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Overview of Rwandas ICT Context


The role of ICT in Economic development. Situational Analysis of ICT sector in Rwanda ... Agricultural Management Information System (AMIS) is an exchange platform for ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Overview of Rwandas ICT Context

Overview of Rwandas ICT Context
Dr. Félicien Usengumukiza Senior Research
Fellow Institute of Policy Analysis and Research
(IPAR-Rwanda) felicien.usengumukiza_at_ipar-rwanda.or
g Kigali, July 28th, 2009
  • Introduction
  • The role of ICT in Economic development
  • Situational Analysis of ICT sector in Rwanda
  • The place of ICT in implementation of Vision 2020
  • SWOT Analysis of ICT sector in Rwanda
  • Summary and Recommendations

Rwandas Economic Development is based on clear
and defined program
EDPRS, 2012
ICT is a cross-cutting area of Vision 2020
MDGs, 2015
Good Governance and a Capable State
HRD and Knowledge based Economy
Infrastructure Development
Productive and Market oriented Agriculture
Regional and International Economic Integration
A Private sector-led Economy
ICT is an engine of economic performance for

A reduction of transaction costs and times can
help developing countries to take advantage of
the opportunities resulting from trade
ICT has drastically cut long-standing obstacles
to communication time and distance. New
communication technologies allow companies to
source inputs independent of location.
Reduction of transaction costs Increase
productivity New trade opportunities Access to
knowledge Increase competition Better

The ICT-induced changes are transforming the
rules of competition and giving rise to new types
of competitive strategies innovation-driven
competition, time-based competition mass
customization lean manufacturing, and
demand-driven, built-to-order products (Fine,
ICT can also facilitate the rapid growth for
foreign direct investment (FDI) allowing global
business management along the whole supply-chain
through effective information and communication
ICT Competitiveness refers to a countrys
capacity to exploit Information and communication
technology in order to effectively participate in
the global information economy.
ICT Environment
ICT Infrastructure
ICT Competitiveness
ICT Laws
Human Resources
… and investments in SSA are mostly concentrated
on ICT
Telecom FDI versus Total FDI in SSA (2000-2004)
35 of total FDI in SSA was from telecom
Source World Bank WDI (2007)
All over the world, the Mobile Phone witnesses a
spectacular penetration rate in one decade
Global ICT Development, 1998-2008
Source International Telecommunication Union,
As in many other countries, Rwanda recorded a
spectacular increase rate of Mobile phone in one
ICT Penetration in Rwanda (2000-2009)
Source RURA, 2009
In comparison with its counterparties of the EAC,
Rwanda is not yet attractive in terms of ICT
ICT Penetration in the EAC Countries, 2008
Source ITU, ICT indicators, 2009
Fixed phone penetration is growing slowly even in
many cases decreasing. Rwanda remains on the
bottom of the list of EAC Countries
…. and Mobile phone penetration is growing
rapidly in all countries and Kenya is above the
African average.
Mobile phone penetration in EAC Countries,
Internet is also growing significantly
particularly in Uganda.
Internet penetration rate in EAC Countries,
Source ITU, 2008
Mobile phone and internet penetration rate
reached more than 1000 in EAC countries in one
of Mobile phones penetration in 2000-2008
of Internet penetration in 2000-2008
As ICT network infrastructure is currently
concentrated in Kigali City, ICT penetration rate
is also higher in Kigali in comparison with
Due to ICT market liberalization, the monopoly
spirit is broken with participation of different
companies to the market.
Number of telecom network operators and their
respective number of subscribers
Source RURA, December 2008
The more ICT Market enters into open competition,
the more consumers are getting better services.
ICT Basic services and tariffs
The increase in mobile phone services has been
accompanied by decrease of costs of connections
and handsets
RURA, 2009
ICT remains the most attractive area for Foreign
Direct Investment
Rwandas Investment by sub-sector, 2006
Source RDB/RIEPA, 2007
To this end, ICT has a significant impact to
Socio Economic Performance to the country. This
trend has also a positive impact to the economic
ICT Sector Contribution to GDP, 2005
ICT Expenditure, 2005-2012
Source TMG, Inc., 2008
Source MINECOFIN, 2009
Source Nsengiyumva Albert et al., Pro-Poor ICT
Project Report Rwanda A Community-driven
Network , July, 2007
In the framework of Vision 2020, GoR is committed
to use ICT in most of its activities in order to
facilitate the rapid socio-economic development
Knowledge Based Economy
Agricultural Based Economy
By 2020
Kalisimbi Project
1. Education 2. Human Resource Development 3.
Infrastructure, Equipment and Content 4. Economic
Development 5. Social Development 6. E-Government
and E-Governance 7. Private Sector Development
8. Rural and Community Access 9. Legal,
Regulatory and Institutional provisions and
standards 10 . National Security Law and order
Kigali Metropolitan Network
EASSY Project
Rwanda National Backbone Project
Regional Communication Infrastructure Project
National Data Center
Kigali ICT Park
The EASSY Project to which Rwanda is integrated
will contribute significantly to Rwandas
integration to the world economy.
The implementation of this project will allow
Rwanda to become in ICT hub in the region
Although the NICI II is mostly on Infrastructure
phase, GoR recorded a good number of
NICI 2010 Implementation progress
Source RITA, Mid-term Evaluation of the NICI
2010 Implementation for RITA, December, 2008
Through NICI program, most of activities are now
based on E-Sector
  • E-Education
  • One Laptop per Child project 100,000 computers
    distributed to different primary schools
  • E-Schools in secondary school
  • Regional ICT Training and Research Center (RITC)
  • E-Learning
  • Distance Learning
  • E-Health
  • An open-source Medical Records System that
    tracks patient-level data
  • TracPlus and TRACnet Monthly monitoring of
    infectious diseases including HIV/AIDS, TB, and
  • Telemedicine Information and communication
    technology (ICT) used to deliver health and
    healthcare services
  • Mobile e-Health- use of mobile technology in
    improving health delivery in Rwanda
  • Health Management Information Systems (HMIS)
    systems that integrate data collection
    processing, reporting, and use of the information
    for programmatic decision-making.

Through NICI program, most of activities are now
based on E- Sector (Contd)
  • E-Government
  • Fiber optic Installation, connectivity of a good
    number of schools, hospitals and other public
  • Public Access Channels (12 Tele centers- Desks
    are already operational)
  • Kigali ICT Center
  • - Smart National Cards, ID, E-business
  • E-Agriculture
  • Agricultural Management Information System
    (AMIS) is an exchange platform for all
    stakeholders of the agricultural and livestock
  • E-soko project seeks to empower farmers to
    enable them make more informed market pricing
    decisions and ultimately more successful farming

Institutional arrangement
Ministry in Charge of Science, Technology and
The development of ICT sector needs cooperation
of these institutions.
Ministry of Infrastructure
Although the country witnesses a good number of
challenges, the opportunities are also
considerable and the future is promising
ICT SWOT Analysis
  • Strong political will in support of ICT
  • Existing of National ICT Policy, NICI
  • ICT sector budget is on par with OECD countries
    at 1.6 percent, far above the African average
  • Smallness of the countries would facilitate ICT
    Network infrastructure
  • Strong Institutional organization (RDB/RITA,
    MINISTR, RURA, etc.
  • ICT is the most attractive in terms of
  • E-Government and E-Governance
  • Lack of necessary technical and professional
    level of human resources
  • Insufficient of electricity which is a
    prerequisite to the ICT accessibility
  • Inadequate financial resources
  • High cost of communication in comparison with
    neighboring countries
  • Lack of awareness about ICT and the benefits of
    e-government in both urban and rural areas
  • Weak private sector
  • Existing of high rate of illiteracy
  • Existing of strong competition in the region.
    Each EAC member is aiming to become in ICT hub in
    the region.
  • Potential ICT crime and difficult to control it
  • Loss of job due to ICT application
  • Regional Communication Infrastructure Project
  • Kalisimbi Project
  • Kigali Metropolitan Network and Wibro Mobile
    Wimax Technology
  • Rwanda National Backbone Project
  • Rwanda is integrated to the EASSY Project
  • National Data Center
  • Regional interconnectivity (MTN Rwanda, MTN
    Uganda, Safaricom, Vodacom, Com Burundi

The implementation of the program requests a
particular attention of certain measures.
Capacity building and training ICT Skills,
Training and Awareness
More Cooperation with stakeholders including
Public-private Partnerships in ICT development
Development of Network infrastructure
technologies especially in rural area
Retention policy for trained staff with high
skills in ICT
Dissemination of information and research related
to ICT in order to share experiences and to avoid
duplication and waste of time.
Basic infrastructure needs a rapid improvement as
a prerequisite to ICT development
Investment in terms of softwares production and
their commercialisation
It is expensive to built a road, but not to
built it is more expensive Italian Proverb
Thank you for your Attention
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