially for the
    developing countries.

4
Challenges Convergence (e.g., NGN)
  • Pricing Will offer prices that are significantly
    lower than those available today?
  • Bundling and billing How to distinguish real
    price of bundled services?
  • Interconnection Will current interconnection
    models (based on per-minute settlement) work ?
  • Security If much greater capacity is available
    at the edges of the network, how to guarantee
    security?
  • Investment Will unbundling discourage new
    infrastructural investment?
  • Traffic prioritization Is the Net really
    neutral?
  • Emergency services What level of universal
    service obligation to impose?
  • Competition policy Significant market power will
    not go away in the converged (e.g., NGN)
    environment ?
  • Consultation compensation for stranded assets?

5
Opportunities
  • NGNs provides an excellent opportunity to agree
    improved interfaces in ITU-T to better enable
    service providers to interconnect and cooperate
  • Such interfaces, based on ITU-T defined global
    standards, opens the door to the provision of an
    unlimited range of applications and services
  • NGN has the potential to accelerate the
    deployment of telecommunications networks and
    services in developing countries
  • It offers the opportunity for developing
    countries to jump several generations of
    technology
  • The capital costs of deploying NGN technology are
    significantly lower than circuit switched
    technologies
  • Enables a more rapid expansion of network
    capabilities
  • NGN will enable a range of multimedia services to
    be provided easier with less cost, and so
    increase potential revenues.

6
R.O.Koreas Leadershipin Digital Convergence
USA
Germany
2001
Austria
2006
Canada
Switzerland
Macao, China
  • Digital Opportunity Index
  • 2001 Koreas DOI
  • - Overall 0.60 (rank 2)
  • 2006 Koreas DOI
  • - Overall 0.80 (rank 1)
  • - Mobile 0.65 (rank 2)
  • - Fixed 0.88 (rank 1)

Israel
Luxembourg
Norway
Finland
UK
Sweden
HK, China
Taiwan, China
Netherlands
Singapore
Source ITU Digital Opportunity Platform.
Provisional data for 2006
Iceland
Denmark
Japan
Korea (Rep.)
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
7
R.O.Koreas ICT Sector The mainspring of its
economic growth
  • Telecoms revenue as a percentage of GDP
  • R.O.Korea
  • 1990 2.0
  • 2005 4.8
  • World Average
  • 1990 1.8
  • 2005 3.0

Source ITU World Telecom Indicators Database.
8
ITUs mandates and leadership in digital
information society
  • ITU-R allocation for the appropriate
    frequency/spectrum for the converged
    technologies, networks and services, and develop
    technical standards for radio access and other
    radiocommunication services.
  • ITU-T set international standards (i.e.,
    Recommendations) to ensure interoperability,
    security etc. in the converged telecoms/ICts,
    bridge the standardization gap.
  • ITU-D assist members in developing and moving
    towards the converged telecom/ICT environment
    through providing expert support, trainings to
    equipments/facilities.
  • Closer collaboration between the three ITU
    Sectors.

More
9
ITU - WSIS Action Line C2ICT infrastructure
facilitation ITU Information and Communication
Infrastructure
  • Main orientation for actions in C2
  • Facilitation of large scale initiatives
  • Development of thematic activities.
  • Strategy to link national, regional and
    international initiatives to facilitate large
    scale infrastructure projects.
  • C2 Group, endorsed five (5) large scale ITU
    projects
  • Harmonization of ICT Policies for 43 African
    States
  • Harmonization of ICT Policies for 17 Caribbean
    States
  • Capacity Building on ICT Policies for 14 Pacific
    States
  • International fibre optics Infinity project West
    Africa,
  • ICT Applications and Connectivity Pacific
    Island States, studied by ITU, funding to be
    secured

10
ITU - WSIS Action Line C2
  • Plan of Action aims at the facilitation of
    the following core Activities
  • Development of National e-Strategies
  • Harmonization of the ICT Policies in the
    different regions
  • Development of regional and large-scale national
    initiatives
  • Launch of global thematic ICT Infrastructure
    initiatives for
  • Public Access
  • ICT-Applications for Development
  • Broadband Wireless Access
  • Large-scale ICT backbones
  • Development of a virtual financing platform
  • Deployment of an online tool for ICT Development
    Assessment.

11
  • October-November 2007
  • - Radiocommunication Assembly, and
  • - World Radiocommunication Conference
  • October 2008
  • - World Telecommunication Standardization
    Assembly, and
  • - Worldwide Standardization Roundtable and
    Coordination
  • Meeting

12
World Telecom Policy Forum 09
  • Topic Convergence and emerging policy issues
  • Timetable
  • 30 June 2007 Deadline for first contributions
  • 1 September 2007 First draft of SGs report
  • Spring / Autumn 2008 Two meetings of informal
    expert group
  • 15 December 2008 Deadline for final draft
  • 24 March 2009 Information Session for WTPF
  • 25-27 March 2009 4th WTPF

13
Thank you
Houlin ZhaoITU Deputy Secretary-General DSG_at_itu.i
nt Tel. 41 22 730 5595Fax 41 22 730 5137
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