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On the Lagrangian theory of cosmological density perturbations

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On the Lagrangian theory of cosmological density perturbations. Isolo di San Servolo, Venice ... Vector perturbations correspond to perturbations of vortical velocity. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: On the Lagrangian theory of cosmological density perturbations


1
On the Lagrangian theory of cosmological density
perturbations

V. Strokov Astro Space Center of the P.N.
Lebedev Physics Institute Moscow, Russia
Isolo di San Servolo, Venice Aug 30, 2007
2
Outline
  • Cosmological model
  • Scalar perturbations
  • Hydrodynamical approach
  • Field approach
  • Isocurvature perturbations
  • Conclusions

3
Cosmological model
Background Friedmann-Robertson-Walker metrics,
Spatially flat Universe
Friedmann equations (which are Einstein
equations for the FRW metrics)
4
Scalar and tensor perturbations
Generally, the metrics perturbations can be split
into irreducible representations which correspond
to scalar, vector and tensor perturbations. Sca
lar perturbations describe density
perturbations. Vector perturbations correspond to
perturbations of vortical velocity . Tensor
perturbations correspond to gravitational
waves. Here we focus on scalar perturbations.
5
Scalar perturbations of the metrics and
energy-momentum tensor.
8 scalar potentials.
6
Gauge transformations
Splitting in background and perturbation is
not unique. With coordinate transformations, we
obtain different background and different
perturbation. Hence, unphysical perturbations may
arise.
In a bit different reference frame
7
Gauge-invariant variables
Almost all of the metrics and material potentials
are not gauge- invariant, but one can construct
gauge-invariant variables from them. One of the
variables is q-scalar
(V.N. Lukash, 1980)
q-scalar is constructed from the gravitational
part A which is prominent at large scales and a
hydrodynamical part (second term) which is
prominent at small scales.
8
Inverse transformations from q-scalar to the
initial potentials
The material potentials and the metrics
potentials are not independent. They are linked
through perturbed Einstein equations
The inverse transformations are as follows
9
Thus, there are 10 unknowns for 6 equations. We
then set E0 (isotropic pressure), and a
gauge-transformation contains two arbitrary
scalar functions
Now there is the only unknown left.
10
One extra equation can be obtained in two
ways. The first way (hydrodynamical approach) is
to write a relation between comoving
gauge-invariant perturbations of pressure and
energy density.
The second way (field approach) is to write a
quite arbitrary Lagrangian for the phi-field
11
Field approach
One immediately has the energy-momentum tensor.
12
Field approach
Thus, the two approaches are equivalent to first
order.
13
Dynamical equation for q
With both approaches, we obtain the following
equation for evolution of the q field
In the field approach one should substitute beta
for cs
14
Action and Lagrangian of perturbations
The perturbation action is quite simple
That is, q is a test massless scalar field.
15
Isocurvature perturbations
With several media, perturbations that do not
perturb curvature are also possible. These are
isocurvature (isothermic, entropy) perturbations.
16
The Lagrangian for isocurvature perturbations
17
Equations of motion
18
Normal modes
19
Conclusions
  • Hydrodynamical and field approaches are
    equivalent to first order of the cosmological
    scalar perturbations theory.
  • The Lagrangian for adiabatic and isocurvature
    modes has been built. It appears that the
    isocurvature mode also has a speed of sound.

20
Thank you!
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