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Trauma Toolkit

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Assumption of genuine curiosity about the subject offered. ... defenseless against psychotic impulses, so demoralized by what has happened to them ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Trauma Toolkit


1
Trauma Toolkit
  • By Joyce Burland, Ph.D.

2
Principles of Adult Education
  • Assumption of genuine curiosity about the subject
    offered.
  • Why would they sign up if they werent
    interested?
  • Assumption of willingness to strive to master a
    comprehensive range of subject material.
  • This is a 12-class course, so Im certain they
    will want to take everything in.
  • Assumption of learning readiness.
  • Well, after all, they ARE adults.
  • Teacherly concern about class subjects
    understanding everything thats offered in the
    course.
  • Its the teachers job to drill it home.
  • Teacherly worry about people in class who are
    quiet, or not getting it.
  • No stragglers, or Im not fulfilling my teacher
    role.
  • Adults have different learning styles
    presentation must be varied to accommodate these
    differences.
  • It helps to have various teaching aids like
    PowerPoint presentations and videos.

3
DEFINITION OF ACATASTROPHIC STRESSOR
  • An unanticipated event
  • No time to prepare for it
  • No previous experience
  • about how to handle it
  • Has a high emotional impact
  • Involves threat or danger
  • to self or others

4
20th Century Theories of Family Blame
  • Oedipus Complex
  • Overprotective mothers
  • Cold, indifferent mothers
  • Schizophrenogenic mothers
  • Dysfunctional family systems
  • Marital schism
  • Marital skew

5
20th Century Theories of Family Blame (Cont.)
  • Communication deviance
  • Double binds
  • Sabotage, enabling
  • Expressed emotion

6
How Families Describe the Traumatic Experience of
Witnessing Breakdown into Brain Disorder
  • Catastrophe
  • Torture
  • Anguish
  • Horror/Fear
  • Nightmare

7
  • Catastrophe-A dramatic change for the worse in
    personality, behavior, appearance, and response
    of someone who is beloved to us families watch
    helplessly as this individual "slips away" and
    alters in bizarre and disturbing ways. This is
    like a horror movie, where the hero/heroine is
    utterly transformed by some unseen, monstrous
    force.
  • Torture-The indescribable agony of watching a
    loved one go through relentless pain and
    suffering without being able to make it stop the
    absolute panic when they refuse your assistance,
    reject your help, resist your protection at the
    time when they need it most.

8
  • Anguish-Paranoia, delusions, grandiosity by
    definition mean a critical loss of insight the
    person with a severe brain disorder cannot
    recognize that s/he is seriously incapacitated
    they often turn on those trying to help them,
    attack them angrily and/or blame them for their
    difficulties.
  • Horror/Fear-A dread that, in this state, the
    ill person will do something mortally dangerous
    to self or others because they are so completely
    out of control, so defenseless against psychotic
    impulses, so demoralized by what has happened to
    them
  • Nightmare-When, in desperation, we seek help for
    our stricken relative, we are denied information
    we are often perceived as causing the problem,
    then ostracized and isolated the more we try to
    assist, the more we are branded as "meddling",
    "overprotective", "unfit".

9
Psychic Trauma Impact
  • Unbearable compulsion to undo
  • Frozen in time Protective unwillingness to move
    forward
  • A Fall from Grace into painful psychic isolation
  • Silencing by shame and remorse
  • Incessant fear of reenactment
  • A constant flood of feelings

10
How do people dealing with stress learn in spite
of continuing trauma?
  • Narrow, personal focus
  • Reliance on instinctive danger-alert cognitive
    scanning
  • Looking for specific pieces of information to
    complete a partially formed mosaic of
    understanding
  • Crisis conditioning Wary of danger / open to
    opportunity/ resistant to learning too much
  • THIS IS NOT A GROUP YOU REACH THROUGH
    CONVENTIONAL ADULT EDUCATION!

11
Unique Features of the Family-to- Family Course
  • COURSE GOAL To guide family members to
    emotional understanding, healing, insight and
    action.
  • TEACHERS PRIMARY PURPOSE To convey sensitivity
    to, and understanding of, the pain and trauma
    present in the life of every class participant..
  • INTRODUCE FAMILIES TO AN EMPATHETIC COMMUNITY
    No one understands like my teachers, the
    friends I am making in this class, and NAMI.

12
Unique Features of the Family-to- Family Course
(Cont.)
  • NO CONCERN ABOUT INFORMATION SELECTION OR
    RETENTION. We work to lower defenses to taking
    in frightening information, and helping family
    members gain confidence that they can learn more
    and handle more.
  • FOCUS ON INTERNAL PROCESS Letting families
    move at their own emotional pace means we do not
    push the intellectual/cognitive learning
    (head) part of the course, but rather pay
    attention to the integration of self-selected
    knowledge and emotional understanding (heart).
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