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Welcome to Bihar

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FLOOD DRAINAGE MAP OF NORTH BIHAR. Remote Sensing Map of Marooned areas ... Being ascertained. Purnea. 18. Being ascertained. 2. Begusarai. 17. 0.050. 7. Kishanganj ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Welcome to Bihar


1
  • Welcome to Bihar
  • Dr. D. K. Sankaran,
  • Secretary (BM)
  • Ministry of Home Affairs
  • Govt. of India

2
Earth Quake Zone IV,V
Flood
Hot Wave
Drought
Cold Wave
BIHAR Prone to Multi Hazards
Fire
Thunderstorm Hailstorm
High Wind
3
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4
BIHAR FLOOD 2004
5
RIVER BASIN OF NORTH BIHAR
6
FLOOD DRAINAGE MAP OF NORTH BIHAR
7
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8
Remote Sensing Map of Marooned areas
9
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10

Geographical situation of the state
  • 17 of the countrys Flood area in Bihar
  • Frequent change of river course
  • Frequent Droughts
  • High wind velocity in most parts of the state
  • Quite often hailstorms
  • Recurrent village fires in hot summer months
  • Cold wave
  • Earthquake Zone-IV V
  • Some districts of North Bihar as vulnerable as
    Bhuj

11
  • 37 of the total area vulnerable to flood.
  • 76 of North Bihar prone to floods.
  • 61 of the catchment area lies in Nepal Tibet.
  • All major rivers like Kosi,Gandak,Bagmati,Mahanan
    da and Adhwara group of rivers originate in
    Nepal.
  • Steep gradient of Himalayan ranges carries lot of
    silt to the plains of North Bihar.
  • Floods in Bihar is thus a national issue and the
    solution can not be arrived at without
    intervention and assistance from Nepal.
  • Better coordination and information sharing with
    Nepal is a prerequisite for any flood
    preparedness and its management.

12
  • 3430 km of embankments were constructed to
    protect 29.49 lakh hectare area ( 39.64 lakh
    hectare area still not protected)
  • Moreover embankments do not provide succor from
    the floods as the rainfall in the catchment area
    of Nepal results in overtopping of the
    embankments and its breach too.
  • 17 of the area is water logged which too needs
    immediate solution.
  • Long term measures may include construction of
    flood cushions in Nepal catchment areas and also
    high dams which again need considerable research
    resources along with intervention at National
    level.

13
FLOODS
  • Heavy rainfall in the catchment areas of Bagmati,
    Kamla-Balan, Budhi-Gandak, the Adhwara group of
    rivers, Kosi and Mahananda, in the very first
    week of July, 2004 led to unprecedented floods in
    20 districts of Bihar.
  • Rivers rose above danger levels and protective
    embankments were breached at 54 points inundating
    and devastating vast stretches of thickly
    populated areas. So much so that the extent and
    impact of the floods left the flood record of
    1987 far behind.

14
DISTRICTS
  • Sitamarhi, Sheohar, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Supaul,
    Khagaria, East Champaran,Kishanganj, Samastipur,
    Madhepura, Araria and Saharsa were worse
    affected
  • Begusarai,Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Katihar,
    Purnea, West Champaran, Gopalganj and Vaishali
    were partly affected.

15
COMMUNICATION
  • Communication disrupted with Sitamarhi, Sheohar,
    Darbhanga, Madhubani Khagaria.
  • Satellite Phones were installed with the support
    from MHA in above districts.
  • Ham Radios were used in Sheohar Sitamarhi
    Districts for restoring communication gaps.
  • Road links were also snapped. Requisition for
    Bally bridges have been made from the MHA
    Defence.

16
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17
Loss of livestock
18
  • Status of National Highways
  • 990 Km of National Highways severely affected.
  • 6 bridges washed away on NH 77 (Muz-Sitamarhi-
  • Sonbarsa) 1 no. on NH 104 (Jainagar-Ladania-Phu
    lparas)
  • 225 nos bridges and culverts damaged.
  • Total length overtopped-235 Km
  • Road embankment breached at 118 locations.
  • Traffic disrupted on NHs 28A, 31, 57, 77, 104,
    105, 106 and
  • 107.
  • Status of State Highways and other roads
  • 1950 Km of State Highways and MDRs severely
    affected.
  • 323 nos bridges and culverts damaged.
  • 10 bridges on important routes have collapsed.
  • Overtopping has occured in major portion of
    affected length.
  • Road embankment breached at several locations.

19
NUMBER OF DAMAGED SCHOOLS BUILDING IN FLOOD 2004
20
Agricultural loss due to flood since 1990 up to
2004.
21
  • Status of National Highways
  • 990 Km of National Highways severely affected.
  • 6 bridges washed away on NH 77 (Muz-Sitamarhi-Sonb
    arsa) 1 no. on NH 104 (Jainagar-Ladania-Phulpara
    s)
  • 225 nos bridges and culverts damaged.
  • Total length overtopped-235 Km
  • Road embankment breached at 118 locations.
  • Traffic disrupted on NHs 28A, 31, 57, 77, 104,
    105, 106 and 107.
  • Status of State Highways and other roads
  • 1950 Km of State Highways and MDRs severely
    affected.
  • 323 nos bridges and culverts damaged.
  • 10 bridges on important routes have collapsed.
  • Overtopping has occured in major portion of
    affected length.
  • Road embankment breached at several locations.

22
FLOOD SCENARIO
  • Year-2002 2003 2004
  • DISTRICTS AFFECTED 25 24 20
  • PERSON AFFECTED 158.18
    76.02 211.76 (lakh)
  • HUMAN LIVES LOST 482
    251 570
  • LIVESTOCK LOST 1405 108 1915
  • HOUSES DAMAGES 3,96,644 45,262
    6,74,352

23
GOVT. RESPONSE 2004
  • BOATS DEPLOYED 7308
  • RELIEF CENTERS 977
  • ALLOTMENT FOR FOOD GRAINS Rs.30 Crores
  • AIR DROPPING 1787 Mt.
  • HEALTH CENTERS 504
  • VETERINARY CENTERS 194
  • ALLOTMENT FOR EVACUATION Rs.18.26 Crores
  • ALLOTMENT FOR EX-GRATIA Rs 1.98 Crores
  • ALLOTMENT FOR CASH DOLE Rs.41.70 crores

24
Flood Preparedness-2005Pre flood stage-
  • State level flood preparedness review chaired by
    Chief Secretary and heads of other departments in
    the month of April 2005.
  • Flood Preparedness meeting in all the affected
    districts before 15th of May 2005.
  • Regular Coordination at all levels with all line
    departments,PRIs NG0s for better flood
    management.
  • Establish early warning mechanisms with the help
    of related deptts.
  • Installation Maintenance of Rain Gauge before
    the flood season.
  • Repairing of embankments and continuous
    supervision of the same.
  • Construction of Mounds and identification of high
    places for shelter of the old, infant,
    handicapped, women destitute.

25
  • Repairing of roads which are likely to be flooded
    on the basis of past experiences.
  • Identification inventory of Boats and necessary
    repairing of the same before the flood.
  • Pre stocking of food and other essential
    commodities in the vulnerable areas for quick
    distribution among the affected population.

26
  • Identification of proposed relief centres wider
    dissemination of the same among the masses.
  • Equip the hospitals and vaterinary centres with
    sufficient medicines and vaccines along with
    doctors and paramedical staff.
  • Mobilize the services of trained home guards.
  • Ensure safe drinking water for the marooned
    population.
  • To ensure functioning of Control Rooms from
    District-Subdivision-Block level round the clock.
  • Prestocking of Materials for immediate repairing
    of roads, culverts Embankments with sufficient
    manpower to ensure communication.

27
During Flood----
  • Regular Information Sharing at each level.
  • Distribution of relief according to the norms.
  • Evacuation Shelter arrangements.
  • Regular patrolling of vulnerable embankments.
  • Ensuring safe drinking water and action for
    controlling outbreak of Epidemics.
  • Preparation of database Form- 9 of affected
    population for relief, cash dole.
  • Mobilizing the services various Disaster
    Management Committees, Task Forces for necessary
    support to the flood victims.

28
After Flood---
  • Restoring communication road, telecom,
    electricity etc.
  • Immediate repairing of embankments and irrigation
    channels.
  • Steps for control of epidemics.
  • Allotment of fund for repairing/ reconstruction
    of fully partly damaged houses as per norms.
  • To provide support to farmers for crop damage.

29
Action Taken under the GoI-UNDP Disaster Risk
Management Programme
  • Upgrade/develop Capacity Building of the Various
    committees from district to village/ward level
    activate the various task forces to help the
    vulnerable population.
  • Preparation of Preparedness and response plan
    from district to village level with following
    components using PRA tools
  • -Social Mapping.
  • - Vulnerability Assessment.
  • -Resource Mapping
  • -Hazard Analysis
  • -Preparedness Response Plans
  • -Identification of Volunteers
  • -Specialized training to Task Forces.
  • -Standard operating Procedures and Check lists
    for various officials.
  • -Approval of the Plan at various Plans.
  • -Mock Drills before the disaster Season.

30
  • Completion equip the Emergency Operations
    Centre (Control Rooms) and depute trained
    personnel on 24 X 7 basis.
  • Activation of the four digit toll free code
    1077 for the districts and 1070 for the State
    Control Room.
  • Creating awareness among the masses through
    various methodologies using the existing
    mechanisms.
  • Preparation of district wise detailed database of
    resources available in the districts like
    boats,swimmers,safe shelters,mounds etc
    updating the resource inventory web portal
    develop by MHA-NIC-UNDP and keep a upgraded
    list(www.idrn.gov.in).

31
Dist. Magistrate
DM Committees
Dist./ Block Admin
Corporate Sector
GoI-UNDP Disaster Management Programme
Educational Institutions
Banking / Insurance
Community
NGOs / CBOs
PRIs
Disaster Mgmt. Teams
32
Approaches to Mitigation
  • Cluster Approach of construction of IAY
  • Fire safety measures taken up in all schools
  • Orientation of teachers,students,Parents on EQ
    fire preparedness.
  • Community Contingency Plans are given priority in
    the 20 Point programme in the districts.
  • Raising of Tube well Platforms above the HFL.
  • Involving Banks and Insurance companies for Crop
    Insurance.
  • Convergence of village WATSAN teams with the
    district teams.
  • The Schools constructed by BEP are eq resistant
    and are constructed above HFL which will be
    utilized as community shelters during flood
  • Disaster Management is being included in the
    course curriculum of Sarva Sikshya Abhiyan.
  • Upgradation of traditional coping mechanisms
    through training and capacity building.

33
Cluster approaches for construction of IAY in
Khagaria
34
THANK YOU
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