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Malaria Situation in Somaliland exNorth west Somalia

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... and mortality.The most common species of Plasmodium is Falciparum 80 ... immunity in all age groups and because of the virulency of the specie of malaria ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Malaria Situation in Somaliland exNorth west Somalia


1
Malaria Situation in Somaliland(ex-North west
Somalia)
  • Somaliland lies with the Sub-Saharan Africa at
    the horn of Africa where malaria is generally a
    major disease both in morbidity and mortality.The
    most common species of Plasmodium is Falciparum
    80 followed by Vivax 15.

2
Facts about the disease in the country.
  • Malaria is Hypoendemic throughout the regions
  • The whole country is prone to malaria epidemic
    except in some coastal areas where the climate is
    not favorable for malaria transmission.
  • During epidemics there is significantly high
    cases fatality because of the lack of immunity in
    all age groups and because of the virulency of
    the specie of malaria
  • Anopheles Arabiensis is the likely vector of the
    malaria transmission throughout the regions, but
    there is a possibility of other vectors that may
    transmit the disease.
  • Malaria epidemics became more frequent after the
    war between Ethiopia and Somalia in 1977, and
    farther deteriorated during the war between the
    previous government and opposition groups.

3
Malaria control and Roll Back malaria initiative
  • Malaria control activities are integrated with
    the other primary health care services.
  • Special unit is established under the PHC Dept.
  • WHO provides most of the drugs and lab
  • laboratory supplies to all the regions in the
    country.
  • Roll malaria initiative is adopted in principle
    in 1999.

4
Progress made in Roll Back Malaria
  • WHO coordinator of RBMI for Somaliland and
    Somalia has visited the country and conducted
    several workshops.
  • Several organizations such as Unicef has
    increased their support towards the control and
    management of malaria.
  • Intersectoral collaboration has been advocated
    and improved.

5
Constrains of the implementation of RBMI
  • Lack of specified funds
  • In sufficient technically competent staff
  • Unsatisfactory malaria control activities in
    place.
  • Lack of awareness of the UN agencies involved in
    Health (except WHO and Unicef) on this
    initiative.

6
Conclusions and recommendations
  • Roll back malaria initiative is still in
    embroyonic stage in Somaliland.
  • Special officer should be nominated for RBMI
    within the malaria unit.
  • Funds be allocated for the Initiative
  • Strenghthen the surveillace system and epidemics
    preparedness
  • Improve intersectoral and interagency
    collaborations.
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