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Islam 101

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Islamic Theology Basic Beliefs. Muslim Non-Muslim Relations ... 'And do not let ill-will towards any folk incite you so that you swerve from dealing justly. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Islam 101


1
  • Islam 101
  • Dr. Ishaq Zahid
  • zahidi_at_citadel.edu
  • http//www.islam101.com



2
Outline
  • Islamic Theology Basic Beliefs
  • Muslim Non-Muslim Relations
  • Quotations From Quran and Hadith
  • Questions/Answers

3
No Compulsion
  • Let there be no compulsion in religion. Truth
    stands out clear from Error. Whoever rejects evil
    and believes in God has grasped the most
    trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And God
    hears and knows all things.
  • (The Holy Quran, 2.256)

4
World Muslims
  • 1.2 billion, Muslims represent between 19.2 and
    22 of the world's population.
  • One of every five persons in the world is a
    Muslim
  • Second largest religion in the world

5
World Distribution of Muslims
Source  Britannica Yearbook, 1997
6
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8
American Muslims
  • 6 million (The New York Times, Feb. 21, 1989)
  • About 40 Afro-American
  • Not all Muslims are Arabs, Not all Arabs are
    Muslims

9
The Basics of Faith
  • Belief in One God (Allah)
  • Belief in Prophethood
  • All the Divine Books as revealed by God to
    various prophets
  • Angels, Jinns(Demons), Life after Death and the
    Day of Judgment, Heaven and Hell

10
Allah the One God
  • Allah is the Arabic name for God used by Muslims
    of the world as well as Arab Christians.
  • Say He is God, the One and Only  God, the
    Eternal, Absolute  He begets not, nor is He
    begotten And there is none like unto Him. (The
    Quran, Chapter 112)

11
Allah name in the Bible
  • "ELOI, ELOI, LAMA SABACHTHANI? which is, being
    interpreted, My God, My God, why hast thou
    forsaken me?" (Mark 1534).
  • ALLELUYA YA ALLA HU OH! Allah
  • Elohim Eloh im (plural), translated to Allah in
    the Arabic Bible.

12
Prophets and Scriptures
  • SOME PROPHETS Adam, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael,
    Ishaq, Jacob (Israel), Joseph, Benjamin, Moses,
    Aaron, David, Solomon, Zakareya, John, Jesus,
    Muhammad (peace be on them)
  • DIVINE BOOKS Torah, Zabur (Psalms), Injeel
    (Gospel), Quran
  • Belief in ALL prophets of God
  • Source of All Books is God
  • Main Message of all Prophets Islam

13
Prophet Muhammad
  • Descendant of Ishmael, the first son of Abraham.
  • Born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, in the year 570 C.E.
  • Received first revelation at the age 40 through
    angel Gabriel.
  • Died in the year 632 C.E, after preaching Islam
    for 23 years.
  • GEORGE BERNARD SHAW said about him
  • "He must be called the Saviour of Humanity. I
    believe that if a man like him were to assume the
    dictatorship of the modern world, he would
    succeed in solving its problems in a way that
    would bring it much needed peace and happiness."
    (The Genuine Islam, Singapore, Vol. 1, No. 8,
    1936)

14
Quran The Holy Book
  • Original intact as given by the Prophet in Arabic
  • 23 Years of Revelations (610 - 632 C.E.)
  • 114 Chapters One Chapter, Multiple Revelations
  • Chapter (Surah) names
  • Historic Context matters
  • Verses Explain Verses
  • Commentary needed in the light of Arabic,
    History, and Sunnah

15
Sunnah and Hadith
  • Approvals, disapprovals of the Prophet
  • Compiled in separate books, known as Hadith
    books, after the death of the Prophet
  • Classified from authentic to false.

16
Quran Verse 812
  • Often misinterpreted Verse by Islam bashers
  • Remember thy Lord inspired the angels (with the
    message) "I am with you give firmness to the
    Believers I will instill terror into the hearts
    of the Unbelievers smite ye above their necks
    and smite all their finger-tips off them."
  • (The Quran, 8.12)
  • Read for an explanation
  • http//www.islam101.com/terror/verse8_12.htm

17
Quran Verse 861
  • 008.061 But if the enemy incline towards peace,
    do thou (also) incline towards peace, and trust
    in God for He is One that hears and knows (all
    things).
  • 060.008  God forbids you not, with regard to
    those who fight you not for (your) Faith nor
    drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly
    and justly with them for God loves those who are
    just.
  • 060.009  God only forbids you, with regard to
    those who fight you for (your) Faith, and drive
    you out of your homes, and support (others) in
    driving you out, from turning to them (for
    friendship and protection). It is such as turn to
    them (in these circumstances), that do wrong.

18
Worship and Obedience
  • Prayers (Salah)
  • Charity (Zakat)
  • Fasting ( Ramadan)
  • Pilgrimage (Hajj)
  • Any act done according to Quran and Sunnah to
    please God

19
Prayers (Salah)
  • Five Daily Prayers from Dawn to Late Evening
    regulate a Muslims day
  • Prayers involve ablution, standing, bowing,
    prostrating, sitting postures
  • Face Kabah, prayers in Arabic as taught by the
    Prophet.
  • Additional Prayers optional

20
Charity (Zakat)
  • 024.056 So establish regular Prayer and give
    regular Charity and obey the Apostle that ye
    may receive mercy. (The Quran)
  • Required 2.5 charity on yearly savings
  • A Muslim must be a charitable person
  • Removing a stone from the road is charity
  • Greeting with a smile is a charity

21
Fasting
  • 002.183 O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed
    to you as it was prescribed to those before you,
    that ye may (learn) self-restraint. (The Quran)
  • Ramadan is 9th month in Islamic Lunar calendar
  • Daily dawn to sunset fast for 29/30 days (no food
    or drink)
  • Eidul-Fitr Holiday at the end

22
Hajj (Pilgrimage)
  • Pilgrimage to Makkah once in life time for able
    Muslims
  • About 2-3 million Muslims perform Hajj each year
    from all over the world.
  • Eidul-Adha the biggest Muslim Holiday

23
Video Clip
  • Inside Mecca
  • By
  • National
  • Geopgraphic

24
Muslim Non-Muslim Relations
  • A Christian King of Ethopia
  • Treaty with Jews of Madinah
  • Letter to Moncks of St. Catherine

25
A Christian King Negus of Ethopia
  • Negus gives Protection to migrated Muslims
  • First Muslim-Christian Governmental Interaction

26
Treaty with Jews of Madina
  • Prophet has to migrate to Madina (about 200 miles
    from Makkah)
  • Signs a treaty with Jews of Madina
  • No compulsion in Religion

27
Letter to Moncks
  • Verily, I defend them by myself, the servants,
    the helpers, and my followers, because Christians
    are my citizens and by Allah! I hold out against
    anything that displeases them. No compulsion is
    to be on them.
  • Their churches are to be respected.

28
Some Quotations from Quran and Hadith
  • Food
  • Mothers
  • Daughters
  • Human Equality
  • Justice
  • Repel Evil with Goodness
  • Suicide is a grave sin

29
Food
  • 002.172 O ye who believe! Eat of the good things
    that We have provided for you, and be grateful to
    God, if it is Him ye worship.
  • Forbidden
  • Meat of animals found dead
  • blood
  • the flesh of swine
  • Alcoholic beverages (such as beer and wine) and
    intoxicants
  • Meat on which name of God is not invoked at time
    of slaughtering or meat on which some one elses
    name is invoked
  • Permitted food of the People of the Book

30
MOTHERS
  • The Qur'an elevates kindness to parents
    (especially mothers) to a status second only to
    the worship of Allah.
  • Your Lord has decreed that you worship none but
    Him and that you be kind to parents. Whether one
    or both of them attain old age in your life, say
    not to them a word of contempt nor repel them,
    but address them in terms of honor. (Qur'an
    1723)
  • And We have enjoined on every human being (to be
    good) to his/her parents in travail upon travail
    did his/her mother bear him/her and in years
    twain was his/her weaning (hear the command)
    "Show gratitude to me and to your parents to Me
    is (your final) destiny." (Qur'an 3114)

31
DAUGHTERS
  • Prophet Muhammad (Peace be on him) said,
    Whosoever has a daughter and does not bury her
    alive, does not insult her, and does not favor
    his son over her, Allah will enter him into
    Paradise. (Ahmad)

32
Human Equality in Islam
  • Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said
  • "No Arab has any superiority over a non-Arab, nor
    does a non-Arab have any superiority over an
    Arab. Nor does a white man have any superiority
    over a black man, or the black man any
    superiority over the white man. You are all the
    children of Adam, and Adam was created from clay"

33
Justice in Islam
  • "Do not let your hatred of a people incite you to
    aggression." (Quran 52)
  • "And do not let ill-will towards any folk incite
    you so that you swerve from dealing justly. Be
    just that is nearest to heedfulness." (Quran
    58)
  • Oh you who believe, stand up firmly for justice,
    as witnesses to God, even if it be against
    yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and
    whether it be against rich or poor for God can
    best protect both. Do not follow any passion,
    lest you not be just. And if you distort or
    decline to do justice, verily God is
    well-acquainted with all that you do. (Quran
    4135)

34
Repel Evil with Goodness
  • 041.034 Nor can goodness and Evil be equal.
    Repel (Evil) with what is better Then will he
    between whom and thee was hatred become as it
    were thy friend and intimate!
  • 003.134 Those who spend (freely), whether in
    prosperity, or in adversity who restrain anger,
    and pardon (all) men for God loves those who do
    good.

35
Suicide is a Grave Sin
  • O ye who believe! Eat not up your property among
    yourselves in vanities But let there be amongst
    you Traffic and trade by mutual good-will Nor
    kill (or destroy) yourselves for verily God has
    been to you Most Merciful! (Quran, 429)

36
Concluding Remarks
  • Strive for peace and justice for all!

37
Questions and Answers
  • Surah Al-Fatehah
  • (Chapter 1 The Opening)
  • 1. In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most
    Merciful.
  • 2. Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and
    Sustainer of the worlds
  • 3. Most Gracious, Most Merciful
  • 4. Master of the Day of Judgment.
  • 5. Thee do we worship, and Thine aid we seek.
  • 6. Show us the straight way,
  • 7. The way of those on whom Thou hast bestowed
    Thy Grace, those whose (portion) is not wrath,
    and who go not astray.
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