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Title:

EUROPEAN UNION LAW

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May 1950 Schuman Decleration by Jean Monnet and Robert Schuman ... 1972-1986 Inactivity in the Community. Summit meetings-European Council ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: EUROPEAN UNION LAW


1
EUROPEAN UNION LAW
  • WEEK I
  • HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

2
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
  • Idea of Integration after the 2. World War
  • May 1950 Schuman Decleration by Jean Monnet and
    Robert Schuman
  • 1951 Treaty of Paris established European Coal
    and Steel Community (ESCS)
  • First Community and Founding Treaty

3
Historical Background
  • Founding Members Germany,France,Italy,
    Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg.
  • Essential Features of ESCS
  • New entity with international legal status
  • Separate and Autonomous Inst.
  • Transfer of legislative powers.

4
Historical Background
  • Institutions of the ESCS
  • High Authority
  • Assembly
  • Council of Ministers
  • Court of Justice

5
Historical Background
  • 1957 Treaties of Rome, establishing
  • A) European Atomic Energy Community
  • B) European Economic Community
  • (2 Founding Treaties)
  • Each Community had a Council, Assembly, Court of
    Justice and a Commission

6
Historical Background
  • 1967 Merger Treaty (Not a founding T.)
  • 3 Communities were brought together under the
    same institutions.
  • 1965 Empty Chair Crisis
  • Created by France and outcome was the Luxembourg
    Accord.
  • 1972 UK Became member of EEC.

7
Historical Background
  • 1973 Ireland and Denmark joined
  • 1972-1986 Inactivity in the Community
  • Summit meetings-European Council
  • 1979 Direct Elections of the Assembly
  • 1981 Greece joined
  • 1986 Spain and Portugal joined
  • 1986 Single European Act (SEA)

8
Historical Background
  • Main Features of SEA
  • -A step towards European union
  • -New legislative process Co-operation
  • -Unanimity was replaced by QMV
  • -Completion of internal market by 1992
  • -Assembly changed into European Parliament

9
Historical Background
  • The powers of the Parliament was increased
  • Introduced new Community competencies
  • Existence of the European Council was officially
    recognized
  • Social Charter was introduced

10
Historical Background
  • 1992 Treaty on European Union- The Maastricht
    Treaty
  • Comprehensive amendment of the Treaty of Rome
  • Set out series of political intentions
  • Created the European Union
  • Introduced 3 pillars, which are

11
Historical Background
  • Common Foreign and Security Policy, 3 existing
    Communities and Cooperation in Justice and Home
    Affairs
  • Maintenance of acquis communautaire
  • Introduced the single currency-EURO
  • Introduced co-decision procedure
  • Introduced the notion of Union citizenship

12
Historical Background
  • 1997 Treaty of Amsterdam
  • Amendments to the existing Treaties
  • Unemployment as the urgent problem
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