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Victorian Era

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But the changes during Queen Victoria's long reign occurred in a period of ... What has made prudery synonym for Victorianism? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Victorian Era


1
Victorian Era
  • 1837-1901

2
Change and Stability
  • Many Victorians thought of themselves as living
    in a time of great
  • CHANGE
  • But the changes during Queen Victoria's long
    reign occurred in a period of
  • RELATIVE POLITICAL AND SOCIAL STABILITY.
  • Britain had nearly years 100 of
    peace
  • The industrial revolution of the 18th-century
    created
  • NEW TOWNS, NEW GOODS, WEALTH, NEW JOBS FOR TENS
    OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE
  • Even though middle-class and working-class
    politicians achieved political power
  • MONOARCHY AND ARISTOCRACY remain in place.
  • Macaulay thought history meant
  • PROGRESS and PROGRESS meant MATERIAL IMPROVEMENT

3
Problems
  • Middle-class Victorians prided themselves on two
    things
  • THEIR MATERIAL ADVANCES AND ON THEIR ABILITY TO
    SOLVE SOCIAL PROBLEMS
  • The first decade of Victoria's reign was
    troubled--- the period came to be known as
  • HUNGRY FORTIES
  • A million unemployed workers and their families
    were on
  • POOR RELIEF
  • Government commissions investigating working
    conditions learned of
  • CHILD ABUSES IN WORKING CONDITIONS
  • POTATO BLIGHT caused a famine that killed A
    MILLION PEOPLE
  • and forced TWO MILLION MORE TO EMIGRATE

4
More Problems
  • The rapid growth of the city's made them
  • FILTHY AND DISORDERLY
  • Explain what happened in the 1840s
  • CITIES EXPANDED RAPIDLY,
  • THE RIVER WAS POLLUTED BY SEWAGE, INDUSTRIAL
    WASTE, AND DRAINAGE FROM GRAVE YARDS.
  • Despite all this, what did most middle-class
    Victorians believe?
  • THINGS WERE BETTER THAN IN THE PAST
  • AND THEY WERE GOING TO BE BETTER YET IN THE
    FUTURE
  • What was their opinion founded on?
  • A STEADY IMPROVEMENT THROUGHOUT THE ERA IN THE
    MATERIAL CONDITION OF PEOPLE IN ALL SOCIAL
    CLASSES.
  • Trivia What was a Victorian invention?
  • MARGARINE

5
Improvements
  • What did the second Reform Act in 1867 do?
  • GAVE RIGHT TO VOTE TO ALL WORKING CLASS MEN
    EXCEPT AGRICULTURUAL WORKERS
  • What did Factory Acts do?
  • LIMITED CHILD LABOR
  • AND REDUCED USUAL WORKING DAY TO 10 HOURS,
  • WITH HALF-HOLIDAY ON SATURDAY
  • What happened to literacy during this time
    period?
  • MORE THAN 90 OF POPULATION WAS LITERATE

6
Beliefs of the day
  • What has made prudery synonym for Victorianism?
  • OBSESSION WITH GENTILITY OR DECORUM (GOOD
    MANNERS, MODESTY)
  • What did book publishers and magazine editors do?
  • DELETED ALTERED WORDS OR PHRASES THAT MIGHT
    BRING A BLUSH TO THE CHEEK OF A YOUNG PERSON
  • What happened in or in popular fiction?
  • SOFTENED BIRTH, DEATH, AND SEX
  • Relationship between men women in authority and
    jobs
  • WOMEN WERE SUBJECT TO MALE AUTHORITY AND
  • EXPECTED TO MARRY AND BE HOUSEWIVES WHILE
    THEIR HUSBANDS WORKED OUTSIDE THE HOME
  • Explain what advances in science and technology
    did.
  • CONVINCED 19TH CENTURY INTELLECTURALS AND
    REFORMERS THAT HUMAN EFFORTS COULD OVERCOME ALL
    MATERIAL PROBLEMS.

7
  • What were some of the questions the Victorians
    asked and why?
  • WHETHER MATERIAL COMFORT FULLY SATISFIED HUMAN
    NEEDS AND WISHES
  • THE COST OF EXPLOITING THE EARTH AND HUMAN BEINGS
    TO ACHIEVE SUCH COMFORT.
  • PROTESTED OR MOCKED CODES OF DECORUM AND
    AUTHORITY.
  • Who were the Victorians?
  • WORKSHOP OF THE WORLD WITH THEIR MECHANIZED
    FACTORY SYSTEM
  • MOVED TO CITIES
  • LITERATE WITH EXPANDED EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES
  • ADVANCES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • INDUSTRIALIZATION HAD A HEAVY COST ON THEM
  • MATERIALISM OF THE ERA MADE PEOPLE QUESTION THE
    CHANGES AND DEFINITION OF PROGRESS

8
  • When the trust in a transcendental power
    inherited from the Romantics eroded. What did it
    give way to and what did late Victorian writers
    turn to?
  • IT GAVE WAY TO UNCERTAINTY AND SPIRITIUAL DOUBT.
  • LATE-VICTORIAN WRITERS TURNED TO A PESSIMISTIC
    EXPLORATION OF THE HUMAN STRUGGLE AGAINST
    INDIFFERENT NATURAL FORCES
  • What does Victorian writing reflect?
  • DANGERS AND BENEFITS OF RAPID INDUSTRIALIZATION
    WHILE ENCOURAGING READERS TO EXAMINE CLOSELY
    THEIR OWN UNDERSTANDING OF THE ERAS PROGRESS
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