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Once you have chosen a topic for a research assignment, you need to locate sources. Be sure you read through your sources before you finalize your research to be ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing Summarizing
  • Strategies for Avoiding Plagiarism

Putting Research into Writing
  • Once you have chosen a topic for a research
    assignment, you need to locate sources.
  • Be sure you read through your sources before you
    finalize your research to be sure they are
    suitable for your assignment.
  • It is a great idea to use a highlighter to
    highlight the information you plan to use from
    your sources.
  • Once you have located the information you plan to
    use from each of your sources, it is time to take
  • There are three types of notes you can choose to
  • Paraphrasing
  • Summarizing
  • Direct Quotation
  • Employing one of the three types of note-taking
    strategies will help you avoid committing the act
    of plagiarism, which is when you illegally take
    someone elses work and use it as your own. We
    will discuss plagiarism in more detail later on.

  • Taking someone elses words and putting them into
    your own words, while maintaining the same idea
    as the original.
  • You will paraphrase most of the information you
    use in your paper
  • You will be re-writing the information from your
    sources into your own words to use in your paper.
  • Before you paraphrase
  • Make sure that you understand the passage before
    you paraphrase it. Look up words that you dont
    understand. You cannot put something that you
    dont understand into your own words. This will
    lead to plagiarism.
  • Clarify and simplify as you paraphrase. Most of
    what you will borrow will be information
    presented in more technical, difficult phrases.
    You want to put it into your own words and
    simplify it so that your readers will be able to
    understand the information.
  • Retain the exact meaning of the original.
  • Maintain approximately the same length, order of
    ideas, tone, and message. Do not use the same
    words and phrases, except for the few that cannot
    be changed because they have no adequate
  • Develop and maintain your own writing style
    throughout the paper, even when restating others
    ideas, attitudes, and beliefs.
  • Provide an in-text citation (give credit) for all
    paraphrased material. This will avoid
    plagiarism. (this will be explained more
    thoroughly down the road)
  • Put the original aside while paraphrasing to
    avoid copying word for word. Compare the
    finished paraphrase with the original source to
    be certain that the paraphrase truly rewrites the

What makes a good paraphrase?
  • Take a look at the sample paraphrases on your
    worksheet. What version is better and why?

  • A summary is a shortened version of a paraphrase.
    It retains the original writers main idea and
    point of view but condenses the material. Like
    the paraphrase, it uses your own words.
  • The rules are as follows
  • Read the passage, paying attention to key words
    and looking up words you dont know.
  • Restate the main facts and ideas, keeping the
  • Include essential information, but omit
    descriptive details, examples, illustrations,
    analogies, and anecdotes.
  • Try to shrink the passage to about one-third the
    length of the original.
  • Provide a parenthetical reference for the
    material you summarize (explained later on in the

What makes a good summary?
  • Take a look at the sample summary on your
    worksheet. Which version is better and why?

Daily useSummarizing Paraphrasing
  • You do one of these activities on a daily basis!
    Which one?
  • How was your day today?
  • How did the game go last night?
  • Why do we use one more than the other?

  • Find a nursery rhyme like Jack and Jill. Produce
    the original, then paraphrase it, and then
    summarize it.
  • Cannot use Jack and Jill.
  • You must provide me with the original rhyme.
  • You must paraphrase AND summarize in order to
    receive credit.
  • Can be typed or hand written. Due tomorrow!
  • Suggestions
  • Itsy Bitsy Spider
  • Humpty Dumpty
  • Little Miss Muffet
  • Peter Piper
  • There was an old woman who lived in a shoe