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Title:

James Clerk Maxwell

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Tutored for a year by a 16 year old neighbor until he rebelled ... Passed his finals at Cambridge as 'Second Wrangler' Beyond the Math and Physics ' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: James Clerk Maxwell


1
James Clerk Maxwell
  • Andrew Davis
  • Danny Rogers
  • Melissa Woolley

2
Childhood
  • Parents John and Frances Clerk Maxwell
  • Curious Childhood led to the discovery of mirrors

Birthplace Edinburgh, Scotland
3
Education
  • Home taught by his mother until about 7 years old
  • Tutored for a year by a 16 year old neighbor
    until he rebelled
  • Finally entered public school and earned the
    nickname Dafty

Maxwell escaping his tutor in a washing tub
4
University education
  • Entered Edinburgh University at age 16
  • In 1850 he moved to Cambridge to pursue a career
    in science
  • Passed his finals at Cambridge as Second
    Wrangler

5
Beyond the Math and Physics
  • ... So I get up and see what kind of day it is,
    and what field works are to be done then I catch
    the pony and bring up the water barrel ... Then I
    take the dogs out, and then look round the garden
    for fruit and seeds, and paddle about till
    breakfast time after I that take up Cicero and
    see if I can understand him. If so, I read till I
    stick if not, I set to Xen. or Herodt. Then I do
    props (math problems), chiefly on rolling curves
    ... After props come optics, and principally
    polarized light…

6
Beyond the Math and Physics
  • I believe … that Man's chief end is to glorify
    God and to enjoy him for ever''
  • Maxwell was convinced of one of Frederick Denison
    Maurice's key tenets, that the dehumanization of
    the working class in an industrializing society
    was to be prevented by a cooperative approach in
    which workers were given greater influence though
    education. Maurice and his friends set up Working
    Men's Colleges, and Maxwell, seeing this as a
    vital Christian service, taught Working Men's
    classes weekly till at least 1866.

7
What we can learn from Maxwell
  • Balance
  • Faith
  • Service
  • Love
  • Another aspect of Maxwell's character that is
    revealed in his marriage is the kindness and
    compassion with which he nursed his wife through
    frequent indispositions… James was ever the
    caring husband and frequently sat up all night to
    tend her, even during his own final illness

8
Statistical Mechanics
  • Maxwellian distribution 1-D
  • ltVgt, Vrms
  • Introduced probability into physics
  • Proved viscosity of a gas is independent of
    pressure

9
Electromagnetism
  • Lines of Force
  • Maxwells Equations
  • Speed of light
  • Aether

10
Optics
  • Color receptors in the eye red, blue, green
  • Took the first color photograph

11
Other
  • Saturns Rings
  • Topology
  • Cybernetics

12
(No Transcript)
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