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The topic sentence is explained

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Many paragraphs begin or end with topic sentences. ... We have poisoned and trapped, and burned them. Scientists have used germ warfare. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The topic sentence is explained


1
From Topic Sentence to Paragraph
  • The topic sentence is explained
  • by the detail sentences
  • in the paragraph.

2
What is the topic sentence?
  • The topic sentence states the main idea of the
    paragraph.
  • Many paragraphs begin or end with topic
    sentences.
  • Very often, the topic statement is proven by the
    many detail sentences that follow it in the
    paragraph.

What is the point of the sign in the doctors
office?
3
Begin with a topic sentence then explain it.
  • For centuries rats have survived all human
    effort to destroy them. We have poisoned and
    trapped, and burned them. Scientists have used
    germ warfare. Rats even survived atomic bomb
    tests conducted on a Pacific island after World
    War II. People have tried to kill them, but
    these enemies prove that they are the most
    indestructible of pests.

4
Developing a Paragraph
A topic sentence may be developed by giving
examples.
A topic sentence may be developed by telling
an incident
  • A topic sentence may be developed by giving
    details.

5
Unity in the Paragraph
Every sentence in a paragraph should support the
main idea expressed in the topic sentence.
main idea
sentence
sentence
sentence
sentence
6
The concluding or clincher sentence
  • Restate the topic sentence in different words.
  • A clincher sentence or concluding sentence
    clinches the point made in the paragraph.
  • It summarizes the paragraph.

7
Coherence in a Paragraph
  • Stick to the point The ideas have a clear and
    logical relation to each other.
  • Put details or examples or incidents in logical
    order.

4
3
2
1
chronological
in relation to each other
in order of importance
8
Connecting Sentences Within the Paragraph
Transition words
chronological order first meanwhile later afterwar
ds finally
objects in relation to one another next to in
front of beside between behind
in order of importance however furthermore as a
result in fact yet
9
Types of Paragraphs
  • The narrative paragraph
  • tells a story
  • The persuasive paragraph.
  • tries to convince the audience
  • The descriptive paragraph
  • describes something
  • The expository or explanatory paragraph
  • gives information or explains something

10
What will your life be like in five years?
  • Directions
  • Write a paragraph of five-to-eight sentences to
    answer What will your life be like in five
    years? 
  • In your first sentence, point out that there are
    some changes that will happen. 
  • Next, identify what the changes are that you
    expect to happen in five years. 
  • Then add three-to-five support sentences to prove
    or explain your idea. 
  • End with a concluding sentence that comments on
    your point of view. 
  • Last, fix spelling and grammar to make your
    paragraph well-written. 

11
What my life will be like.
  • Example
  • In life, there are always going to be some
    changes.  In the next five years, my life is
    going to change a lot.  It will change because I
    will graduate from college.  When I graduate from
    college, I will get a new, higher-level job.  I
    will not be a regular worker anymore.  Instead, I
    will have an office job because I will know
    English very well.  I also will start to live a
    great life because I will have more money and
    more opportunities.  The best way to get ahead in
    the USA is to get a good education.
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