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Shakespeare and Julius Caesar

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A glover and whittawer (dresser of white or light colored leather). In 1568, he was a mayor. ... At the age of 14 became apprenticed to a butcher. Never ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Shakespeare and Julius Caesar


1
Shakespeare andJulius Caesar
2
  • Not of an age, but for all time

3
The Life of William Shakespeare
  • Born in Stratford-on-Avon, England on April 23,
    1564
  • 1st born son
  • Total of 8 children

4
. . . continued
  • Parents Mary Arden and John Shakespeare.
  • Mary family of successful farmers.

5
. . . continued
  • John
  • A glover and whittawer (dresser of white or light
    colored leather).
  • In 1568, he was a mayor.
  • Apparently illiterate.

6
. . . continued
  • William Shakespeare
  • At the age of 14 became apprenticed to a butcher.
  • Never attended a university or college.
  • Voracious reader and very observant.

7
. . . continued
  • At the age of 18, married Anne Hathaway, 8 years
    his elder.
  • Had 3 children Susanna, Hamnet, and Judith.

8
  • Briefly a rural school master.
  • At the age of 23, left Stratford for London
  • By 1592 became a flourishing actor and
    playwright.
  • Was part owner of a successful theater known as
    the Globe.

9
. . . continued
  • In his forties, Shakespeare retired in Stratford
    on Avon.
  • Popular success in his time and invested his
    money wisely.
  • Died on April 23, 1616.

10
  • His plays were praised as the mirror of life.
  • Jonson stated Shakespeare was, Soul of the Age!
    The applause, delight, the wonder of the stage.

11
(No Transcript)
12
The Globe
  • Built in 1598-99
  • 3 stories high
  • Octagonal shaped
  • The eight sides of the theater housed covered
    tiers of seats

13
. . .continued
  • Middle and upper-class viewers sat in these
    seats.
  • Open-air courtyard in the center.
  • Lower class viewers sat in the courtyard.

14
. . . continued
  • 1613- It burned down when cannons fired during a
    performance of Henry VIII.

15
Shakespeares Plays
  • All classes of people attended.
  • Audiences played an active role in the
    performance by hissing, cheering, and throwing
    vegetables.

16
. . .continued
  • Plays were staged w/o sets.
  • Costumes and props were elaborate.
  • Women were not allowed to act.
  • Juliet was played by a young male actor

17
Tragedy
  • Definition
  • a work of literature, especially a play, that
    results in a catastrophe for the main character.

18
. . . continued
  • Main Character
  • always a significant person, a king or a hero.
  • Possesses a tragic flaw or weakness

19
. . .continued
  • Purpose is to not only to arouse fear and pity in
    the audience, but also , in some cases to convey
    a sense of the nobility of the human spirit.

20
The Security of the Throne
  • Queen Elizabeth I was the ruler of England during
    the time that Shakespeare wrote.

21
. . .continued
  • Faced threats to her security.
  • By 1599, when Julius Caesar premiered at the
    Globe, the situation was comparable to that of
    Rome and its ruler Julius Caesar.

22
. . . continued
  • The people worried about Queen Elizabeths
    successor.
  • In 1586, Mary, Queen of Scots, was accused of
    plotting to murder Queen Elizabeth I.

23
. . .continued
  • Conspirators were tried and executed.
  • Mary was beheaded the following year.

24
After reading Julius Caesar you will be able to
answer these questions!
  • What sort of lesson or warning may Shakespeare
    have been trying to send the people of England?
  • To the Queen?
  • To present day society?

25
Julius Caesar, the ruler of Rome.
  • Born a patrician.
  • Caesar first shared the rule of Rome with two
    others.
  • Triumvirate Caesar, Gnaeus Pompey, Marcus
    Crassus.

26
. . . continued
  • Pompey murdered by a former officer.
  • Crassus died in battle.
  • Thus, Caesar began to rule alone.

27
. . .continued
  • Won battles in Greece, Asia Minor, Africa, Egypt,
    Spain, and Gaul.
  • Common people saw him as a great warrior and
    strong leader.

28
. . . continued
  • Senate feared he would become too powerful and
    rule like a king.
  • On the 15th of March 44 BC, the so called Ides of
    March, Caesar was murdered.

29
  • The spirit of an assassinated leader is larger
    in death than in life. Arthur Naftalin

30
  • What character traits should a leader possess?

31
  • Can power corrupt those that possess it?
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