The 2001 Environmental Sustainability Index - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The 2001 Environmental Sustainability Index PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 12d45f-YWU0Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The 2001 Environmental Sustainability Index

Description:

Why the sudden increase in demand for measures of national environmental performance? ... Economic Solvency. Interlocking synergies with. Firm-level measurements ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:51
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 32
Provided by: Marc180
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The 2001 Environmental Sustainability Index


1
The 2001 Environmental Sustainability Index
  • Implications for Environmental Performance
    Measurement

Marc Levy Center for International Earth Science
Information Network, Columbia University Canadian
Pollution Prevention Roundtable 7 June 2001
2
Guiding questions
  • Why the sudden increase in demand for measures of
    national environmental performance?
  • Who is creating this demand, and who is helping
    meet it?
  • How can environmental sustainability be measured?
  • Where are the areas of especially good, and
    especially poor, performance?
  • What is in store in the future?

3
Why measure environmental sustainability?
  • Environmental Sustainability has widespread
    appeal as an objective
  • Measurement is very poor
  • Hinders ability to
  • Track performance against objectives
  • Identify sources of effective innovation
  • Set priorities
  • Identify tradeoffs

4
(No Transcript)
5
Why measure environmental sustainability?
  • National Environmental Conditions have been
    linked to
  • Political Instability
  • Infectious Disease Epidemics
  • Economic Solvency
  • Interlocking synergies with
  • Firm-level measurements
  • Driven by investors, managers and regulators
  • Local and regional measurements
  • Driven by quality of life and public policy
    concerns (e.g. trade)

6
Who is involved?
  • Global network involving
  • Corporations
  • Scientists
  • NGOs
  • International Organizations
  • Governments
  • Coalitions
  • World Economic Forum
  • World Business Council on Sustainable Development

7
Who is involved
  • Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI) is a
    partnership involving
  • World Economic Forum
  • Yale University
  • Columbia University
  • Pilot ESI released at 2000 Davos meeting
  • Full ESI released at January 2001 Davos meeting

8
Top ten
How can environmental sustainability be measured?
Bottom ten
1 Finland 2 Norway 3 Canada 4 Sweden 5 Switzerland
6 New Zealand 7 Australia 8 Austria 9 Iceland 10
Denmark
113 Madagascar 114 Vietnam 115 Rwanda 116 Kuwait 1
17 Nigeria 118 Libya 119 Ethiopia 120 Burundi 121
Saudi Arabia 122 Haiti
9
Methodology Guiding Principles
  • Create ESI in a systematic, transparent, and
    reproducible manner.
  • Be faithful to scientific literature as well as
    relevant to the major policy debates.
  • Be applicable to a wide range of situations and
    conditions.
  • Make use of what can actually be measured today
    but leave room for movement tomorrow.

10
  • 22 Indicators
  • Air Quality
  • Water Quantity
  • Water Quality
  • Biodiversity
  • Terrestrial Systems
  • Reducing Air Pollution
  • Reducing Water Stress
  • Reducing Ecosystem Stress
  • Reducing Waste and Consumption Pressures
  • Reducing Population Stress
  • International Commitment
  • Global-Scale Funding/Participation
  • Protecting International Commons
  • Science/Technology
  • Capacity for Debate
  • Regulation and Management
  • Environmental Information
  • Eco-Efficiency
  • Reducing Public Choice Failures
  • Private Sector Responsiveness
  • Basic Sustenance
  • Environmental Health

11
Adding it all up
  • For each of the 22 indicators, we identified 2-6
    variables to serve as quantitative measures (67
    total)
  • We weighted the indicators equally in computing
    the Index

67 variables
22 indicators
Index
12
Example environmental health
13
Variable scores are averaged to get indicator
scores
14
ESI 2001 Makes Country-Level Data Available
  • 122 countries
  • Across 22 indicators
  • With reference to income-based peer groups

15
ESI Ranking
16
5 Core Components
.l
ssssssssssssssssss
Malawi
Canada
17
22 indicators
Malawi
18
22 indicators
Canada
19
Analysis of Economy-Environment Relationship
  • Does environmental sustainability rise or fall
    with growing income?
  • Can poor countries afford good environmental
    performance?

20
Does environmental sustainability rise or fall
with growing income?
  • In general, higher levels of income are
    associated with higher ESI scores

90
Canada
80
70
France
UK
USA
Russia
Japan
Germany
60
Italy
50
India
40
China
30
ESI
20
40000
30000
20000
10000
0
GDP per capita (PPP), 1998
21
But richer countries arent good at everything
22
Can poor countries afford good environmental
performance?
.
23
Corporate-level rankings surprisingly highly
correlated with ESI
24
Corruption also highly correlated
25
CONCLUSION Governance Matters!
26
What is in store next?
  • Widespread demand for ESI as measurement tool
  • Translated into Spanish, Arabic, other languages
    summaries appeared in widespread foreign press
  • Subject of high-level review within governments,
    international organizations, and corporations
  • Now that concrete measures are available, wide
    range of uses under consideration
  • Investment tool
  • Political risk tool
  • Research tool
  • Planning tool

27
(No Transcript)
28
2002 ESI
  • Under preparation for January, 2002 release
  • Major press will publish regularly as part of
    book on environmental performance measurements

29
Why these trends will continue
  • Investor demand
  • Growing sense that environmental conditions are
    useful metrics for judging investments
  • Public demand
  • Growing sense of shared environmental
    responsibility
  • Supply-side developments
  • Easier to measure many environmental things today

30
Why these trends will continue
  • Legal/Regulatory changes
  • Increased appearance of mandated sustainability
    objectives and reporting requirements across
    multiple sectors
  • Changing coalitions
  • World business leaders, NGOs, scientists, elected
    officials, administrative officials and others
    are helping to drive this process, in concert
    with broad range of social actors

31
Summary
  • Multiple constituencies care about the
    environmental sustainability of nations
  • Environmental sustainability can now be measured
  • The availability of new measurements has
    solidified new coalitions that make widespread
    use of such measures inescapable
  • The future promises deeper integration of
    sustainability measures into corporate,
    government and consumer decisions
About PowerShow.com