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STRATEGY FOR INCREASE IN FOREST AND TREE COVER

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For discussion : Initiatives by the States ... Vegetal Degradation: 32 m. ha. Similar figures arrived at by NBLUSS. Opportunities land (contd. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: STRATEGY FOR INCREASE IN FOREST AND TREE COVER


1
STRATEGY FOR INCREASE IN FOREST AND TREE COVER
  • MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS
  • 12 February 2008

2
  • Support for 1/3rd Forest / Tree Cover
  • Opportunities
  • Constraints
  • Govt. of Indias initiatives
  • For discussion Initiatives by the States

3
  • National Forest Policy 1988 (Para 4.1 Area Under
    Forests)
  • National goal 1/3rd of the total land area under
    Forest or Tree Cover (FTC)
  • In the hills and the mountainous regions
    maintain 2/3rd of the area under FTC
  • National Environment Policy 2006
  • Formulate an innovative strategy for increasing
    FTC
  • Forestation, and promotion of agro- and farm
    forestry where their risk-return-term profiles
    are more favourable than cropping, and
  • universal adoption of participatory practices

4
Congruence with National Development Priorities
  • 11th Five Year Plan Faster and inclusive growth
  • Intra-generational Inequalities
  • Regional
  • Socio-economic (e.g. in HCR, PGI)
  • Inter-generational Inequalities
  • Faster growth ? widen demand-supply gap
  • Access to basic facilities and infrastructure
  • Clean drinking water
  • Renewable and secure resource base for
  • Food security transient as well as chronic
  • Consistent with other sectoral policies
  • National Agricultural Policy 2000
  • National Land Use Policy Outline 1986
  • National Policy for Farmers 2007
  • National Rainfed Area Authority 2007
  • Draft National Tribal Policy 2007
  • New and Renewable Energy policies

5
  • Forest Tree Cover Achievement Targets
  • 2003 23.68 (but, Dense Forest Cover decline)
  • 2007 25 (expected)
  • 2012 Target 5
  • Beyond 11th Plan 33
  • Tree planting under 20 Point Programme
  • TPP-1986 Public and Private Land planting
  • Average achievement 1.6 million ha/ year
  • TPP-2006 Only public land planting
  • Target for 2007-08 1.8 million ha
  • Requirement 4x

6
OPPORTUNITIES
  • Lands for tree planting
  • (A) Inside forest
  • 5 million ha. (SFR 2003)
  • (B) Outside forest
  • 37 m. ha. culturable non-forest wastelands
    (Wastelands Atlas 2005, NRSA)
  • Land under Desertification 105 m ha 85 m ha in
    Drylands (DSM Atlas, ISRO) Tree planting most
    suitable in-
  • Water Erosion 34 m. ha.
  • (highest risk hot spot hydrological hazards,
    GEO4)
  • Vegetal Degradation 32 m. ha.
  • Similar figures arrived at by NBLUSS

7
Opportunities land (contd.)
  • Large area of abandoned / highly degraded
    shifting cultivation lands (north east and
    eastern India) where edible and non-edible oil
    tree crops cultivation and value-chain possible
  • Equally large area in cold arid and semi-arid
    regions, where wild fruit tree / shrub
    cultivation and value-chain possible
  • Available land concentrated in high poverty
    regions AP, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand
    (partner States
  • Agro-forestry most suitable for-
  • 55 million agricultural holdings
  • Net area sown 145 million ha
  • Sizeable lands with Govt. deptts. and PSUs

8
Constraints
  • Insufficient financial resources
  • Requirement Rs. 8500 Cr. per year (approx. US2.2
    billion)
  • Availability Mostly budgetary support Rs. 1600
    crores per year (1/5th of the requirement)
  • Poor linkages with enterprise-based models
  • Secondary (higher order processing) and tertiary
    (value-chain) services activities - poor at
    national level, non-existent in forest-fringe
    areas
  • Weak RD, and extension
  • Scientific, bio-technological and industrial
    technology for applied small-scale forestry weak
    incentives for private RD
  • Negligible extension of available technologies
  • Non-existent forums for wider sharing of
    community-based best practices, indigenous
    technologies, private RD efforts

9
GOVERNANCE REFORMS(i) Rationalization of
Felling Transit Rules
ECOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE ?
  • Rationalization of regulations relating to
    felling and transit of trees grown on private
    lands MoEF Guidelines dated 15 Dec04 of Graded
    Restrictions

ORIGIN ?
RESTRICTION SCALE
10
Other Policy Initiatives
  • Insurance for Tree Growers (less information
    asymmetry, lower moral hazard than agriculture
    crop) ? risk reduced
  • Certification of forest products (promote modern,
    transparent, neutral and specialized markets) ?
    discover better price for the growers/ pr.
    collectors
  • Rationalization of EXIM tariff ? incentives to
    domestic growers up to WTO limits

11
Other Policy Initiatives (contd.)
  • Formation of Spot/ Futures Markets (establish
    easily accessible, neutral trade) ? reduce
    uncertainty, better planning by growers/
    collectors ? discover better price
  • Capital mobilization at FDA level (FDAs may
    borrow funds etc. and invest in JFMCs forests) ?
    sustainable finance
  • Close linkage with others in production sector
    (open opportunities for increased and secured
    livelihoods options)

12
Other Policy Initiatives (contd.)
  • Research, Development and Extension (establish
    farmer friendly protocols and extend through
    Vigyan Kendras) ? assured higher productivity
  • Mass awareness (formulate and implement
    comprehensive Communication Strategy and Media
    Plan focus - farmer, youth, women theme
    economic benefits) ? broad public participation
  • Review and Monitoring (central, state and
    district level) ? coordinated effort for
    time-bound result

13
Programmatic Initiatives
  • Enhanced Allocation
  • National Afforestation Programme Rs. 2000 crores
  • NAEB Eco Task Force Scheme Rs. 250 crores
  • New Scheme (Gram Van Yojana for tree planting on
    non forestlands involving Panchayati Raj
    Institutions) ? Rs. 900 crores
  • Greater decentralisation (Guidelines of NAP
    scheme being modified to decentralize scrutiny to
    States)
  • Closer linkage with other sectors
  • Availability of funds under NREGS (Suggestions
    solicited for amendment in NREGS guidelines)
  • Linkage of JFMCs with schemes of other Ministries
    for value-addition and marketing of products

14
Institutional Set-up
  • State-level
  • Chief Secretary level inter-departmental
    coordination committee ? collective learning and
    adaptive governance (effective learning and
    bridging organisation)
  • Project Implementation level
  • Forest Development Agencies
  • JFM Committees for forest areas ? need for
    consolidation
  • PRIs for non-forest areas
  • RD and Extension
  • ICFRE and ICAR system DBT sponsored research
  • Krishi Vigyan Kendras (Bridging Organisations)
  • National Communication Plan for Increased Tree
    Planting

15
AGENDA FOR DISCUSSION
  • Action taken by States
  • Policy initiatives
  • Augmentation of budgetary resources of forest
    department
  • Access to resources of other schemes
  • Institutional mechanisms for coordination and
    monitoring

16
Thank you!!
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