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Mathematics Education in the States: Trends and Challenges Jennifer Dounay Education Commission of t


Mathematics Education in the States: Trends and Challenges. Jennifer Dounay ... I pass rate up 26 pts. for African American. Education Commission of the States ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mathematics Education in the States: Trends and Challenges Jennifer Dounay Education Commission of t

Mathematics Education in the States Trends and
ChallengesJennifer DounayEducation Commission
of the StatesPresentation at MIND Research
Institute ForumWashington, DCOctober 21, 2008
About ECS
  • 50-state education compact estd 1965
  • Nonpartisan, nonprofit
  • Serves all state-level education policymakers and
    their staffs
  • Governors
  • Legislators
  • State board members
  • State superintendents
  • SHEEOs and higher education boards

High School Trends in the States
  • Increasing high school graduation reqts.
  • End-of-course assessments in Algebra I, II
  • More challenging math in exit exams
  • Alignment with college admission reqts.
  • College readiness assessments
  • Emerging 9th grade math/Algebra I success as
    at-risk indicator
  • Less so High school teacher prep./prof. devt.
  • Fall 2008 ECS report Improving the Skills and
    Knowledge of the High School Teachers We Already

Increasing HS graduation requirements
  • Math and science areas of greatest change
  • Increasing and rigor
  • Four states currently req. 4 years math (AL, AR,
    RI, SC)
  • 13 states DC will req. w/future class (AZ, DE,
    FL, GA, ID, LA, MI, NM, NC, OH, TN, TX, WV)
  • Extremely contentious

Graduation Requirements Algebra I Currently

District of Columbia elementary algebra
  • Kansas Equals algebraic concepts.
  • Wisconsin Must include "instruction in the
    properties, processes, and symbols of arithmetic
    and elements of algebra..."

Graduation Requirements Algebra I 2010
Graduation Requirements Algebra I 2011
District of Columbia Algebra I
Graduation Requirements Algebra I 2012
  • Arizona Patterns, Algebra and Functions.

Graduation Requirements Algebra I 2013
  • Washington Algebra II required, assumption
    Algebra I will be required.

Graduation Requirements Algebra I 2014
  • Ohio Algebra II required, assumption Algebra I
    will be required.

Graduation Requirements Algebra I Fully Phased In
Graduation Requirements Algebra II Currently
Graduation Requirements Algebra II 2010
Graduation Requirements Algebra II 2011
Graduation Requirements Algebra II 2012
Graduation Requirements Algebra II 2013
  • Alabama Algebra II with Trigonometry.

Graduation Requirements Algebra II 2014
Graduation Requirements Algebra II 2015
Graduation Requirements Algebra II Fully Phased
Concerns raised by critics
  • ECS 8/2008 report Dispelling the Myths
  • If we raise reqts, more students will drop out
  • Dont have teachers to teach these courses
  • Additional requirements unfunded mandate
  • Arts, foreign language will be pushed out
  • Career/technical ed. will be pushed aside
  • Not everybody needs to go to college
  • Most kids dont need 4 yrs. math/adv. math

9th grade math on track indicator
  • Chicago Public Schools (CCSR)
  • Louisiana (2008 H.B. 1091)
  • Districts with 4-yr. grad. cohort below 70
  • Early intervention for kids at risk of failing
    Algebra I or any 9th grade math
  • BESE must track of students failing Algebra I,
    use for program improvement
  • Rhode Island (2007 H.B. 5351)
  • Districts with dropout rate gt 15

K-8 Approaches
  • Fewer common state-level approaches
  • Less momentum than at HS level

K-8 Approaches (contd)
  • Teacher preparation/professional devt.
  • FL, WA New K-8 math standards
  • AR License for 8th grade algebra teachers
  • VA Math specialists, Algebra Readiness
  • LA, RI Comprehensive coaching/supp. ed. for
    middle grades below grade level in math
  • TX Intensive math/algebra intervention pilot
    (grades 4-8)

Texas Math/Algebra Intervention Pilot
  • Grades 4-7 Intensive math intervention
  • Grade 8 Algebra readiness intervention
  • Where of at-risk students gt state avg.
  • Approved programs must
  • Incl. tech.-based instruction that IDs, addresses
  • Incl. 3 days of teacher training, PD, mentoring
  • Give kids individual access to 90 minutes
    technology-based instruction/week
  • Give teachers daily access to required technology
  • Show significant effectiveness serving kids at
    risk of dropping out
  • Program must be evaluated, report to legislature

Virginia Algebra Readiness Initiative
  • Kids in grades 6-9 at risk of failing Algebra I
  • Diagnostic pre-test, intervention, post-test
  • Pretest CAT, math stds. 3-8, Algebra I
  • Intervention 2 ½ hrs. weekly addl instruction
  • Gains in 8th grade, Algebra I tests since 02
  • Alg. I pass rate up 30 pts. for students with IEP
  • Alg. I pass rate up 26 pts. for African American

More ECS Resources
  • E-Clips daily news service
  • E-Connection weekly e-newsletter
  • 50-state databases on
  • High school graduation requirements
  • STEM
  • High school-level assessment
  • Policy briefs
  • Progress of Ed. Reform STEM