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Political Cartoon Questions

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CLEARly TAKsing: A Review of Test Taking Strategies ... 2. Receive the incomings. 3. See, too, that the dry corn is in good condition for making food. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Political Cartoon Questions


1
CLEARly TAKsing A Review of Test Taking
Strategies
Presentation adapted from one by Mary Smith,
Cy-Fair ISD
2
QAR Question Answer Relation
RIGHT THERE
THINK AND SEARCH
ON MY OWN
RIGHT THERE easy to find, in the same
sentence (who, what, when, where) THINK AND
SEARCH in the reading but not in the same
sentence (how to do, how many) AUTHOR AND ME
not in the reading I must think how to use
clues from the text to figure out the
answer. ON MY OWN not there I dont need the
reading to answer the question. I already
know the answer from my background knowledge.
BOOK
AUTHOR AND ME
BRAIN
1. Read the question first. 2. Decide which of
the 4 QAR methods to use. 3. Find the answer
in the text OR use my thinking skills
OR use my memory.
3
  • PLORE
  • Read
  • all the questions.
  • Highlight key words.
  • P Predict.
  • Highlight title, subheadings.
  • Write what you think it will be about use
    the title.
  • L Locate.
  • Highlight vocabulary words with sentence.
  • Highlight sequence words.
  • O Organize
  • Number each paragraph.
  • Circle number when you finish reading that
    paragraph.
  • R Read, Reread, Remember -

4
Quotation Attack Skills
I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend
to the death your right to say it.

Voltaire.
  • 1. Use QAR. Read the question. What is the
    question
  • asking?
  • 2. Determine the historical issue/event in the
    quote.
  • 3. LOOK FOR ?Location reference
  • ? Time reference
  • ? Gender
  • ? Race
  • ? Religion
  • ? Ethnicity
  • ? Point of View
  • 4. Read the answers and eliminate the wrong
    choices.
  • 5. Choose the MOST CORRECT answer.

5
Drawing Conclusions from Multiple Speakers
  • 1. Use QAR. Read the question to identify which
    speaker(s) is needed to
  • answer the question.
  • 2. Read only the speaker(s) needed to answer the
    question.
  • 3. Read ALL the possible answers CAREFULLY.
  • 4. Eliminate the answers that do not apply to
    the speaker(s).
  • 5. Choose the answer that is MOST CORRECT. (Look
    for key words / synonyms)
  • Speaker A In A Vindication of the Rights of
    Women, I presented an argument for the education
    of women. I also declared that women should have
    the same political rights as men.
  • Speaker B As an aristocratic philosopher I was
    devoted to the study of political liberty. In my
    famous book On the Spirit of the Laws, I proposed
    that separation of powers would keep any
    individual or group from gaining total control of
    a government.
  • Speaker C I strongly disagree with other
    philosophers on a number of matters. For
    instance, although most philosophers believe that
    reason, science, and art improve the lives of all
    people, I argue that civilization corrupts
    peoples natural goodness.
  • Speaker D I think people are reasonable beings.
    I support self-government and argue that the
    purpose of government is to protect the natural
    rights of people. If government fails to protect
    these natural rights citizens have the right to
    overthrow it.

Which speaker had the greatest impact on Thomas
Jefferson as he drafted the Declaration of
Independence? A. Speaker A. B. Speaker
B. C. Speaker C. D. Speaker D.
6
Drawing Conclusions Making Inferences
  • 1. Read the selection carefully to understand
    all of the facts.
  • 2. Decide the meaning of the selection.
  • 3. Try to find facts in the selection that
    support your choice for the answer.

European nations were eager to gain control of
the lands that were new to them. Spain and
Portugal agreed to divided the entire
non-Christian world between themselves. What
inference can you make regarding the European
attitude toward peoples in the lands that were
new to them? A. Native cultures are not as
valuable as European cultures. B. Europe
valued South American the most C. Native
cultures in South America were more
important than cultures in North America. D.
Christianity did not exist outside of Europe.
Read to see what is suggested by
the facts, but may not actually be stated.
Read between the lines to analyze the
selection.
7
Comparing / Contrasting Multiple Charts
1. Identify what the question is asking. (Hint
You may not need to look at both charts.) 2. Read
the titles on the Chart. 3. Read the data in the
charts look for relationships. 4. Eliminate the
wrong answers. 5. Choose the MOST CORRECT answer.
American Revolution Belief in Enlightenment
values, such as natural rights Tradition of
limited government Relative cooperation among
social groups Experience in self-government
through colonial assemblies
French Revolution Belief in Enlightenment values,
such as natural rights Tradition of strong,
central authority Social upheaval and struggle
among classes Little experience in
self-government by popular assemblies
How are the American and French Revolutions
similar? A. Both revolutions happened the same
year. B. Both revolutions had fixed social
classes. C. Both embodied the beliefs of the
Enlightenment. D. Both had experience with
self-government.
8
Comparing / Contrasting Multiple Visuals
1. Use QAR. Identify what the question is
asking. 2. Read the titles on the visuals. 3.
Examine the data in the visuals look for
relationships. 4. Eliminate the wrong answers. 5.
Choose the MOST CORRECT answer.
An inference that can be drawn from examining the
visuals is A. All industrial centers had
tremendous growth. B. Only centers near both iron
and coal deposits grew. C. All industrial centers
on the coast grew the most. D. Location of iron
and coal caused many industrial centers to grow.
9
Multiple Choice Questions
  • 1. Use QAR. Read the question. Do you already
    know the answer?
  • 2. Ask yourself - Do I need the visual to
    answer the question?
  • 2. Read ALL the choices before selecting an
    answer.
  • 3. Eliminate the answers that do not fit.
  • 4. Select the MOST CORRECT answer.

WATCH FOR context clues
subject / verb agreement
negative words - not, except
time sequence - earliest to latest
/ latest to earliest does your choice
answer the question?

Who wrote Two Treatises on Government? a.
Locke c. Montesquieu b.
Voltaire d. Rousseau

10
How to Handle Questions that Have Info You Have
Never Seen
  • 1. DO NOT PANIC! Do not focus on the info you
    do not recognize.
  • 2. Focus only on the info you know.
  • 3. Use QAR. What is the question asking?
  • 4. Eliminate the answers that do not apply.
  • 5. Choose the MOST CORRECT answer.

Xenophone Expounds on a Womans Duties
  • From Xenophones philosophy, it can be inferred
    that a womans position in the family was---
  • A. That of breadwinner
  • B. That of accountant
  • C. That of caretaker
  • D. That of cook
  • The correct answer is C.

1. Assume larger portion of affection for newborn
babies than the man. 2. Receive the incomings. 3.
See, too, that the dry corn is in good condition
for making food. 4. See that any servant who is
ill is cared for.
11
Using the OPTIC system
  • The five letters in the word OPTIC (pertaining to
    the eye) provide a system for remembering the
    five steps for analyzing a visual
  • O is for overview
  • Conduct a brief overview of the visual.
  • P is for parts
  • Focus on the parts of the visual.
  • Read all labels.
  • Notice any details that seem important.
  • T is for title
  • Read the title of the visual for a clear
    understanding of the subject.
  • I is for interrelationships
  • Use the title to help identify the main idea
    or the big umbrella that connects
  • the parts of the visual.
  • C is for conclusion
  • Draw a conclusion about the visual as a
    whole.
  • What does it mean? -- Why was is included?
  • Summarize the visual in one or two
    sentences.

12
Political Cartoon Questions
  • 1. Title
  • 2. Captions
  • Labels
  • 3. Symbols
  • 4. Caricatures
  • (exaggerated facial features)
  • 5. Stereotyping
  • 6. MAIN IDEA (meaning/message/issue)

13
Reading a Graph
  • Bar Graph
  • Line Graph
  • Circle Graph

Graphs (Charts) are combinations of symbols,
words, and numbers that show information in a
clear and simple way.

1. Read the title.
2.
Identify the main idea.
3. Identify
the symbols.
4. Look for the
legend. (On line graphs bar
graphs Read the x and y descriptors.)
14
Hints for a pie graph the circle
represents the whole. the slices represent
parts of the whole (subgroups).
Hints for a bar graph They commonly
measure quantities or amounts of data.
They make it easy to compare information.
Carefully read x and y axes - and
what they represent.
  • Hints for a line graph
  • They commonly measure quantities
  • or amounts of data.
  • They are used to make more specific comparisons.
  • Carefully read x and y axes -
  • and what they represent.

15
Cause and Effect
  • 1. Use QAR. Read the question carefully - Is it
    asking for cause or effect?
  • 2. Predict an answer.
  • 3. Read all the choices carefully.
  • 4. Pay close attention to words such as
  • CAUSE EFFECT
  • because consequently
  • as basis for leading to
  • due to resulted in
  • since major result
  • therefore affect / effect
  • before in response to
  • if then
  • after
  • 5. Be sure to notice negative words, such as
    except for, is not, excluding.
  • 6. Choose the MOST CORRECT answer.

16
Cause Effect Example
  • How did Chandra Guptas conquests help his
    empire?
  • A. It increased the population.
  • B. It gave him control of important trade routes.
  • C. It introduced them to Buddhism and
    Christianity.
  • D. It provided better land for agricultural
    uses.
  • Correct Answer is B

When Chandra Gupta came to the throne in
375 the Gupta Empire stretched along the north
of India from the mouth of the Ganges River at
the Bay of Bengal to central India. In just over
a decade, Chandra Gupta had conquered the land of
the Sakas to the west. As a result of these
victories, the empire gained the important
cities of Gujarat and Ujjain. Gujarat was one of
several important ports on the Arabian Sea. Due
to taking them, the Gupta Empire now had access
to the rich trade of Southwest Asia and points
west. Trade goods moved north from these ports to
Ujjain. However, this ancient city was more than
just an important trading center. It was one of
the 7 sacred cities of Hinduism.
17
Identifying Trends
These questions involve historical changes over
time. These are big picture concepts that
bridge more than one time period.
Individual Craftsman
Mass Production
  • Use historical people, events, and important
    dates as clues to help you identify the time
    period.
  • Example
  • ? Domestic Systems (1600s)
    ? Factory System (1800s)
  • (Production in the home)
    (Production in a central
  • location)

1.
Key words are words that imply change, such
as ?has led to
?account for ?best
supported by.
2.
Look for descriptive words that describe the
feelings of that time. Look for
emotional words.
3.
4.
The BEST answer will logically answer the
question.
HINT Does your answer make sense?
18
How To Read a Timeline
  • Timelines are lines that are divided into time
    periods (eras) where events are placed in
    chronological order (when it happens.)

Note Timelines can be broken down into decades
10 years century 100 years age/era period
of time that has specific characteristics
that sets it apart BCE/CE Before the Common
Era/Common Era BC/AD Before Christ/Anno Domini
(Year of our Lord)
Steps to Follow 1. Read the title. 2.
Identify the sequence Be sure to
determine the events listed according to
when it happened. 3. Look for the spaces on the
timeline. Each division on the timeline
should reflect a set amount of time.
Be Aware of Time-Frame the beginning
ending of a timeline 2 year sections
5 year sections, etc. Layout
Timeline can be vertical or horizontal.
Some events will cover more than one year.
Sometimes events are shown with arrows.
19
How to Read a Flow Chart
Student population in HISD is growing.
HISD passes a bond election.
Schools are crowded.
?
A flow chart is a multiple cause and
effect question. The first
statement is a cause of the second statement the
second statement becomes the cause of the third
statement and so forth. The statements are all
related. A question presented in a flow chart
wants you to determine what the next most logical
step would be. In this case, the answer could be
HISD builds new schools.
20
Success on Social Studies TAKS in Grades 8, 10,
and 11
  • TEKS/CLEAR objectives taught using Model
    Lessons
  • Teaching in interactive ways to encourage
    students to use critical thinking and analysis
  • Aligned assessments and use of data analysis to
    inform instruction
  • Attention to pacing and ensuring the teaching of
    all course content

TEKS
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