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Agriculture and Cooperation Department

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Total Geographical Area: 196 lakh hectares. Net Area Sown: 101 lakh hectares ... Mega thermic category with mean soil temperature exceeding 28 C. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Agriculture and Cooperation Department


1
Gujarat Agriculture XI PLAN Outcomes
Strategies
May 18th, 2009
  • Agriculture and Cooperation Department
  • Government of Gujarat

2
One's destination is never a place but rather a
new way of looking at things.
- Henry Miller
3
Gujarat Agriculture at a Glance
  • Total Geographical Area 196 lakh hectares
  • Net Area Sown 101 lakh hectares
  • Total Cropped Area 128 lakh hectares
  • Agro Climatic Zones 8
  • Gross Irrigated area 36
  • Net Irrigated area 34.4
  • Total Operational land holder 42.4 lakh
  • Average land holding 2.33 ha

4
Agro-climatic Zones of Gujarat According to
Rainfall and Soil Type
5
Gujarat Climate
  • Mega thermic category with mean soil temperature
    exceeding 28C.
  • Air temperature in January normally remains over
    10C. Maximum temperature in May goes over 45C
    in north and north-west Gujarat.
  • Rainfall is the most dominant climatic factor.
    Average rainfall is 972 mm, received in 35 days
    mostly from June to September with a coefficient
    of variation (CV) of 50.
  • Spatially it ranges from 300 mm in north-west to
    2,200 mm in south-east.
  • 12 out of 26 districts of Gujarat are drought
    prone.
  • 24.94 area falls under arid and 33.56 is under
    semi arid area region.

6
Annual Rainfall Gujarat (in mm)
Average Years 1998
to 2007
7
GUJARAT
Area in lakh ha.
8
GUJARAT AGRICULTURE AT A GLANCE
Major Crops Kharif Cotton, Groundnut,
Sesamum, Castor, Paddy, Bajra, Maize, Tur, Green
Gram, Sugarcane Rabi / Summer Wheat, Rice,
Maize, Mustard, Gram, Groundnut, Bajra
Major Rainfed Crops Bajra, Groundnut, Sesame,
Pigeon pea, Green Gram, Gram, Desi Cotton,
Sorghum, Soyabean
9
DISTRICT MAJOR CROPS
Pm, Mu, Ca
W, Mu, Ca
Co, So
Sc, Fc
10
Irrigation Potential in Gujarat (lakh ha)
10
Source Narmada, Water resource, Water supply
Kulpasar department
11
(No Transcript)
12
Crop Performance Area (lakh ha)
Normal shows average of 2001-02 to 2005-06, Last
3 yr 2006-07 to 2008-09
13
Production Performance (lakh tonnes)
Normal shows average of 2001-02 to 2005-06 , Last
3 yr 2006-07 to 2008-09
14
Productivity Performance (Kg./Ha.)
Normal shows average of 2001-02 to 2005-06, Last
3 yr 2006-07 to 2008-09
15
Yield Gap Management
16
Yield Gap Management
17
Yield Gap Management
18
Yield Gap Management
19
Yield Gap Management
20
Yield Gap Management
21
Yield Gap Management
22
Yield Gap Management
23
Targeted outcomes
Production increase _at_ 6 Area increase _at_ 3
Productivity increase _at_ 7
24
Targets Area (lakh ha)
25
Targets Area (lakh ha)
26
Targets for Production (lakh tonnes)
27
Targets for Production (lakh tonnes)
28
Targets for Productivity (Kg./Ha.)
29
Targets for Productivity (Kg./Ha.)
30
Major inputs required for Agriculture
Production- (1) Seed HYV, Improved variety
(2) Fertilizer Including organic fertilizer
(3) Pesticide Includes bio pesticides,
weedicides (4) Irrigation Facilities
Includes Drip SprinklersTo fulfill the basic
input needs, required sufficient credit support
to farmers at proper time with reasonable
interest rate and easy availability.
31
SEED SUPPLY XI Plan
  • Projection for targeted distribution is based on
  • 25 SRR for self pollinated crops, except
    Groundnut
  • 35 SRR for cross pollinated crops
  • 100 for Hybrid crops

32
SEED - SRR
To fulfill the SRR target, State Govt has the
scheme to provide financial assistance
on additional Certified seed production
with provision of 20.00 Crores in State Budget
33
Projection for fertilizer
Ratio to be achieved through Soil health card
program, Awareness on Balanced use of fertilizer
promotion of Organic components.
34
Input Management
  • 100 Seed treatment Distribution of seed
    dressing
  • drums
  • Promotion of IPM awareness for proper
    pesticide application technique
  • Promotion of Botanical pesticides Biological
    pest control
  • Use of Biocides and agent will be popularized.
  • Strengthening of pest surveillance forecasting
    system.
  • Strengthening of infrastructure development of
    biological control agents.
  • Promotion of Vermi-compost, Bio fertilizers,
    Organic farming certification
  • Strengthening of Quality control laboratories

35
Farm mechanization
  • Financial assistance through CSS, State plan
    scheme
  • Micro irrigation (3.00 lakh ha in next 3 years)
    GGRC
  • Training through FTC, KVK
  • Investment in processing sector Global Investor
    summit
  • On farm value addition

36
Planning for development of Arid /Semiarid areas
  • Management of soil
  • Moisture conservation
  • Ground water recharging
  • Efficient use of irrigation water
  • Micro Irrigation
  • Balanced use of Fertilizers
  • Selection of the crop and varieties
  • Agricultural practices
  • Plant protection
  • Sustainable agriculture practices

37
Performance in central sector schmes
38
CSS Scheme (2006-07)
(Rs. In
Lakh)
39
CSS Scheme (2007-08)
(Rs. In
Lakh)
40
CSS Scheme (2008-09)
(Rs. In
Lakh)
41
32 Projects sanctioned under RKVY for the year
2007-08
(Rs.in lakhs)
42
75 Projects sanctioned under RKVY for the year
2008-09 (Rs.in lakhs)
43
RKVY Performance (March-09 ending)
(Rs in lakhs)
44
Mission Statement
  • To increase crop grown area of major
    agricultural crops to 111.5 lakhs ha. by the end
    of 11th plan,
  • (97.49 lakh ha 2008-09, 14 increase)
  • To increase production of major agricultural
    crops with the output of 231.3 lakh tonnes by the
    end of 11th plan,
  • (159.70 lakh tonnes 2008-09, 45 increase)
  • To increase gross productivity of major
    agricultural crops 2076 kg/ha by the end of 11th
    plan,
  • (1638 kg/ha 2008-09, 27 increase)
  • To ensure food and nutritional security with the
    production of 100.6 lakh tonnes by the end of
    11th plan,
  • (65.60 lakh tonnes 2008-09, 53 increase)

45
Major Goals
  • To improve the economic viability of farming by
    focusing on farmers net income and to ensure
    that net income increases over time in a
    sustainable manner.
  • To mainstream the equity and gender dimensions.
  • To introduce and develop a social security for
    farmers.
  • To protect and improve the land, water,
    biodiversity and climate resources essential for
    sustained advances in the productivity.
  • To ensure nutrition security by increasing
    production and productivity.
  • To attract and retain youth and women in
    scientific farming.
  • To develop Gujarat as an Agri Business hub.

46
Integrated Extension Activities
  • Rabi campaign through kisan shibir, krushi-gosti,
    exhibition, krushi-mela
  • Campaign for seed treatment in rabi-summer
  • Extension for INM, IPM judicious use of
    available irrigation water
  • Implementation of ATMA, KCC
  • Involving NGOs and PPP in extension services
  • Publishing progressive farmers innovative
    practices
  • Advice on crop planning and management at micro
    level by subject experts
  • Training to the trainers (field extension staff)
  • FFS, Block demonstration, Krishi mela, Prerana
    Pravas

46
47
NEW INITIATIVES BEST PRACTICES ADOPTED BY
STATE GOVT
48
New Initiatives of the State Government
  • Establishment of Green Revolution Company for
    Micro Irrigation.
  • One month long awareness creation programme
    Krishi Mahotsav
  • Issuance of Soil Health Cards (17.50 lakhs)
  • Three phase 247 electricity supply to all
    villages (Jyotigram Yojna)
  • Enabling of Contract Farming
  • Framing of Bio-technology Policy Agri Business
    Policy
  • Policy for waste land utilization
  • Keen implementation of GOI initiatives National
    Horticulture Mission, NFSM, RKVY, National
    Project on Organic Farming, ATMA, KCC
  • Residual Testing Laboratory Navsari
  • 37 APMCs connected by futures market through
    NMCDX
  • 4 Agricultural Universities, 4 excellence center
    in each university

49
SWOT Analysis of Gujarat Agriculture
50
SWOT Analysis of Gujarat Agriculture
STRENGTH
  • 8 Agro-climatic zones, Wide varieties of soil,
    More than 40 major crops
  • Predominance of non-food, high value crops
  • --- i.e. cotton, castor, tobacco, isabgul,
    cumin, fennel, mango groundnut, banana
  • Entrepreneurial farmers
  • Longest sea coastline
  • Well developed infrastructure
  • Agro Industries Policy
  • Well developed Co-operatives
  • Dominance in milk sector
  • Good Governance original initiatives
  • Relatively strong marketing network
  • Recent attention to post harvest management

51
SWOT Analysis of Gujarat Agriculture
WEAKNESS
  • 70 area depend on rain
  • (After completion of Sardar Sarovar Project it
    will be 49)
  • Uneven distribution of rain
  • i.e. In Kachchh 400 mm In South Gujarat
    -1500 mm
  • Drought prone area
  • Arid and semi arid area
  • 19.61 9.46 Respectively share in India
  • Declining land holding
  • i.e. The average size of holding has reduced
    from 4.11 ha in 1970-71 to 2.62 ha in 1995-96 and
    2.33 ha in 2000-01.(Provisional)
  • Saline and water logged area
  • i.e. 21.80 19.62 of total irrigated area
    respectively
  • Low technology assimilation capacity in rural
    areas
  • High cost of power
  • Flood / erosion

52
SWOT Analysis of Gujarat Agriculture
Opportunity
  • GM crops, Biotechnology
  • Horticultural Development
  • Agri export zone
  • i.e. Potato, Castor, Isabgul, Fruits.
    Datepalm, Duram wheat etc
  • Organic farming Special Zone, Market for
    organic product
  • Agro processing Industries
  • i.e. Cotton, Oilseed, Tomato, Cumin,
    Isabgul, Castor, Papaya, Fruits Vegetables
  • Export potentiality
  • i.e. Cotton, Cumin, Onion, Garlic, Castor,
    Isabgul, Mango, Other fruits vegetables ,
    Flowers, Duram wheat, Processed maize etc
  • Corporate and contract farming
  • Investment in Agriculture Sector
  • Private Market, Terminal Market, E-market
  • IT network
  • Public Private Partnership, NGOs work
  • Use of solar energy in agriculture, Benefit of
    natural resource

53
SWOT Analysis of Gujarat Agriculture
Threats
  • Inadequate and erratic nature of rainfall
  • Frequent draught
  • Soil erosion, Depletion of Water Table, Salinity
    ingress / Sea Water Ingress
  • Market fluctuation
  • Inadequate processing facilities

54
Agril. Credit Plan/Achievement through three tier
Co-op. Credit Structure.
NB.(1)All eligible members are provided crop
loan through Kisan Credit Card (KCC)
55
Measures for Strengthening of Cooperative Credit
Structure
  • Technological upgradation of system at
    PACS, DCCBs State level.
  • Improvement of MIS among three tiers in
    organization.
  • Implementation of CAS in CCS .
  • Computerization of accounts, data forms.
  • HRD initiatives, training of staff directors.

56
Cont
  • Increase in refinance to CCS from NABARD.
  • Steps to increase low cost deposits by
    promoting SHGs.
  • Diversification of business/portfolio.
  • Implementation of Vaidhyanathan committee
    measures to strengthen Credit Cooperative
    Structure.

57
Functioning of Existing Market Committees (Yards)
58
Last Five Years Turnover (Sales) of Commodities
through APMCs.
59
Strengthening of Agricultural Marketing Under
RKVY
60
Each success only buys an admission ticket to a
more difficult problem.
- Henry Kissinger
61
THANKS
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