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The Reformation

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The Reformation. The Reformation. Split in the Church. Causes of the Reformation ... John Calvin creates a theocracy in Geneva ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Reformation


1
The Reformation
2
The Reformation
  • Split in the Church

3
Causes of the Reformation
4
Causes of the Reformation
  • Renaissance emphasis on the secular and the
    individual challenged Church authority

5
Causes of the Reformation
  • Renaissance emphasis on the secular and the
    individual challenged Church authority
  • The printing press spread these ideas

6
Causes of the Reformation
  • Renaissance emphasis on the secular and the
    individual challenged Church authority
  • The printing press spread these ideas
  • Kings resented the power of the Pope

7
Causes of the Reformation
  • Renaissance emphasis on the secular and the
    individual challenged Church authority
  • The printing press spread these ideas
  • Kings resented the power of the Pope
  • Merchants in the north resented paying taxes to
    the Pope in Rome

8
Causes of the Reformation
  • Renaissance emphasis on the secular and the
    individual challenged Church authority
  • The printing press spread these ideas
  • Kings resented the power of the Pope
  • Merchants in the north resented paying taxes to
    the Pope in Rome
  • Reformers John Wycliffe, John Huss, Desiderius
    Erasmas and Thomas More

9
Martin Luther
10
Martin Luther
  • German Monk

11
Martin Luther
  • German Monk
  • In an effort to stop indulgences, he developed 95
    Theses that argued that the selling of
    forgiveness was not right

12
Martin Luther
  • German Monk
  • In an effort to stop indulgences, he developed 95
    Theses that argued that the selling of
    forgiveness was not right
  • The 95 Theses were published and Martin Luther
    became famous all throughout Germany

13
Martin Luther
  • German Monk
  • In an effort to stop indulgences, he developed 95
    Theses that argued that the selling of
    forgiveness was not right
  • The 95 Theses were published and Martin Luther
    became famous all throughout Germany
  • His actions started the Reformation

14
Luthers Teachings
15
Luthers Teachings
  • People could win salvation only by faith in Gods
    gift of forgiveness, the Church taught that faith
    and good works were necessary for salvation

16
Luthers Teachings
  • People could win salvation only by faith in Gods
    gift of forgiveness, the Church taught that faith
    and good works were necessary for salvation
  • All Church teachings should be clearly based on
    the words of the Bible, the Pope and Church
    traditions were false authorities

17
Luthers Teachings
  • People could win salvation only by faith in Gods
    gift of forgiveness, the Church taught that faith
    and good works were necessary for salvation
  • All Church teachings should be clearly based on
    the words of the Bible, the Pope and Church
    traditions were false authorities
  • All people with faith were equal, therefore,
    people did not need priests to interpret the
    Bible for them.

18
Protestantism Grows
19
Protestantism Grows
  • A separate religious group, called Lutherans,
    emerged

20
Protestantism Grows
  • A separate religious group, called Lutherans,
    emerged
  • The Peace of Augsburg gives each ruler the
    ability to choose Protestantism or Catholicism

21
Protestantism Grows
  • A separate religious group, called Lutherans,
    emerged
  • The Peace of Augsburg gives each ruler the
    ability to choose Protestantism or Catholicism
  • Henry VIII creates a English church to supersede
    the power of the Catholic church

22
English Religious Turmoil
23
English Religious Turmoil
  • Henry VIII wanted a son his first wife gave him
    a daughter so he wanted an annulment

24
English Religious Turmoil
  • Henry VIII wanted a son his first wife gave him
    a daughter so he wanted an annulment
  • The pope wouldnt grant him one so he separated
    from the Church Reformation Parliament

25
English Religious Turmoil
  • Henry VIII wanted a son his first wife gave him
    a daughter so he wanted an annulment
  • The pope wouldnt grant him one so he separated
    from the Church Reformation Parliament
  • The Act of Supremacy made the English king the
    head of the Church not the pope

26
Anglican Church
27
Anglican Church
  • Henry finally gets his son, but both of them die,
    therefore his eldest daughter Mary, Queen of
    Scots takes over and makes England Catholic
    again.

28
Anglican Church
  • Henry finally gets his son, but both of them die,
    therefore his eldest daughter Mary, Queen of
    Scots takes over and makes England Catholic
    again.
  • Mary goes insane, so Henrys second eldest
    daughter, Elizabeth, becomes Queen.

29
Anglican Church
  • Henry finally gets his son, but both of them die,
    therefore his eldest daughter Mary, Queen of
    Scots takes over and makes England Catholic
    again.
  • Mary goes insane, so Henrys second eldest
    daughter, Elizabeth, becomes Queen.
  • She establishes the Anglican Church and England
    remains protestant.

30
Protestant Denominations
31
Protestant Denominations
  • Calvinism

32
Protestant Denominations
  • Calvinism
  • John Calvin creates a theocracy in Geneva

33
Protestant Denominations
  • Calvinism
  • John Calvin creates a theocracy in Geneva
  • His denomination is based on the theory of
    predestination

34
Protestant Denominations
  • Calvinism
  • John Calvin creates a theocracy in Geneva
  • His denomination is based on the theory of
    predestination
  • Becomes the modern denomination of Presbyterians

35
Protestant Denominations
  • Calvinism
  • John Calvin creates a theocracy in Geneva
  • His denomination is based on the theory of
    predestination
  • Becomes the modern denomination of Presbyterians
  • Anabaptists

36
Protestant Denominations
  • Calvinism
  • John Calvin creates a theocracy in Geneva
  • His denomination is based on the theory of
    predestination
  • Becomes the modern denomination of Presbyterians
  • Anabaptists
  • Believe that a parishioner must choose to be
    baptized

37
Catholic Reformation
38
Catholic Reformation
  • Ignatius of Loyola creates the Jesuits to spread
    Catholicism

39
Catholic Reformation
  • Ignatius of Loyola creates the Jesuits to spread
    Catholicism
  • The Council of Trent reaffirms the Churchs
    position on some issues that the Protestant
    churches disagree with

40
Council of Trent
41
Council of Trent
  • The churchs interpretation of the Bible was
    final.

42
Council of Trent
  • The churchs interpretation of the Bible was
    final.
  • Christians need faith and good works for salvation

43
Council of Trent
  • The churchs interpretation of the Bible was
    final.
  • Christians need faith and good works for
    salvation
  • The Bible and Church tradition were equally
    powerful authorities

44
Council of Trent
  • The churchs interpretation of the Bible was
    final.
  • Christians need faith and good works for
    salvation
  • The Bible and Church tradition were equally
    powerful authorities
  • Indulgences were valid expressions of faith
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