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Ranking universities: The CHE Approach

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'Ranking and Research Assessment in Higher Education' 12 & 13 ... clear, uncontested rules for calculation of overall score. one rank can make a difference ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ranking universities: The CHE Approach


1
Ranking universitiesThe CHE Approach
Gero Federkeil CHE Centre for Higher Education
Development
International Colloquium Ranking and Research
Assessment in Higher Education 12 13 December
2007, Bruxelles
2
Presentation
  • The CHE Centre for Higher Education Development
  • Rankings Aims and methodology
  • The CHE ranking approach
  • Basic Approach
  • Indicators and data base
  • Publication
  • Impacts

3
I. CHE Center of Higher Education Development
  • private, not-profit organisation
  • founded in 1994 by Bertelsmann Foundation and
    German Rectors Conference
  • purpose promotion of reforms in German higher
    education
  • Ranking of German universities among founding
    tasks of CHE
  • activities
  • HE policy issues
  • consulting
  • ranking, since 1998
  • staff 30 people
  • more information www.che.de

4
I. The CHE ranking tradition
  • First ranking published in 1998 after two years
    of preparation
  • Published in co-operation with media partner
    since 2005 weekly newspaper Die Zeit
  • responsibility for concept data exclusively at
    CHE
  • Zeit publication / distribution
  • High international reputation (Usher Savino,
    Tavenas, OECD)
  • Internationalisation
  • since 2004 Austrian universities
  • 2005 Swiss universities
  • 2006/07 EU-funded pilot project with Dutch/
    Belgian (Flemish) universities
  • 2008 Dutch universities, University
    Bozen/Bolzano (I)

5
II. Rankings Aims and Methodology
  • Ranking refers to a method
  • comprehensive comparison of HEIs by quantitative
    indicators
  • made by external/independant institutions/actors
  • ? Ranking is different from benchmarking /
    evaluation
  • external vs. internal target groups
  • publication of all results vs. confidentiality
  • focus on indicators vs. processes
  • no causal analysis in rankings !

6
II. Rankings
  • rankings differ by target groups, particular
    goals
  • information for prospective students (US News,
    CHE)
  • information about global positioning (Shanghai
    Jiatong, THES)
  • Information for HE community (Germany National
    Science Foundation Ranking of Research Grants,
    CHE Research Ranking)
  • even basis for accreditation (e.g.Nigeria)

Rankings vary in aims and target groups as well
as in terms of what they measure, how they
measure it and how they implicitly define
quality (Usher Savino)
7
II. Rankings Aims and Methodology
Main target group of (most) rankings is least
informed group on higher education ? need for
reduction of complexity of information
Higher education institutions themeselves use
data for comparison ? need for detailed
sophisticated information
Rankings have to find a balance in order to both
reach target group get acceptance within HE
8
II. The most popular ranking ...
clear, unequivocal rank positions
clear, uncontested rules for calculation of
overall score
one rank can make a difference
9
Can we rank universities like this? Some Do!
ranking of whole universities
weights of indicators ?
composite overall score
league table with clear rank positions
10
III. THE CHE approach an alternative
No ranking of whole universities
Ranking of single fields / programmes
No overall score from weighted indicators
Multidimensional ranking
No individual ranks in league tables
11
CHE rankings
CHE ranking data
target group prospective students
target group HE sector
CHE University Ranking
CHE Research Ranking
  • Indicators on
  • teaching
  • resources
  • research
  • Detailed analysis of
  • data/ indicators on
  • research

12
III. The CHE-Ranking Indicators
20 25 indicators ...
13
III. The CHE-Ranking Indicators
... from different data sources
research
14
III. The CHE-RankingIndicators
... facts as well as judgements
teaching
15
III. The CHE ranking Data sources
  • Survey among universities / departments
  • Student survey
  • Professor survey
  • Bibliometric analysis
  • Patent analysis
  • Official higher education statistics

16
III. Publication
analysis DIE ZEIT
differentiation
densification
overview 5 indicators Study Guide
all data Interactive ranking www.das-ranking.de
17
III. The CHE ranking Internet Publication
18
1. Ranking overview
19
1. Ranking overview
Reputation
20
1. Ranking overview
21
2. Detailed results
University Heidelberg, Medicine
22
3. Personal Ranking
Selection of (up to ) 5 indicators
23
3. Personal Ranking
... giving personal weights to indicators
24
3. Personal Ranking
... and the result a personal ranking
25
3. Personal Ranking
... taht looks different with different
indicators
26
III. Impacts Individual
  • 2/3 of students use ranking as one source of
    information
  • differences by fields /types of students
  • law, medicine, engineering
  • humanities
  • studies show ranking covers needs of information
    of prospective students (indicators)

27
III. Impacts Institutional
  • Ranking not used for funding decisions
    /allocation of money !!!
  • Institutions use data (published data
    additional analysis)
  • as a starting point for analysis of strengths and
    weaknesses
  • for internal comparison / benchmarking between
    faculties, incl. contracts between president -
    faculties
  • for external comparison / benchmarking with other
    institutions
  • But ranking helps to identify deficits asking
    questions, but does not give all answers

28
Thank you very much!
More information www.che-ranking.de Mailto
gero.federkeil_at_che-ranking.de
International Colloquium Ranking and Research
Assessment in Higher Education 12 13 December
2007, Bruxelles
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