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FDR and the NEW DEAL

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Huey Long of Louisiana. SECOND NEW DEAL. Democrats win 1935 mid-term elections huge ... Court Packing Plan: Supreme Court. 50 federal judges, 6 supreme justices ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: FDR and the NEW DEAL


1
FDR and the NEW DEAL
  • New Deal Programs
  • Voices of Reaction
  • 1936 Election
  • New Deal Coalition
  • Court Packing Plan
  • Legacy?

2
NEW DEAL PROGRAMS
  • Federal Emergency Relief Adm. (FERA)
  • 500 m., cash relief to unemployed
  • Against work ethic, ended 1935
  • Federal Deposit Insurance (FDIC)
  • Fed insured bank deposits up to 5000
  • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
  • Public power utilities in rural Tenn. Valley
  • Security and Exchange Com. (SEC)
  • Joseph Kennedy oversaw stock bond market
  • Businesses must publish financial report

3
VOICES OF REACTION
  • The Liberty League conservative business
  • New Deal violates free enterprise
  • They called it Communism. Many Dems
  • Father Charles Coughlin radio show
  • Populists free silver, nationalize banks
  • Francis Townsend old age pension
  • Over 65 gets 200 per month to spend
  • Huey Long Share the Wealth
  • Home, car, radio, and income for all
  • Confiscate millionaires wealth

4
Huey Long of Louisiana
5
SECOND NEW DEAL
  • Democrats win 1935 mid-term elections huge
  • Works Progress Administration (WPA)
  • Harold Ickes 10 years, 6 billion major
    projects
  • Golden Gate, Boulder Dam, Key West road,
  • Social Security 3 parts pension over 65
  • Unemployment, and welfare. Payroll tax
    insurance
  • Wagner Act established union rights
  • Fair Labor Standards minimum wage
  • African Americans not benefited as well
  • But 40 do get aid, 70 vote Democratic
  • Eleanore Roosevelt helped many groups
  • My Day helped African Americans, more liberal

6
Eleanore Roosevelt
7
1936 ELECTION
  • Union Party Lemke, Townsend, Coughlin
  • Republicans Alfred Landon of Kansas
  • FDR Victory 523 to 8 to O
  • New Deal Coalition New Democratic Party
  • unions, blacks, city workers, rural farmers
  • Court Packing Plan Supreme Court
  • 50 federal judges, 6 supreme justices
  • Failed, but wins in long term
  • Legacy Evolution or Revolution? Reform
  • relief, not recovery. New political coalition.
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