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PRESENT TENSES

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PRESENT TENSES. Present tenses. There are four present tenses in English: ... With stative verbs: be, have, understand, love, see... I've had my car for years. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PRESENT TENSES


1
PRESENT TENSES
2
Present tenses
  • There are four present tenses in English
  • Present simple
  • Present continuous
  • Present perfect simple
  • Present perfect continuous

3
Present simple form
  • Positive
  • I/You/ We/They live
  • She/He/It lives
  • Negative
  • I/You/ We/They dont live
  • She/He/It doesnt live
  • Interrogative
  • Do you/I/we/they live? Yes, I do. / No, they
    dont.
  • Does she/he/it live? Yes, she does. / No, it
    doesnt.

4
Present simple uses
  • 1. Habits
  • I go for a walk every afternoon.
  • 2. Things that are always true
  • Water boils when you heat it.
  • 3. Things that are true for a long time
  • My father works as a shop assistant.

5
Present continuous form
  • Positive
  • I am working
  • You/ We/They are working
  • She/He/It is working

6
Present continuous form
  • Negative
  • Im not working
  • You/ We/They arent working
  • She/He/It isnt working

7
Present continuous form
  • Interrogative
  • Am I working?
  • Yes, I am. / No, Im not.
  • Are you/we/they working?
  • Yes, we are. / No, they arent.
  • Is she/he/it working?
  • Yes, she is. / No, he isnt.

8
Present continuous uses
  • 1. Activities happening (around) now
  • Im writing my doctoral thesis.
  • 2. Future personal plans
  • Were getting married in October.

9
Present perfect simple form
  • Positive
  • I/You/ We/They have lived
  • She/He/It has lived

10
Present perfect simple form
  • Negative
  • I/You/ We/They havent lived
  • She/He/It hasnt lived

11
Present perfect simple form
  • Interrogative
  • Have you/I/we/they lived?
  • Yes, I have. / No, you havent.
  • Has she/he/it lived?
  • Yes, she has. / No, it hasnt.

12
Present perfect simple uses
  • 1. Unfinished activities that began in the past
    and continue up to the present
  • Ive lived here for five years.
  • 2. Finished activities that occurred in the past
    but which have a result at present
  • Ive just been to the shops.
  • 3. Indefinite past experiences
  • Ive been to La Gomera.

13
Present perfect continuous form
  • Positive
  • I/You/ We/They have been living
  • She/He/It has been living

14
Present perfect continuous form
  • Negative
  • I/You/ We/They havent been living
  • She/He/It hasnt been living

15
Present perfect continuous form
  • Interrogative
  • Have you/I/we/they been living?
  • Yes, I have. / No, you havent.
  • Has she/he/it been living?
  • Yes, she has. / No, he hasnt.

16
Present perfect continuous form
  • 1. Unfinished activities that began in the past
    and continue up to the present
  • Ive been living here for five years.
  • 2. Finished activities that occurred in the past
    but which have a result at present
  • Ive been shopping.

17
Present perfect simple or continuous?
  • We can use both tenses for unfinished and
    finished activities that have a connection with
    the present moment.
  • But we prefer the present perfect simple
  • To emphasize the activity is finished
  • Ive read that book.
  • When we mention the number of things/times we
    have done something
  • Ive taken ten photos.
  • With stative verbs be, have, understand, love,
    see
  • Ive had my car for years.

18
Present perfect simple or continuous?
  • We prefer the present perfect continuous
  • To emphasize the activity is not finished
  • Ive been studying English for two years.
  • To emphasize the activity is long/repeated
  • Shes been trying to pass her driving test for
    years.
  • To emphasize the activity is temporary Hes
    been working in a bar this summer. (But then hes
    going to university)

19
PRESENT TENSES
  • Created by
  • Carmen Luisa Pérez Amaro
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