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Claire, Caroline, Marina, Scott

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Inspired to take action after the civil war and outbreak of famine in Nigeria. ... Foundation was sparked by Raymond Borel's article in medical journal, 'Tonus' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Claire, Caroline, Marina, Scott


1
Doctors without Borders
Claire, Caroline, Marina, Scott
2
History of MSF
  • Founded in 1971 by a group of French doctors
  • Inspired to take action after the civil war and
    outbreak of famine in Nigeria.
  • Doctors inspired by Red Cross action
  • Wanted to create an organization that would not
    be stopped by legal issues and politics.
  • International organization, with headquarters in
    Switzerland.
  • US branch, Doctors Without Borders was
    established in 1990.

3
Founding of MSF
Foundation was sparked by Raymond Borels
article in medical journal, Tonus. Founders
included Bernard Koucher who became leader until
1978. Founded to offer medical care worldwide to
all victims. Original group of doctors were all
volunteers, and still held outside jobs.
4
MSF Charter
Providing assistance (both medical and
non-medical) to populations in distress Aid to
Victims of natural or man-made disasters, and
armed conflict Providing aid to anyone,
regardless of race, religion, creed, or political
affiliation Maintaining neutrality and
impartiality MSF members follow strict
professional code of ethics
5
How is MSF Financed?
MSF received 80 general public 20
independent agencies and governments Donors
include more than 3.1 million individuals,
foundations, corporations, and nonprofit
organizations worldwide in 2004 MSFs worldwide
income in 2004 568 million In USA alone, about
380,000 private donors contributed 91 million
6
Organizational Structure
Five operational sections France, Belgium,
Switzerland, Holland, and Spain Directly control
field sites Thirteen non-operational
sections Recruit volunteers, raise funds for
field projects, and do public outreach
7
What do they Do?
  • Massive vaccination campaigns
  • Training and supervision of medical personnel
  • Water and sanitation improvement
  • Data collection
  • Feeding
  • Patient care

8
  • Distribution of drugs and medical supplies
  • Maternal and pediatric care
  • Mental health care
  • Rehabilitation of hospitals and clinics
  • AIDS care and prevention

9
Four Common Situations
  • Wars and Conflicts
  • Refugees and Displaced People
  • Natural or Man-made Disasters
  • Long-Term Assistance

10
Videos http//www.doctorswithoutborders.org/news/
video/index.cfm The challenges of treating
tuberculosis?
11
1971 MSF is founded 1975 Cambodians Flee Khmer
Rouge 1976 War in Lebanon 1986 MSF Movement
Expands 1991 Kurdish Refugees Flee Northern Iraq
1994 Genocide in Rwanda 1996 MSF Movement Grows
MSF Timeline
12
1996 MSF Movement Grows 1998 Number of US
Volunteers Grow 1999 MSF Awarded Nobel Peace
Prize 2004 Emergency in Western Sudan
13
MSF in Darfur
2004
  • Over 2,000 staff working in 17 locations
    throughout Darfur.
  • Twelve humanitarian aid workers killed in Darfur
    since May 2006
  • Health center offers care for local residents and
    over 22,000 displaced people

14
  • Center treats infectious diseases
  • providing labor
  • delivery services
  • Psychiatrict help
  • MSF also provides medical equipment and
    medications to the hospital in El Geneina
  • Constantly responding to new attacks on villages
    by setting up places to operate and treat the
    wounded

15
  • Limited action and inaccessible areas difficulty
    in giving aid.
  • Many people are dependent on outside humanitarian
    aid.
  • Stay away from peace-keeping and military action-
  • concentrate on how best to assist people trapped
    by crisis.

16
Basic requirements for joining MSF in the
field At least two years of professional
experience Physicians Availability for a
minimum of six months (with the exception of
surgeons and anesthesiologists, who may be
accepted for shorter assignments) All other
professions Availability for a minimum of 6 to
12 months, with preference for those available
for 9 to 12 months Flexibility No recent gap in
clinical experience greater than two years
Language skills are considered a major asset
Relevant travel or work outside the United
States
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