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Mali:The general Culture

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With the succession of different Empires and Kingdom Mali has been a center and ... as Christian holidays such as Easter and Christmas are officially recognized. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mali:The general Culture


1
Mali The general Culture
  • Mali is a country of ancient civilizations. With
    the succession of different Empires and Kingdom
    Mali has been a center and crossroad of different
    African people from whom we inherited our current
    culture.
  • From this rich culture I will talk about some
    aspect.

2
  • -Weddings ht
  • tp//www.videobomb.com/posts/show/5996
  • Weddings are celebrated in 3 steps. In the
    morning the official celebration very similar to
    western wedding the traditional starts after
    that through drumming, balafon and other
    practices and will end by the entry to the
    nuptial room. Imam and witnesses celebrate the
    religious one at the Mosque.
  •  

3
  • -Baptism celebrated at the 7th day after the
    baby was born, early in the morning after morning
    prayer, a group of men will read some verses of
    the Koran and name the baby baby is always named
    after members or closes friends of the family.

4
  • -Funerals generally men at the cemetery bury
    bodies while women stay at home. All family,
    friends and neighbors will get together during
    one week at least to support the family of the
    dead foods, money and moral presence are
    supplied.

5
Rituals and Holy Places
  • Anniversary of the birth of the Prophet Mohammed
    and of his baptism.
  • Ramadan, or "small feast."
  • Tabaski, or "big feast," in commemoration of
    Abraham's sacrifice, forty days after Ramadam
  • families sacrifice a sheep, people wear their
    best outfits, and everyone busily exchanges gifts
    of meat and prepared foods as a sign of
    solidarity. e Islamic holidays as well as
    Christian holidays such as Easter and Christmas
    are officially recognized.

6
SECULAR CELEBRATIONS
  • A major public holiday in Mali, and the occasion
    of parades, political speeches, and other
    celebrations, is 22 September, Independence Day.
    Other public holidays include the commemoration
    of the overthrow of Moussa Traoré (25 March),
    Armed Forces Day (20 January), Labor Day (1 May),
    and Africa Day (25 May).

7
SECULAR CELEBRATIONS
  • In addition to the celebrations of the public
    calendar there are a number of well-known
    regional festivities, such as the sogobo of the
    Ségou region, the reroofing of the sacred hut in
    Kangaba, and the sigui, a Dogon festival
    celebrated every sixty years.

8
ARTS
  • While architectural styles in Mali vary, most
    buildings are made of sun-baked clay at Sudanese
    style.
  • The tradition of adobe architecture in Mali is
    more than a thousand years old. It has led to the
    construction of famous mosques in Djenne and
    Timbuktu and the well-known mansions of the
    ancient city of Djenne. This architecture is the
    living and triumphant proof of the integrity of
    the relation between population and their roots.

9
The mosque of Nando, Mali
10
The Mosque of Djene

11
Sankore Mosque
12
The university of Tombouctou Actual Sankore
mosque was more than merely a great intellectual
nucleus of the West African civilizations of
Ghana, Mali and Songhai. Among it most formidable
scholars, professors and lecturers were Ahmed
Baba--a highly distinguished historian frequently
quoted in the Tarikh-es-Sudan and other works.
Actually, all the ancient hand written documents
are kept in the Library of the Center Ahmed Baba.
13
The Askias Tomb
14
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15
  • Graphic Arts. Malian pottery, sculpture, and
    textile traditionsin particular bogolanfini,
    hand-woven cotton bands decorated with dyes and
    mud and sewn together to make clothsare
    extremely diverse and have been the subject of
    numerous studies. A visit to the Musée national
    du Mali, in Bamako, provides visitors with an
    appreciation of the richness of Malian artistic
    traditions. Finally, Malians artists have also
    distinguished themselves as film directors,
    including Souleymane Cissé, Cheick Oumar Sissoko,
    Adama Drabo, and Kadiatou Konaté.

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19
  • Performant Arts
  • In terms of the quality and success of Malian
    music, it suffices to mention stars of
    international reputation such as Salif Keita, Ali
    Farka Touré, Oumou Sangare, and Ami Koita.
    Extremely activeand with significant implication
    for developmentis the (predominantly comic)
    theater tradition in Mali known as koteba.

20
  • Ethnic Groups
  • Bambara, Fulani, Madingo, Sarakole, Bobo, Bzo
    Dogon, Touareg, Arabes,
  • Most ethnic groups distinguished among horonw
    (free people or nobles), nyamankalaw (mostly
    professional groups such as leather workers,
    griots, and smiths, not considered to be noble),
    and jonw/wolosow (first-generation slaves or
    slaves born in the family).
  •  

21
Dogon Culture
  • Masks http//www.dogon-lobi.ch/copie20de20dogon
    album.htm
  • The center of the country is the magnificently
    dramatic Bandiagara escarpment, home to the
    fascinating culture of the Dogon whose legend
    have included details about stars and the
    universe without any form of star gazing
    equipment, that scientist are only now
    discovering with modern telescopes.Ancient
    festivals are based around a star astronomers
    only discovered recently. Their main festival
    revolves around the star Sirius.
  •  

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25
Mali land of Peace, Hospitlity and Tolerance the
harmonization of our society through Dialiya,
Diatiguiya and Sinankouya 
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27
  • Mali is a peaceful country by it culture and
    tradition based on 3 important aspects which are
  • Dialiya  The peace maker, the master of the
    word  in charge of the transfer of history and
    tradition from generation to generation
  • Diatiguiya  is the art to receive foreign people
    or the passion of the hospitality.
  • Sinankouya  is the jogging relationship between
    ethnics group , tribes, cousins. These joking
    relationships have a powerful function to
    maintain social stability at the micro and macro
    level
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