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Middle School Counseling

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Physical changes occur rapidly for ages 11-14 more so than any other age except ... Ride an emotional roller coaster moody, emotional outbursts ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Middle School Counseling


1
Middle School Counseling
2
Developmental Needs of Middle School Students
  • Vernon (1999)
  • Physical changes occur rapidly for ages 11-14
    more so than any other age except infancy
  • Puberty begins at about age 11 for females 13
    for males
  • Rate of growth varies among students, making for
    self-consciousness and anxiety
  • Both males and females become clumsy with hands
    and feet that are disproportionate to other body
    parts

3
Ages 11-14
  • Locker-room phobia is common
  • Shift from concrete to formal thinking begins,
    but is not completed until age 15
  • Self-definition and integration begins push for
    independence and autonomy at the same time,
    still immature and lack life experiences
  • Often contradict themselves want to be unique
    and just like their peers
  • Very egocentric

4
Ages 11-14
  • Look to peers for support, more vulnerable to
    peers making fun of them, rejecting, etc.
  • Often have trouble looking at anothers viewpoint
    because of preoccupation with their own needs
  • Ride an emotional roller coaster moody,
    emotional outbursts
  • Troublesome emotions anxiety, shame,
    depression, guilt and anger also occur more
    frequently

5
Comparing Elementary and Middle School Counseling
  • Vernon (1999) case studies
  • Muro Kottman (1995) differences

6
Program Development
  • Who is involved?
  • What are the decisions?
  • Where do we look?
  • What guides our work?
  • How do we determine the order of our work?

7
Applications
8
Expressive Arts
  • Therapeutic Fairy Tales (Erford, 2003)
  • Writing fairy tales allows students to project
    themselves into another time dimension, where
    they can positively resolve particular issues or
    conflicts (Gladding, 1997, cited in Erford,
    2003).
  • This works well in groups can be used in IC

9
Directions for Fairy Tales
  • Exercise is completed in 6-10 minutes
  • Do the following
  • A. set the scene in a place and time far away
    from the here and now
  • B. within the setting, describe a problem or
    predicament
  • C. solve the difficulty in a positive and
    gratifying manner, even if the solution seems
    unrealistic or bizaare

10
Fairy Tales
  • After students write stories, ask them to read
    them aloud
  • To process what has occurred, the counselor asks
    facilitative questions
  • A. In what ways are you like the main character
    in the story? Different?
  • B. In what ways does the predicament affect the
    characters? Is the predicament, or the resulting
    emotion, familiar in any way?

11
Fairy Tales
  • C. How is the solution pleasing? How is it
    implemented? How does it compare with the way you
    typically solve problems
  • As students read tales, look for use of symbolic
    and metaphoric language
  • Metaphors provide insight into how students view
    the world and understand experiences
  • Counselors can continue to use metaphors with the
    child to express empathic understanding

12
Career
  • Check out the following websites
  • www.collegeboard.com
  • www.bls.gov/oco/ this is the Occupational
    Outlook Handbook go specifically to the
    following site. Choose an area and bring back
    information to discuss in class
  • www.bls.gov/k12/html/edu_over.htm
  • www.careerkey.org
  • www.pnc.edu/sa/discover/interests.html
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