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Archaeological Survey and Excavation

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Samarra' is a town on the east bank of the middle Tigris in Iraq, 125 km north ... Samarra' expanded to an occupied area of 57 km , one of the largest cities of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Archaeological Survey and Excavation


1
Archaeological Survey and Excavation
2
Survey and Excavation
  • Research Design
  • Finding Archaeological Sites
  • Excavation
  • Types of Sites

3
Research Design
  • Design and Formulation
  • Background Research
  • Research design
  • Implementation
  • Funding
  • Research team members
  • Permission
  • Data Acquisition
  • Field Research
  • Conservation
  • Initial Artifact processing
  • Processing and Analysis
  • Lab analysis
  • Curation
  • Interpretation
  • Final Report

4
Finding Sites
  • Accidentally
  • Iceman-1991
  • Lascaux
  • Archaeological Survey
  • surface survey
  • subsurface excavation
  • stp
  • auger
  • bank cuts
  • Remote Sensing
  • Ground penetrating radar
  • magnetic resistivity
  • Aerial Photography
  • mounds
  • crop marks
  •  Satellite Imagery
  •  Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

5
Accidental finding Iceman-1991
Austrian/Italian Alps
6
Accidental The Paleolithic Cave Paintings of
Lascaux, France
7
Great Hall of Bulls Lascaux, France
8
Survey
  • Surface
  • Monitoring surface for artifacts, architecture
  • Subsurface
  • Shovel test pits-small tests into the ground
  • Augering-using soil augers to test under ground
  • Bank cuts-walking along river banks

9
Ground Penetrating Radar
10
Magnetic Resistivity
11
Aerial Photography
Samarra' is a town on the east bank of the middle
Tigris in Iraq, 125 km north of Baghdad, Between
A.D. 836 and 892 it was the capital of the
Abbasid Caliphs. Samarra expanded to an occupied
area of 57 km², one of the largest cities of
ancient times.
12
Excavation
  • Vertical Excavation
  • Digging limited areas for info on stratigraphy
    and dating
  • Test Trenching
  • Area Excavation
  • Horizontal excavation
  • Block Areas
  • Underwater
  • Tools
  • Backhoes, Bulldozers
  • Picks, shovels, trowels
  • Dental picks, brushes
  • Recording
  • Stratigraphy
  •  

13
Vertical Excavation
14
Area Excavation
15
Underwater Archaeology
16
Types of Sites
  • Habitation Sites
  • Open campsites
  • Villages
  • Caves Rockshelters
  • Earthworks
  • Mounds
  • Forts
  • Shell Middens
  •  Ceremonial Sites
  • Architectural Sites
  • Burials and Cemetaries
  • Historic Sites
  •  
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