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NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 4 Notification Appliances

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OFFICE OF STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND BUILDING SAFETY ... NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code. Chapter 4 - Notification Appliances. 72:4-3.4 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 4 Notification Appliances


1
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 4 -
Notification Appliances
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
  • 724-1.3 Requires these devices to be listed.
  • 724-2.2 Appliances intended for special
    environments shall not exceed their listing
    (outdoors vs. indoors, high humidity, etc…).
  • 724-2.3 Where subject to mechanical damage, a
    notification device shall be protected. A
    mechanical guard used to protect a notification
    device shall be listed for use with the device
    being used.

2
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 4 -
Notification Appliances
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
  • 724-3.1.2 An average sound level greater than
    105 dBA shall require the use of a visible signal
    appliance.
  • 724-3.1.2 The total sound pressure level
    produced by the ambient sound pressure and
    signaling appliance shall not exceed 120 dBA.

3
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 4 -
Notification Appliances
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
  • 724-3.2.1 Audible signal appliances intended for
    operation in the public mode shall have a sound
    level of not less than 75 dBA at 10 ft. or more
    than 120 dBA at the minimum hearing distance from
    the audible appliance.

4
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 4 -
Notification Appliances
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
  • 724-3.4 Sleeping Areas
  • Sleeping areas audible appliances shall have a
    minimum 15 dBA above the average ambient sound
    level or 5dBA above the maximum sound level
    having a duration of at least 60 seconds or a
    sound level of at least 70 dBA, whichever is
    greater, measured at the pillow level in the
    occupied area.
  • 724-4.1 Visual Notification
  • UL 1638 vs. UL1971

5
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 4 -
Notification Appliances
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
  • 724-4.4 Wall-mounted visual appliances shall be
    mounted such that the entire lens is not less
    than 80 in. (2.03 m) and not greater than 96 in.
    (2.43 m) above the finished floor.
  • Table 4-4.4.1.1(a) Wall-mounted appliances
  • Table 4-4.4.1.1(b) Ceiling-mounted appliances

6
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 4 -
Notification Appliances
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
  • 724-4.4.1. Spacing in a Room
  • More than two visual devices that can be seen
    shall be synchronized.

7
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 4 -
Notification Appliances
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
Correct Spacing
Incorrect Spacing
8
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 4 -
Notification Appliances
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
724-4.4.2. Spacing in Corridors
9
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 4 -
Notification Appliances
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
724-4.4.3 Sleeping Areas Visual device shall be
located within 16 ft. of the pillow. Templates!
10
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 4 -
Notification Appliances
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
Interpretive Memorandum 2000-6 Common Use
Areas a. File Rooms b. Copy Rooms c.
Lounges/kitchenettes/cafeteria d. Conference
Rooms e. Exterior balconies/patios if you are
required to re-enter the building to exit
11
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 5 -
Supervising Station Fire Alarm Systems
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
725-2 Central Station Service a) Full Service -
provides all of the elements of a central station
with its own facilities and personnel. b) Monitor
Only - provides the signal monitoring,
retransmission, and associated record keeping.
Owner must contract out a listed Fire alarm
service - local company or a Full Service
company to provide runner and maintenance
service. c) Fire alarm service - local company -
provides runner and maintenance service. Owner
must contract out a Full Service or a Monitor
Only company to perform the monitoring.
12
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 5 -
Supervising Station Fire Alarm Systems
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
725-2 Central Station Service The fire alarm
system shall be certificated by a third party
verification. (UL) The monitoring station is also
inspected by the third party. Upon receipt of an
alarm signal, the central station
shall Immediately retransmit the alarm to the
public fire alarm service communication
center. Dispatch a runner to the protected
premises to arrive within 1 hour to reset
equipment. Notify subscriber.
13
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 5 -
Supervising Station Fire Alarm Systems
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
725-3 Proprietary Supervising Station
Service Monitoring facility is provided by the
owner. The protected property can be contiguous
or noncontiguous. The monitoring facility shall
be located in a fire-resistive, detached building
or suitable cutoff room. Upon receipt of an alarm
signal, the proprietary supervising station
shall Immediately retransmit the alarm to the
public fire alarm service communication
center. Dispatch a runner to the protected
premises to arrive within 1 hour.
14
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 5 -
Supervising Station Fire Alarm Systems
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
725-3 Proprietary Supervising Station
Service Upon receipt of a supervisory or trouble
signal, the proprietary supervising station
shall Immediately communicate with the
designated person to ascertain the reason for the
signal. Dispatch a runner to the protected
premises to arrive within 1 hour. Where required,
notify the fire department.
15
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 5 -
Supervising Station Fire Alarm Systems
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
725-4 Remote Station Service Can be a privately
owned facility. Requires a minimum of two
operators Upon receipt of an alarm supervisory or
trouble signal, the remote station shall Contact
the fire service communication center.
16
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 6 -
Public Fire Alarm Reporting System
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
726 Auxiliary Signaling System Protected
premises fire alarm system is tied into public
fire alarm reporting system. Alarm signal is
transmitted to the fire service communication
center.
17
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 7 -
Inspection, Testing and Maintenance
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
18
NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm Code Chapter 8 -
Fire Warning Equipment for Dwelling Units
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
728-1.1 This chapter contains minimum
requirements for the selection, installation,
operation, and maintenance of fire warning
equipment for use family living units. (i.e.
single station smoke detectors placed in the
sleeping rooms within the single family living
unit)
19
Tips for Fire Alarm Shop Drawing Submittal
Success
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
1) Get all of the necessary background
information on the building (i.e. architectural
review, date constructed, appeal issues, order of
correction, etc…). 2) Shop drawings should
reflect the same architectural design that was
reviewed and accepted by the AHJ. 3) Shop
drawings are legible, every room is identified
and drawn to a recognized scale. 4) Provide a
legend that identifies every fire alarm device.
20
Tips for Fire Alarm Shop Drawing Submittal
Success
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
5) Every visual device is identified with a
candela rating. 6) Provide a reflective ceiling
plan that identifies ceiling heights, light
fixtures, hvac supply diffusers with smoke
detection system layout. 7) Identify the correct
fire alarm signaling system type in accordance
with NFPA 72 and provide the appropriate battery
calculations for secondary power supply. (i.e.
beware of using the term central station). 8)
Provide a Sequence of Operation.
21
Tips for Fire Alarm Shop Drawing Submittal
Success
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
9) Provide manufacturers cutsheets on all
devices and proof of listing from a recognized
independent testing lab. 10) Make sure that all
correspondence to SFMO is from the design
professional. 11) Shop drawing review stamp. 12)
If you have a code question - call us!
22
Fire Alarm Exemption Request Forms
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
Required Fire Alarm Systems Minor work to a
system (i.e. ten or less devices) Allowed to
replace only existing non-functioning fire alarm
control panel, provided the signaling system is
not changed. Submission of fire alarm panels for
the installation of a supervised automatic
sprinkler system or for elevator recall system,
where the building does not have a typical fire
alarm system for occupant notification.
23
Fire Alarm Exemption Request Forms
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
Non Required Fire Alarm Systems Systems not
mandated by the Code.
24
http//www.dps.state.la.us/sfm
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
25
Educational Occupancy Fire Alarm Exercise Single
story building. Building is protected by a
supervised automatic sprinkler system. A fire
barrier subdivides the building and with fire
rated doors utilizing hold-open devices.
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
26
Educational Occupancy Fire Alarm Exercise 14.3.4
Detection, Alarm, and Communications
Systems. 14.3.4.1 General. Educational
occupancies shall be provided with a fire alarm
system in accordance with Section 9.6. Exception
This requirement shall not apply to buildings
with an area not exceeding 1000 ft2 (93 m2) that
contains a single classroom and is located not
less than 50 ft (15.2 m) from another
building. 14.3.4.2 Initiation. 14.3.4.2.1
Initiation of the required fire alarm system,
other than as permitted by 14.3.4.2.3, shall be
by manual means in accordance with
9.6.2.1(1). 14.3.4.2.2 In buildings provided with
automatic sprinkler protection, the operation of
the sprinkler system shall automatically activate
the fire alarm system in addition to the
initiation means required in 14.3.4.2.1.
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
27
14.3.4.3 Notification. 14.3.4.3.1 Occupant
Notification. 14.3.4.3.1.1 Occupant notification
shall be accomplished automatically in accordance
with 9.6.3. Positive alarm sequence shall be
permitted in accordance with 9.6.3.4. 14.3.4.3.1.2
Where acceptable to the authority having
jurisdiction, the fire alarm system shall be
permitted to be used for other emergency
signaling or for class changes, provided that the
fire alarm is distinctive in signal and overrides
all other use. 14.3.4.3.1.3 In order to prevent
students from being returned to a building that
is burning, the recall signal shall be separate
and distinct from any other signals. Such signal
shall be permitted to be given by use of
distinctively colored flags or banners. If the
recall signal is electric, the push buttons or
other controls shall be kept under lock. The key
for such lock shall be in the possession of the
principal or another designated person in order
to prevent a recall at a time when there is an
actual fire. Regardless of the method of recall,
the means of giving the signal shall be kept
under lock. 14.3.4.3.2 Emergency Forces
Notification. Fire department notification shall
be accomplished in accordance with 9.6.4.
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
28
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
29
Daycare Occupancy Fire Alarm Exercise Two story
building. Building is protected by a supervised
automatic sprinkler system.
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
30
Daycare Occupancy Fire Alarm Exercise 16.3.4
Detection, Alarm, and Communications
Systems. 16.3.4.1 General. Day-care occupancies,
other than day-care occupancies housed in one
room, shall be provided with a fire alarm system
in accordance with Section 9.6. 16.3.4.2
Initiation. Initiation of the required fire alarm
system shall be by manual means and by operation
of any required smoke detectors and required
sprinkler systems. (See 16.3.4.5.) 16.3.4.3
Occupant Notification. 16.3.4.3.1 Occupant
notification shall be in accordance with
9.6.3. 16.3.4.3.2 Positive alarm sequence shall
be permitted in accordance with 9.6.3.4.
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
31
Daycare Occupancy Fire Alarm Exercise 16.3.4.4
Emergency Forces Notification. Fire department
notification shall be accomplished in accordance
with 9.6.4. 16.3.4.5 Detection. A smoke detection
system in accordance with Section 9.6 shall be
installed in day-care occupancies, other than
those housed in one room. Detectors shall be
installed on each story in front of the doors to
the stairways and in the corridors of all floors
occupied by the day-care occupancy. Detectors
also shall be installed in lounges, recreation
areas, and sleeping rooms in the day-care
occupancy.
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
32
LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC
SAFETY AND CORRECTIONS OFFICE OF
STATE FIRE MARSHAL, CODE ENFORCEMENT AND
BUILDING SAFETY
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