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Rural Broadband Project in Northern Thailand

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The 'local loop', or 'last mile' is one of the formidable problem for ... agricultural area in northern part of the country, bordering to Myanma and Laos. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Rural Broadband Project in Northern Thailand


1
Rural Broadband Project in Northern Thailand
Japanese Oversea Cooperation
5th Summit on Information and Communication
Technologies, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • Yasuhide Yamanouchi
  • The New Institute for Social Knowledge and
    Collaboration Kumon Center, Tama University

2
  • The local loop, or last mile is one of the
    formidable problem for information infrastructure
    construction, not only for PSTN but for Internet.
    PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network /
    traditional telephone system- Local loop
    usually means from the conduit of a home to the
    nearest telegraph pole. By definition, the
    numbers of local loop is equal to that of
    subscribers, and quite costly for the
    telecommunication service providers operation.

3
  • Recent technological progresses offer
    alternatives to the PSTNs traditional copper
    twisted wires. Namely - optical fiber for
    local loop FTTH - co-axile and fiber hybrid
    - ADSL twisted copper for high speed data
    transmission - mobile telephone, 1st, 2nd, and
    3rd generations, PHS - mobile phone for
    Internet, CDMA, HSDA - wireless local access,
    FWA, - Wireless LAN, 802.11b-g-e WiFi,
    802.16 WiMAX - PLC Power Line
    Communications - Satellite downlink, like IP
    Star - UWB Ultra Wide Band and so
    forth, These technology offer tremendous
    opportunities for the introduction of National
    Information Infrastructure.

4
  • Thailands governmental research institute,
    NECTEC (National Electronics and Computer
    Technology Center, an affiliate of NSTDA
    (National Science and Technology Development
    Agency )) has been working to develop and to
    introduce RWBA (Rural Wireless Broadband Access)
    in remote mountainous and agricultural area in
    northern part of the country, bordering to Myanma
    and Laos.- Japanese government has supported
    this project financially and technologically.
    The framework was by Official Development Aid
    through JETRO (Japanese External Trade
    Organization) from 2004 to 05, shifting to JICA
    (Japanese International Cooperation Agency) from
    07.

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10
  • New Institute at Tama University exchanged MoUs
    with Thai National Mae Fah Luang University
    (MFLU) located in the outskirts of Chiang Rai in
    Northern Thailand.
  • The configuration for demonstration experiment
    is to simulate MFLU as the center of a village,
    and the elementary school ,2.3 km from the MFLU
    as houses locating at the fringe of that village.
  • In Thai rural areas, usually optical fiber or
    metallic cable are installed in public buildings
    such as village administration building or
    schools located at the center of village.

Yuji Hatakeyama (NTTDoCoMo), Kenichi Takeshita
(NTTBP) , Hirofumi Ichikawa (NTTAT), Yukio Yokoi
(NaganoJRC), Hideya Otani (BeMap), Akiyuki Goto
(NECTEC), Thongchai Yooyativong (Thailand Mae Fah
Luang Univ.), Mitsuji Matsumoto (Thailand GITS,
Waseda Univ), A Proposal to Implement Mobile
Wireless IP Telephony to the Mekong River Region,
2006.
11
  • - Average population of the village is around
    600 and 80 locate in remote areas. Lots of them
    are commercially in-viable neither by fixed
    wire nor mobile.
  • There are approximately 70,000 villages in
    Thailand, and their average land area is
    estimated to be 7.7 square kilometers.
  • Since the operation of 2.3 km-entrance circuit
    was verified, most of the villages can be covered
    by the combinations of WiMAX and WiFi.
  • The experiment through WIPAS (NTTs technology
    of WFA or WLL Wireless Local Loop) indicated the
    enough capacity of the coverage through this
    model technologically.

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14
  • Lessons learned (1)
  • VoIP (Voice over IP) over Wireless is also proved
    inside the LAN, i.e., it was not connected to
    PSTN operators line.
  • Two ways of VoIP services on this scheme are
    conceivable (i) allocation of dedicated number
    for IP telephony (for example, 050 in Japan) by
    telecom authority and additional introduction of
    the gatewy (centrex), or, (ii) Skype out.

15
  • Lessons learned (2)
  • Local business promotion through ICT is a
    necessary part (or rather, main objects) for the
    sustainable operation of this model.
  • Thailand government promotes one village one
    product (OTOP) project. Checking market prices
    of agricultural products, communications with
    traders in urban area, taking consultations from
    specialists, e-learning for qualifying
    examination like accountant, etc. are examples.
  • In other words, economic development through
    global market economy might be the key, i.e.,
    Grameen phone model.
  • Sullivan, Nicholas, You can hear me now How
    microloans and cell phones are connecting the
    worlds poor to the global economy, 2007.

16
Prahalad, The Fortune at the Bottom of the
Pyramid, 2005, P.9.
17
  • Lessons learned (3)
  • Financial scheme is therefore crucial. Risk
    should be properly allocated among governmental
    assistance (ODA), commercial banks, and private
    industry.

Report of Asian PPP Promotion Study Group,
Ministry of Economics, Trade and Industry, 2005.
18
  • Lessons learned (4) Bottle-neck specification
    should be useful.

(b) domestic backbones extending cities and
regions enough coverage ?
(a) connection to international backbone enough
bandwidth for nation-wide demand ?
(c) access loop population density and
appropriate technology
19
  • Lessons learned (5) still problems surmount
  • How we could include these model into ODA
    framework
  • - issue finding
  • - G to G conversations. PPP platforms,
    etc
  • - F/S
  • - financial framework and SPC
  • (2) Coordination with telecom operators
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