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Moving Forward

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Moving Forward. South Asia EFA Mid-Term Policy Review: India ... Accelerated Female Literacy Programme 35 districts. Special literacy drive in 150 districts ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Moving Forward


1

South Asia EFA Mid-Term Policy Review India
  • Moving Forward

2
Schemes to achieve EFA in India
  • Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)
    Goal 1
  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Goal 2
  • Comprehensive Plan for Adolescents, especially
    girls Goal 3
  • National Literacy Mission (NLM) for adult
    education and bridging gender and regional
    disparities Goals 3 4
  • Special Schemes targeted at girls in schools
    Goal 5
  • Quality focus in all education schemes Goal 6

2
South Asia EFA Mid-Term Policy Review Conference
Kathmandu 16-19 June, 2008
3
ECCE Goal 1
  • Existing Schemes
  • - ICDS
  • - pre-school component in SSA
  • - ECCE component in Integrated Education for
    Disabled Children
  • - National Rural Health Mission

3
South Asia EFA Mid-Term Policy Review Conference
Kathmandu 16-19 June, 2008
4
Problem Areas
  • inadequate convergence and coordination
  • incomplete coverage for targeted population
  • lack of reliable and authentic database
  • Shortage of trained manpower
  • Lack of uniformity in approach of various NGOs
  • Issues of monitoring and evaluation

5
Suggested Action Plan
  • Principle of Child Budgeting should enable
    formulation of a permanent institutional
    mechanism for convergence and coordination
  • Mapping of target population in order to measure
    the extent of coverage required
  • Proper documentation and authentication of birth
    and related statistical parameters
  • planning at decentralised level for close
    coordination between government and NGOs

6
Universal Elementary Education (UEE) Goal 2
  • Universal access to school education
  • Universal enrolment of school children
  • Universal retention of school children
  • Bridging gender and social gaps

6
South Asia EFA Mid-Term Policy Review Conference
Kathmandu 16-19 June, 2008
7
Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA)
  • Flagship programme of the Government to achieve
    the goal of UEE - Launched in 2001
  • Addressees the needs of 192 million children in
    1.1 million habitations
  • Funding partners - DFID, EC, WB
  • Dedicated Education Cess
  • Institutional set up for monitoring and
    evaluation

7
South Asia EFA Mid-Term Policy Review Conference
Kathmandu 16-19 June, 2008
8
SSA Main components
  • Provision of basic minimum conditions access,
    physical infrastructure and teachers
  • Training of teachers and strengthening of
    academic support institutions
  • Defining learning outcomes and assessment/monitori
    ng of students achievement levels
  • Capacity building for planning, management,
    monitoring and research/evaluation
  • Education of disadvantaged groups
  • Social mobilisation and community involvement

8
South Asia EFA Mid-Term Policy Review Conference
Kathmandu 16-19 June, 2008
9
Realization of UEE goal
  • Universal coverage to primary schooling facility
    within one km of habitation
  • Out of school children reduced from 32 million
    (2001) to 4.5 million (2007)
  • Coverage of habitations
  • Primary school 98
  • Upper Primary schools 86
  • Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) 94.92 (class
    I-VIII)
  • - Boys 98 Girls 91 no social category gaps
  • Reduction in dropout rate up from 2.3 pp
    (1990-2000) to 14 pp (2000-2005)

9
South Asia EFA Mid-Term Policy Review Conference
Kathmandu 16-19 June, 2008
10
Challenges in UEE
  • Enrolment and retention of the disadvantaged
  • Arresting the trend of dropout
  • Enrolment of out-of-school children
  • Legal right for free and compulsory education
  • Increasing the percentage of women teachers
  • Bridging gender divide
  • Special infrastructure for girl child

11
Action Plan for UEE
  • Special enrolment drive, especially for the girl
    child and disadvantaged groups, including
    children with disabilities
  • Remediation strategy to arrest dropouts
  • Providing adequate number of upper primary
    schools with adequate infrastructure in remote
    areas
  • Provision of trained teachers, especially at
    upper primary level
  • Early enactment of RTE Bill
  • Planning of infrastructure and teacher
    requirement over a long-term period
  • Convergence of various schemes for primary
    education
  • Monitoring by community groups at local level

12
Policies for Adolescent Education Goal 3
  • National Policy on Education (1986/1992)
  • - specific reference to NFE, population
    education and womens equality
  • National Sports Policy (2003)
  • specific reference to gender justice and
    empowerment of youth through education
  • National Population Policy (2000)
  • special learning needs of adolescents and
    population education

12
South Asia EFA Mid-Term Policy Review Conference
Kathmandu 16-19 June, 2008
13
Programmes for adolescents
  • Nehru Yuvak Kendra Sangathan (NYKS)
  • - largest grass root level organization in the
    Asia-Pacific Region
  • - caters to development needs of 8 million rural
    youth
  • Adolescent Education Programme, including life
    skills education for in-school children
  • National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS)
  • Provides opportunities for continuing education

13
South Asia EFA Mid-Term Policy Review Conference
Kathmandu 16-19 June, 2008
14
Challenges in Adolescent Education
  • To make secondary education of good quality
    available, accessible and affordable
  • To improve transition rate from upper primary to
    secondary level
  • To increase completion rate at secondary level
  • To provide adequate infrastructure
  • Closing on regional and social disparities

15
Action Plan for Adolescents
  • Universal access to secondary education
  • Opening of quality schools at secondary level
  • Upgradation of existing upper primary schools
  • Expand capacity of existing secondary schools
  • Increased financial allocation for secondary
    schools
  • Expand facilities for open and distance learning
  • Encourage PPP
  • Improve quality/ICT

16
Adult Literacy and Lifelong Learning Goals 3
4
  • National Literacy Mission
  • Total Literacy campaign (TLC) 597 districts
  • Post Literacy programmes (PLP) 485 districts
  • Accelerated Female Literacy Programme 35
    districts
  • Special literacy drive in 150 districts
  • Continuing Education Programme 328 districts
  • State Resource Centres - 26
  • Association of NGOs
  • Jan Shikshan Sansthan - 221

16
South Asia EFA Mid-Term Policy Review Conference
Kathmandu 16-19 June, 2008
17
Achievements of Literacy Campaigns (1991-2001)
  • Highest decadal growth ever (12.63)
  • Addition of 201.40 million literates
  • Number of literates increased to 560.68 million
  • Male literacy increased by 11.13
  • Female literacy increased by 14.38
  • Literacy of SC increased by 17.28
  • Literacy of ST increased by 17.5

17
South Asia EFA Mid-Term Policy Review Conference
Kathmandu 16-19 June, 2008
18
Challenges in Adult Education
  • Decrease fuzziness in literacy programmes
  • Addressing literacy problem of disabled persons
    and marginalised groups
  • Improved monitoring of programmes

19
Action Plan for Adult Literacy
  • Convergence of existing schemes
  • Setting up of institutional mechanism for
    monitoring and evaluation
  • Development of innovative, local need based skill
    development programmes
  • Advocay programmes for protection of gender
    rights

20
Education for Girls and Gender Equality Goal 5
  • NPE (1986) special emphasis on removal of
    disparities and equalize educational opportunity
    by attending to those hitherto denied
  • Since mid-eighties, all education programmes
    designed to incorporate the principle of gender
    equality
  • Intrinsic component of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
    (SSA)
  • National Programme for Education of Girls in
    Elementary Level (NPEGEL)
  • Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV)

20
South Asia EFA Mid-Term Policy Review Conference
Kathmandu 16-19 June, 2008
21
Quality in Education Goal 6
  • Extensive programme of pre-service Teacher
    training
  • Wide-networked programme for in-service teacher
    training
  • National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 2005

21
South Asia EFA Mid-Term Policy Review Conference
Kathmandu 16-19 June, 2008
22
Challenges in Teacher Education
  • Adequate availability of trained teachers
  • To improve infrastructure of teacher training
    institutions
  • Motivation level of teachers and teacher
    educators
  • Closing the vacancy gap of faculty in teacher
    training institutions
  • Improving curriculum of teacher training

23
Action Plan for Quality in Education
  • Evolving a new Scheme of Teacher Education, with
    focus on infrastructure, in-service training and
    faculty development of teacher educators
  • Development of new curriculum for teacher
    education, along with TLM
  • Strategy for incentivising and motivating school
    teachers
  • Preparing a long-term database of requirement of
    teachers and teacher educators at national and
    decentralised level

24
Macro Level Action Plans
  • Development of MIS for real time monitoring of
    schemes/programmes
  • Strategies for financial delegation and
    electronic flow of funds
  • Single point institution at national level for
    monitoring, coordinating and reviewing progress
    of EFA goals
  • Setting up of a concerted strategy for role of UN
    and other multilateral agencies
  • Enrichment of educational database

25
  • THANK YOU
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