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Chicken Pox

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Chickenpox is caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV), also known as human ... Varicella Zoster Immune Globulin (VZIG) Only offers temporary protection ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chicken Pox


1
Chicken Pox
  • By Sean Connolly

2
About Chicken Pox
  • Chickenpox is caused by the varicella-zoster
    virus (VZV), also known as human herpes virus 3
    (HHV-3), one of the eight herpes viruses known to
    affect humans.
  • Characterized by
  • Fever
  • Raw, open, itchy sores

3
History
  • Giovanni Filipo an Italian scientist first
    described the symptoms of Chicken Pox
  • An English physician described a mild case of
    Small Pox as Chicken Pox in the 1600s
  • William Heberden was the fist physician to
    demonstrate that Chicken Pox was different than
    Small Pox

4
Name Origin
  • The skin appeared to be picked by chickens
  • Resembles the seeds of Chick Peas
  • Most common explanation is that its not that
    dangerous so its a chicken version of Pox.
  • Pox is another word for a curse, which is what it
    was believed to be in medieval times.

5
Prevention
  • Vaccination(Varicella)

Orfor the extremely paranoid
  • Quarantine
  • Kill everyone around you

6
Transmission
  • Persons to person contact or sneezing/coughing
  • Kids around 6 or 7 will usually spread it between
    each other.

7
Treatment
  • Acyclovir
  • Tylenol
  • In medieval times and still today, oatmeal baths
    are used to relieve itching.

8
Worst Victims
  • Adults
  • Infants
  • Teenagers
  • People with weak
  • immune systems

9
Preventive Treatment after Exposure
  • Varicella Zoster Immune Globulin (VZIG)
  • Only offers temporary protection
  • Recommended for
  • Newborns whose mothers have chickenpox 5 days
    prior to 2 days after delivery
  • Children with leukemia or lymphoma who have not
    been vaccinated
  • Persons with cellular immunodeficiencies or other
    immune problems
  • Persons receiving drugs, including steroids, that
    suppress the immune system
  • Pregnant women

10
Complications
  • Bacterial Infections
  • Viral Pneumonia
  • Bleeding Problems
  • Infection of the brain

11
Deaths from Chicken Pox
  • Before there was a vaccine, about 100 people died
    of Chicken Pox every year in America
  • Most of those deaths occurred in people that
    didnt have an illness that put them at higher
    risk
  • Deaths still occur in healthy children and adults

12
To vaccine or not to vaccine?Pro Side
  • Saves lives
  • Saves
  • Kids dont miss school
  • 85 percent affective in preventing disease
  • Less likely to develop Shingles
  • If someone does get Chicken Pox after
    vaccination, it usually is a lot less worse than
    a typical case resulting in a few skin lesions,
    little to no fever and lasting fewer days

13
To vaccine or not to vaccine?Con Side
  • Vaccine is new. Dont know about long term side
    affects yet
  • Chicken Pox is usually pretty harmless. No use in
    vaccinating
  • The vaccine is only expected to be effective for
    20 years. Those who were vaccinated will need a
    booster shot. Between the time the original shot
    wears off and the booster shot, those who were
    vaccinated can now develop Chicken Pox later in
    life when its more dangerous

14
People who should not be vaccinated
  • If you had a serious allergic reaction to Chicken
    Pox vaccine
  • You have a moderate to serious illness
  • Youre pregnant
  • Unable to fight off serious infection
  • People that have been vaccinated for Chicken Pox
    can still get Shingles, but they are less likely
    than someone that hasnt been vaccinated to get it

15
Shingles(Herpes Zoster)
  • Is caused by the chickenpoxvirus that remains in
    the nerve roots of all persons who had chickenpox
    and can come out in your body again years later
    to cause illness.
  • More common after age 50 and the increases risk
    with age.
  • Shingles is contagious.

16
Shingles(cont.)
  • If you come in contact with someone with Shingles
    and you havent had Chicken Pox yet, you will get
    Chicken Pox and not Shingles
  • There is no vaccine for Shingles. There is work
    being done to create one. It is expected to take
    about 5 years
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