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EU policies, funds and regulations


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Title: EU policies, funds and regulations

EU policies, funds and regulations
  • Jela Tvrdonova
  • NR 2007

Lisbon strategy 2000
  • The conclusions of the March 2000 European
    Council in Lisbon
  • The basic text defining the Lisbon strategy
    defined a strategy and a broad range of
    objectives and policy tools with the aim of
    making the European Union more competitive.

Lisbon strategy 2000
  • Europe must renew the basis of its
  • competitiveness, increase its growth
  • potential and its productivity and strengthen
  • social cohesion, placing the main emphasis
  • on knowledge, innovation and the
  • optimisation of human capital.
  • To achieve these objectives, the Union must
  • mobilise all appropriate national and
  • Community resources including the
  • Cohesion policy

Lisbon strategy 2000
  • Art. 158 of the Treaty states that, in order
    tostrengthen its economic and social cohesion,
    the Community shall aim at reducing disparities
    between the levels of development of the various
    regions and the backwardness of the least
    favoured regions or islands, including rural

Lisbon strategy 2000
  • The enlargement of the Union to 25 Member States,
    later to 27 or more,presents an unprecedented
    challenge for the competitiveness and internal
    cohesion of the Union.
  • At the same time, some of the poorest parts of
    the new Member States have someof the highest
    growth rates in the Union

Lisbon strategy 2000
  • In meeting the political objectives and in
    particular the key objective of fostering real
  • The actions should be concentrated where needs
    are greatest in pursuit of priorities that
  • growth,
  • competitiveness and
  • employment
  • as set out in the renewed Lisbon strategy.
  • These are also basic principles of the reform of
    cohesion policy for the period 2007- 2013
    presented by the EC in the Third Cohesion Report
    of February 2004 and in budgetary and legislative
    form in July 2004.

Lisbon strategy 2000
  • The success of cohesion policy depends on a range
  • conditions which favour investment in
  • macroeconomic stability,
  • structural and administrative reforms,
  • good governance,
  • a business-friendly climate
  • including the availability of a highly qualified

Re-newed Lisbon Agenda
  • Although the poor economic performance has partly
    been the result of the cyclical slowdowns at
    world level, more needs to be done to stimulate
    economic growth in Europe.
  • In February 2005, the Commission proposed a
  • new Partnership for Growth and Jobs to the
    European Council of March 2005.
  • The Council confirmed its objectives and
    underlined the need to re-launch the Lisbon

Re-newed Lisbon Agenda
  • In the period since the March 2005 European
    Council and the Commission has adopted guidelines
    for the growth and jobs agenda in order to assist
    Member States in developing national reform
  • In parallel, the Commission prepared
  • a Lisbon Community Programme.

Strategic guidelines for the new Cohesion policy
  • For the EU Cohesion policy new strategic
    approach set up in the Strategic guidelines for
    2007 - 2013
  • The Commissions proposals seek improvements in
    two main areas
  • First, the strategic dimension of this policy is
    strengthened to ensure that Community priorities
    (expressed in renewed Lisbon Agenda) are better
    integrated into national and regional development
  • Second, efforts are made to ensure greater
    ownership of cohesion policy on the ground.
  • This is reflected in a reinforced dialogue
    between the Commission, the Member States and the
    regions and in a clearer and more decentralised
    sharing of responsibilities in relation to key
    areas such as
  • financial management and control,
  • promotion public-private partnerships.

Strategic guidelines for the new Cohesion policy
  • The Community Strategic Guidelines have the
    following main characteristics
  • The financial instruments at the disposal of
    Cohesion policy are the Structural Funds (the
    ERDF and the ESF) and the Cohesion Fund.
  • Their key objective is to identify Community
    priorities for support under cohesion policy with
    a view to strengthening synergies and helping to
    deliver, the Lisbon strategy for growth and jobs
  • They concern only the part of national and
    regional investments co-financed by the
    Structural Funds and the Cohesion fund
  • They need to be understood along with relevant
    regultions, which set up the purpose and the
    scope of assistance of each Fund.
  • While the Community Strategic Guidelines seek to
    identify within that scope the areas important
    for the realisation of Community priorities,
    particularly those of the renewed Lisbon
  • They reflect discussion with the Member States
    and within the different Commission services.
  • They create the base for setting up national
    strategic reference frameworks

Contribution of the Cohesion Policy
  • Cohesion policy already contributes to the Lisbon
  • significant macro-economic impact in the less
    developed Member States and regions,
  • multiplier effect on the EU as a whole.
  • contributIONS to the competitiveness of regions
    by tapping underutilised resources and mobilising
    endogenous potential.
  • strengthening economic and political integration
    through, developing infrastructure networks,
  • raising the skills of the Communitys citizens,
  • enhancing the accessibility of remote regions
  • promoting cooperation.

Contribution of the Cohesion Policy
  • There are several ways in which cohesion policy
    can continue to make a significant contribution
    to the Lisbon priorities by
  • Key support for investment in physical and human
    capital to address structural weaknesses,
    particularly in less developed countries and
    regions, thus contributing to an increase in the
    Unions economic and employment growth potential.
  • It is the only policy to provide a stable
    seven-year framework of investment.
  • Developing synergies and complementarities
  • with other Community policies SUCH AS Trans
    European Network projects, environmental and RTD
  • Leverage effect - shifting resources for
    investment to areas where expenditure can have
    the greatest impact and added value.

Contribution of the Cohesion Policy
  • Improving governance via
  • favourising publicprivate partnerships
    improvements in institutional capabilities in
    policy design and delivery
  • The diffusion of an evaluation culture
  • transparency
  • regional cooperation and the exchange of
  • It also contributes to better governance
  • at all levels by improving responsibility and
    ownership of the Lisbon strategy at sub-national

Policies and actions
  • Growth in economic output is essentially
    dependent on two mutualy related drivers, which
    must be boosted simultaneously
  • employment
  • productivity growth.
  • To promote a sustainable development path and
    strengthen competitiveness in the knowledgebased
    economy, it is essential to ensure availability
  • basic infrastructures,
  • increase investment in human capital,
  • promote innovation, including access and
    strategic use of information and communication
    technologies (ICTs).
  • Both tangible and intangible assets are required.

Policies and actions
  • Objectives of Cohesion policy
  • Convergence - the key objective to promote
    growth, enhancing conditions which lead to growth
    rates above the Community average,reducing
    disparities accross EU,
  • Regional competitiveness and employment with the
    aim to anticipate and promote the economic change
    by improving the competitiveness and
    attractiveness of EU regions supporting the
    adaptability of workers and enterprises
    reinforcing participation in the labour market
    and promoting social inclusion.
  • European territorial cooperation - The aim of
    this objective is to promote a stronger
    integration of the territory of the Union in all
    its dimensions (economic, social and cultural).

Policies and actions
  • Convergence
  • Investments and collective services which are
    required to increase long-term competitiveness,
  • Job creation
  • Sustainable development.
  • Up grading and expansion of Infrastructures and
    services in order to open up regional and local
    economies and exploit the opportunities afforded
    by the Single Market.
  • Investment in human capital
  • Increase access to employment
  • Strengthen social inclusion
  • Introduce and implement reform in education and
    training systems.
  • The strengthening of institutional capacities.
  • Modernise and restructure the productive capacity
    of regions by providing services to enterprises,
    particularly SMEs
  • Improving access to finance
  • Promoting RTD and innovation
  • Developing human resources
  • Promoting the penetration, diffusion and take-up
    of ICTs

Policies and actions
  • Regional competitiveness and employment
  • among various urban regions
  • Traditional industrial regions - many with large
    manufacturing firms, high population densities
    and high economic growth rates
  • Regions combinng modern industry and a
    relatively rapidly growing service sector.
  • Areas characterised by a low population density,
    economic development, often driven by small firms
  • The challenges are very similar for all of them
    being confronted by
  • pockets of urban decline and poverty,
  • by congestion and environmental pressure,
  • by the effects of globalisation
  • by the need to adapt to economic change.

Policies and actions
  • Regional competitiveness
  • Wide variation in the economic situation of rural
  • Some with good links to urban centres, with
    agriculture continuing to play a significant
    role, are experiencing increasing economic
    diversification and growing activities in the
    agro-industry or service sector, tourism in
  • Other more remote rural areas are confronted by a
    highly dispersed and ageing population, poor
    infrastructures, inadequate services, and weak
    links with the rest of the economy.

Policies and actions
  • Regional competitiveness
  • The need for concentration on key priorities, and
    in particular on innovation and job creation
  • Investment in human capital can play an important

Policies and actions
  • European territorial cooperation
  • Cohesion policy supports
  • the balanced and sustainable development of the
    territory of the Union at the level of its
  • reduction of the barrier effects through
  • cooperation and the exchange of best practices.
  • These actions are based on
  • shared developmentstrategies of the territories
    concerned (national, regional, local)
  • the networking of the key stakeholders.

Policies and actions
  • Governance
  • The revised Lisbon Strategy calls for
    betterlegislation, policy design and delivery to
    create the conditions for economic growth and job
  • A key element in this regard is the human capital
    of administration and public services at all
    territorial levels.
  • Promoting effective policy design and
    implementation, in close cooperation with all
    relevant stakeholders

Policies and actions
  • Governance
  • To strengthen institutional capacities and
    governance where they are considered to be weak.
  • The rule of law its non-discriminatory,predicable
    and transparent enforcement
  • The assignment and enforcement of tradable
    property rights
  • Public administration which minimises the
    administrative burden for economic agents

Policies and actions
  • Governance
  • To improve the capacity of Member States in
    managing and implementing the cohesion policy.
  • To create an appropriate and effective structures
    in central and regional administrations, which
    are able to perform the tasks related to the
    implementation of the Funds, such as
  • Public procurement,
  • Financial control,
  • Monitoring,
  • Evaluation
  • Prevention of, and fight against, fraud and

Policies and actions
  • Governance
  • Public private partnership at program level - The
    quality of the partnership between all
    stakeholders, including those at regional and
    local level, in the preparation and
    implementation of programmes.
  • In addition, a strong partnership between the
    Commission and the Member States is the basis for
    the determination of cohesion strategy and its
  • Public private partnership at project level
    improves the quality of the implementation and
    subsequent management of projects.
  • Regions are encouraged to develop regional
    development strategies building consensus on the
    objectives to be achieved through regular and
    systematic dialogue with key stakeholders.

Policies and actions
  • Concentration
  • Programmes co-financed by cohesion policy should
    seek to target resources on the following three
  • Improving the attractiveness of Member States
    regions and cities by improving accessibility,
    ensuring adequate quality and level of services,
    and preserving their environmental potential
  • Encouraging innovation, entrepreneurship and the
    growth of the knowledge economy by research and
    innovation capacities, including new information
    and communication technologies and
  • Creating more and better jobs by attracting more
    people into employment or entrepreneurial
    activity, improving adaptability of workers and
    enterprises and increasing investment in human

Policies and actions
  • Concentration
  • The most appropriate mix of investments depends
    on the analysis of the strengths and weaknesses
    of each region.
  • Not all actions presented in the Guidelines will
    be relevant to all regions.
  • The guidelines rather represent a single
    framework which Member States and regions are
    invited to use at the moment of the development
    of national and regional programmes,

Policies and actions
  • Attractiveness of MS
  • Expand and improve transport infrastructures,
    movement of goods, servicesand people including
  • cross border projects, giving priority to
    projects of European interest,
  • European Rail Transport Management System
  • motorways of the sea and to short-sea, shipping
    as a viable alternative to long distanceroad and
    rail transport.
  • the connectivity of landlocked territories to the
    Trans-European network (TEN-T).
  • promoting environmentally sustainable transport
    in urban and between urban areas.

Policies and actions
  • Attractiveness of MS
  • Improve the environmental contribution to growth
    and jobs
  • for investment in infrastructures in the
    Convergence regions,particularly in the NMS, to
    comply with environmental legislation, whether in
    the field of water, waste, and air.
  • ensuring that attractive conditions exist for
  • business and their highly-qualified staff
    ensuring by promoting land-use planning
  • investments in sustainable energy and transport
    covered elsewhere, investments that contribute to
    the EU Kyoto commitments.
  • undertaking risk prevention measures through an
    improved management of natural resources, more
    targeted research and better use of ICTs, and
    more innovative public management policies

Policies and actions
  • Attractiveness of MS
  • Address Europes intensive use of traditional
    energy sources
  • efficiency, and diffusion of low energy intensity
    development models.
  • supporting the development of renewable and
    alternative technologies (wind, solar, biomass)
  • These investments also contribute to the Lisbon
    objective of ensuring that, by 2010, 21 of
    electricity is generated from renewable sources.
  • Help maintain a healthy labour force

Policies and actions
  • Improving knowledge and innovation for growth
  • Structural shift in the economy towards
    knowledge-based activities. This requires
  • to address low levels of Research and
    Technological Development (RTD), especially in
    the private sector (incease from 1,9 to 3 of
  • to promote innovation through new or improved
    products, processes and services which can
    withstand international competition
  • to increase regional capacity to generate and
    absorb new technologies (ICTs in particular)
  • to provide more support for risk-taking.

Policies and actions
  • Improving knowledge and innovation for growth
  • To enhance the RTD absorption capacity of firms,
    and SMEs in particular
  • Direct grants remain important, need to focus on
    the provision of collective business and
    technology services to groups of firms,
  • Direct grants to individual firms should be
    targeted at improving the RTD and innovation
    capacity of the firm, rather than at a temporary
    reduction of its production costs.
  • To encourage the creation and exploitation of a
    larger pool of high-quality research talent in
  • To raise private and public RTD and innovation
  • To encourage RTD partnerships across the
    different regions of the Union.
  • This is particularly important in traditional
    sectors (such as textile, wood, leather,
    agrifood, and ceramics), and in SMEs which
    oftenrepresent the highest source of employment
    at the regional level.
  • National and regional strategies must be based on
    a comprehensive analysis of RTD investment
    opportunities and policies adapted to the
    particular conditions of each region,

Policies and actions
  • Improving knowledge and innovation for growth
    two areas of innovation activities
  • First - helping regions to develop regional
    innovation strategies and action plans which have
    a high potential effect on competitiveness,
  • Second - contributing to increased research and
    innovation capacity in the region up to a level
    where it can participate in trans-national
    projects for research excellence.

Policies and actions
  • Improving knowledge and innovation for growth
  • Increase and improve investment in RTD
  • strengthening co-operation between businesses and
    between businesses and public research
    institutions by supporting the creation of
    regional and trans-regional clusters of
  • setting up of trans-national European technology
  • supporting RTD activities in SMEs and enabling
    SMEs to access RTD services in publicly-funded
    research institutions.

Policies and actions
  • Improving knowledge and innovation for growth
  • Facilitate innovation and promote
  • making regional RTD innovation and education
    supply more efficient and accessible to firms, in
    particular SMEs, for example by establishing
    poles of excellence, bringing together high
    technology SMEs around research and technological
    institutions, or by developing and
  • creating regional clusters around large
  • ensuring business support services to enable
    enterprises, and in particular SMEs, to increase
    competitiveness and to internationalise, notably
    (e.g. technology transfer, science parks, ICT
    communication centres, incubators and related
    services, co-operation with clusters)
  • Give more traditional support in the areas of
    management, marketing, technical
    support,recruitment, and other professional and
    commercial services.
  • ensuring full exploitation of European
    strengthsthe domain of eco-innovations. through
    the introduction of environmental management
  • Clear link to the Framework Programme for
    Competitiveness and Innovation.
  • Promoting entrepreneurship, facilitating the
    creation and development of new firms, and
    promoting spin-out and spin-off companies from
    research institutions or firms through a variety
  • techniques.

Policies and actions
  • Improving knowledge and innovation for growth
  • Promote the information society for all
  • ensuring uptake by firms and households of ICTs
  • promoting support for the supply and demand of
    ICT products and services.
  • promote an open and competitive digital economy

Policies and actions
  • Improving knowledge and innovation for growth
  • Improve the access to finance
  • Supporting non-grant instruments such as loans,
    secured debt financing for subordinate
    convertible instruments and risk capital
  • outreaching to specific groups, such as young or
    female entrepreneurs or those from disadvantaged
    groups including ethnic minorities.

Policies and actions
  • More and better jobs
  • In accordance with regulations, the priorities of
    the Community Strategic Guidelines on cohesion in
    the sphere of employment and human resources
    shall be those of the European Employment
    Strategy highlights three priorities for action
  • to attract and retain more people in employment
    and modernise social protection systems
  • to improve adaptability of workers and
    enterprises and the flexibility of the labour
  • to increase investment in human capital through
    better education and skills, and through enhanced
    administrative capacity at national, regional and
    local level.

Policies and actions
  • More and better jobs
  • Attract and retain more people in employment and
    modernise social protection systems
  • achieving full employment, improving quality and
    productivity at work, and strengthening social
    and territorial cohesion
  • promote a lifecycle approach to work
  • ensure inclusive labour markets for jobseekers
    and disadvantaged people
  • improve matching of labour market needs.
  • Modernisation of labour market institutions,
  • Supporting occupational and geographic mobility
  • Special attention to youth, women, social
    inclusion and discrimination
  • Livehood learning strategies
  • Low skilled and older workers

Policies and actions
  • More and better jobs
  • Increase investment in human capital through
    better education and skills
  • expand and improve investment in human capital
  • adapt education and training systems in response
    to new competence requirements.

Policies and actions
  • Territorial cohesion and cooperation
  • The contribution of cities to growth and jobs
  • Supporting the economic diversification of rural
    areas (entrepreneurship, local employment and
    community development, an integrated approach
  • Cooperation cross border, transnational and

Funds/instruments and regulations
  • The new instruments for the reformed Cohesion
    Policy 2007-2013
  • European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).
  • European Social Fund (ESF).
  • Cohesion Fund.
  • European grouping of cross-border co-operation

Funds/instruments and regulations
  • European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).
  • The role of the ERDF is
  • to promote investment
  • to help reduce regional imbalances across the
  • Funding priorities would include
  • research,
  • innovation,
  • environmental issues and risk prevention,
  • infrastructure, especially in the least developed

Funds/instrumnets and regulations
  • European Social Fund (ESF).
  • supports policies and priorities aimed at
  • achieving more and better jobs,
  • improving quality and productivity at work,
  • promoting social inclusion and cohesion
  • The Fund is implemented in line with the
    guidelines and recommendations under the European
    Employment Strategy (EES).

Funds/instrumnets and regulations
  • Cohesion Fund.
  • contributes to interventions in the field of the
    environment and trans-European networks. It
    applies to Member States with a Gross National
    Income (GNI) of less than 90 of the Community
  • On current statistics, it covers 10 NMS as well
    as Greece and Portugal.
  • It contributes alongside the ERDF to multi-annual
    investment programmes managed in a decentralised
    way, rather than being subject to individual
    project approval at the level of the Commission.

Funds/instruments and regulations
  • European grouping of cross-border co-operation
    (EGCC) new legal instrument.
  • Contributes to overcoming existing obstacles
    hindering cross-border co-operation,
  • An optional framework for the creation of
    European authorities for co-operation.
  • These would be invested with legal personality
    for the implementation of cross-border
    co-operation programmes and based on al
    convention agreed between the participating
    national, regional, local or other public
  • More information http//

Funds/instruments and regulations
  • The list of regulations
  • Council Regulation (EC) No 1083/2006 of 11 July
    2006 laying down general provisions on the
    European Regional Development Fund, the European
    Social Fund and the Cohesion Fund and repealing
    Regulation (EC) No 1260/1999
  • Regulation (EC) No 1080/2006 of the European
    Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2006 on
    the European Regional Development Fund and
    repealing Regulation (EC) No 1783/1999
  • Regulation (EC) No 1081/2006 of the European
    Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2006 on
    the European Social Fund and repealing Regulation
    (EC) No 1784/1999
  • Regulation (EC) No 1082/2006 of the European
    Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2006 on a
    European grouping of territorial cooperation
  • Council Regulation (EC) No 1084/2006 of 11 July
    2006 establishing a Cohesion Fund and repealing
    Regulation (EC) No 1164/94

Funds/instruments and regulations
The EU Budget
  • What does the EU Budget look like?
  • The EU budget is published in two volumes in all
    official languages of the Union.
  • Volume I provides a detailed statement of EU
    budget revenue as well as the revenue and
    expenditure of each of the institutions, apart
    from the European Commission, in sections ordered
    according to their order in the Treaties. It
    covers the European Parliament (Section I), the
    Council (Section II), the Court of Justice
    (Section IV), the European Court of Auditors
    (Section V), the European Economic and Social
    Committee (Section VI), the Committee of the
    Regions (Section VII), the European Ombudsman and
    European Data-protection Supervisor (Section
  • Volume II covers all Commission revenue and
    expenditure (Section III) linked to EU policies.
    Appropriations entered in sections other than
    Section III are of administrative nature.
  • Relevant documents are published on a regular
    basis from the time that the Commission brings
    forward the preliminary draft budget in late
    April or early May until the adopted budget is
    published in February of the year in question.

The EU Budget
  • Structured according to policy areas
  • The appropriations for EU policies, the
    operational budget, are contained in Volume II
    (Section III European Commission).
  • Since 2004, this section is activity based (ABB
    short for activity-based budgeting) the budget
    is divided into some 30 policy areas, each of
    which described within a title.
  • Each title is broken down into chapters (each
    corresponding to an activity), which in turn may
    be broken down into articles, and those in turn,
    where necessary, into items.
  • The equivalence of activity and chapter provides
    the link between policies and the necessary
    resources for these policies.
  • The cost of each policy can be estimated from the
    budget in this form.
  • The Commission establishes objectives for each
    activity in its annual management plans.

The EU Budget
  • The present financial framework (2007-2013)
    comprises six headings
  • 1. Sustainable growth
  • 1a. Competitiveness for growth and employment
  • 1b. Cohesion for growth and employment
  • 2. Preservation and management of natural
  • 3. Citizenship, freedom, security and justice
  • 3a. Freedom, security and justice
  • 3b. Citizenship
  • 4. The European Union as a global player
  • 5. Administration
  • 6. Compensations (related to the latest
    enlargement of the Union)

The EU Budget
  • ACTS
  • Commission communication of 10 February 2004
    "Building our common future - Policy challenges
    and budgetary means of the enlarged Union
    2007-2013" COM(2004) 101 final - Not published
    in the Official Journal
  • Commission communication of 14 July 2004 to the
    Council and the European Parliament "Financial
    Perspectives 2007 - 2013" COM(2004) 487 - Not
    published in the Official Journal

The EU Budget
  • Priorities for the financial framework 2007-2013
  • Promoting sustainable development. This means
    completing the internal market and mobilising the
    various policies (economic, social and
    environmental) to that end. The objectives of
    competitiveness , cohesion and the protection and
    management of natural resources also fall under
    this heading
  • Giving meaning to the concept of European
    citizenship by completing the area of freedom,
    justice and security and ensuring access to basic
    public goods and services
  • Promoting a coherent role for Europe as a global

The EU Budget
  • Promoting sustainable development
  • The competitiveness for growth and employment
    component, with a budget of EUR 133 billion,
  • Greater cohesion for growth and employment, the
    second component of Heading 1, with a budget of
    approximately EUR 339 billion

The EU Budget
  • The heading sustainable management and protection
    of natural resources is to receive a total of EUR
    405 billion for the period 2007-2013, of which
    72 for agriculture (EUR 301 billion).
  • Key actions are the common agricultural policy
    (CAP), rural development policy and fisheries

The EU Budget
  • The share of the heading citizenship, freedom,
    security and justice in the financial perspective
    will increase over the years and amount to EUR 25
    billion over the period as a whole.
  • The heading the European Union as a global
    partner A total of EUR 95 billion is allocated.

The EU Budget
  • Three instruments directly support European
    external policies (94 EUR bilion)
  • the Pre-Accession Policy (IPA),
  • the European Neighbourhood and Partnership
  • the Development Cooperation and Economic
    Cooperation Instrument, which will be the main
    means of cooperation with other non-EU countries
    not covered by the first two instruments.

The EU Budget
The EU Budget
The EU Budget
Thank you for your attention!
Jela Tvrdonova 00421