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Clear Ahead The Economy in the Near Term


Retrenchment? Drops in the economy. Exposure of Phil. ... by the national government for employment assistance for retrenched workers ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Clear Ahead The Economy in the Near Term

Clear AheadThe Economy in the Near Term
  • Cayetano Paderanga, Jr.
  • Chairman, Institute for Development and
    Econometric Analysis, Inc. (IDEA, Inc.)
  • Professor, UP School of Economics
  • 26 August 2009

Flow of the presentation
  • An Examination of the Crisis and its Effects
  • Genesis evolution of the crisis
  • The global crisis and the Philippines
  • Will the Philippines be hit by recession?
  • Prospects for businesses in Cebu
  • The Filipino consumer market
  • Challenges opportunities in Cebu
  • Revised IDEA Forecasts

An Examination of the Crisis and its Effects
Review of the crisis
Over -consumption of American consumers
Oil Cereals
Low inflation due to cheap imports
Higher interest rates lower asset prices
Bursting of sub-prime bubble (July 2007)
Dot-com crash 9/11
Very low fed funds rate
Global economic slowdownEffects on the
Toxic assets Flight to quality Risk aversion
Credit slowdown Real economy slowdown
Financial sector Portfolio investments FDIs Expo
rts OFW employment
Risk aversion (? r) Portfolio balancing
Demand decline Retrenchment?
Drops in the economy
Source NSO
  • Exposure of Phil. financial system (less than 1)
    to Lehman Brothers
  • Net outflow in portfolio investments
  • Net outflow in direct investments
  • Lower merchandise exports
  • Single-digit growth of OFW remittances

Slowdown From demand to supply side
  • Slowdown in the economys Expenditure side
    translated to weaker demand for products of the
  • Travel Tourism
  • Banking Finance
  • Manufacturing and Logistics
  • Wholesale and Retail
  • Some BPOs
  • Expenditure side
  • GDP Personal consumption expenditure
    Investments Government consumption (Exports

National Income AccountsExpenditure side
Source NIA
PCE, Investments, and Exports growth dropped
Cause of expenditure slowdownEffects of the
crisis on Filipino consumers
Source LFS
  • Unemployment has been increasing from Oct 2007
    (6.3) to Apr 2009 (7.5)
  • 26.4 of the labor force is underutilized

Cause of expenditure slowdown Effects of the
crisis on OFWs
Source NSCB
  • OFW deployment and remittances were on a
    downtrend in the later half of 2008

Personal consumption to domestic industries growth
  • PCE has grown by only 0.8 in Q1 2009
  • Far lower than its recent 4-5 percent growth
  • Affected Trade and Private Services
  • (indirectly Transport. Comm. Storage, Utilities)
  • Merchandise exports declined by 24.6
  • Affected Manufacturing
  • Capital Formation declined by 16.5
  • Affected Finance

National Income AccountsProduction side
Source NIA
Will the Philippines be hit by recession?
  • OFW remittances growth is still positive 2.7 in
    Q1 of 2009
  • 3.0 in Q2
  • Relatively better economic growth than neighbor
  • Not likely to experience recession
  • PHISIX already on the uptrend

How recovery is unfolding
  • In large industrialized countries where the
    crisis started.
  • First, Financial sector
  • Then, the Real sector
  • The Philippines can only put in place
    policies/programs to temper effects of lower
    exports and remittances to Filipino consumers

IMF calculationsDuration of recessions
  • Financial crises take longer.

When is the recovery?
  • Evidence from the US (stocks as proxy)
  • US financial shock only 8 months
  • Global crisis 16 months from last peak
  • Predicted Q4 2009 or Q1 2010
  • Illustration

Key Government Policies (1)
  • Philippine Economic Resiliency Plan (P330
  • Ensure sustainable growth
  • Save and create jobs
  • Protect the most vulnerable sectors
  • poorest of the poor, returning overseas Filipino
    workers, and workers in export industries
  • Ensure low and stable prices
  • Improve competitiveness

Key Government Policies
  • Breakdown of the Philippine Economic Resiliency
    Plan (P330 billion)
  • PhP 160 billion for small, community level
    infrastructure projects and social protection
  • PhP 40 billion tax cuts and the scheduled cut in
    corporate income taxes
  • PhP 100 billion for large infrastructure
  • PhP 30 billion (US638 million) additional
    benefits to members by social security

Key Government Policies (2)
  • Increased efforts in the deployment of OFWs
  • Hiring agreements with some host countries and
  • Training OFWs
  • For healthcare, education, power/energy, and real
    estate sectors

Key monetary policies
  • Policy rate cuts
  • BSP has slashed key policy rates by as much as 2
    percentage points since Dec 2008
  • Managing exchange rate level
  • Domestic liquidity
  • Managed inflation expectations

Other forces to RPs recovery
  • OFW Remittances
  • Continued growth in remittances (latest 3.3 )
  • Increase in OFW deployment
  • Government spending
  • Governments pump-priming activities
  • Foreign Direct Investments
  • In Agri-industrial sector, Business process
    outsourcing sector, Creative industries (film,
    design, music), Infrastructure and logistics,
    Manufacturing, Mining, Tourism
  • (Joint Foreign Chambers of the Philippines
  • Election spending

Prospects for Business in CebuThe Filipino
Profiling Cebu
  • A study from a strategic advisory firm for
    global outsourcing and investments revealed that
    Cebu is actually the most promising city
    worldwide in terms of hosting BPO investments.
  • Ranked as 8th in the Top 10 Asian Cities of the
    Future -- the Finance Direct Investment (fDi)
    magazine of the Financial Times Group (2008)
  • One of the top 20 (20th)Best Places to Live" in
    the country MoneySense (2008)
  • Tholons

Profiling Region 7Gross Regional Domestic
  • Within the past ten years, the region recorded an
    average year-on-year growth rate of 5.2.

Source National Statistical Coordination Board
  • Industries with double-digit growth
  • Forestry, Construction, Trade, Finance

Drivers of growth
  • Tourism
  • Cebu posted an 8.51 growth in tourist arrivals
    despite the drop in key foreign markets at the
    onset of the global economic crisis last year --
    Dept. of Tourism
  • A record from the Department of Tourism Planning
    and Promotions Department revealed that Cebu
    generated a total of 321,116 foreign tourists in
    the first semester of this year and topped the
    over-all foreign arrival comparative by
  • BPO industry
  • BPO companies based in Cebu employ 50,000 people
    and there have been no reports of retrenchments
    in the industry -- Cebu Investment and Promotions
    Center (CIPC)
  • Cebu City leads the Top 50 Emerging Global
    Outsourcing Cities according to a recent study
    released by Tholons, a strategic advisory firm
    for global outsourcing and investments (2009).

Spillover effects of Tourism BPO
  • Other industries that benefit
  • Banking
  • Construction
  • Power
  • Retail trade
  • Transportation
  • Investments related to tourist accommodations
  • Spa centers
  • Fitness wellness hubs

ChallengesThe economy and the households
  • Effects of the slowdown to vary across
    socio-economic status of HHs
  • Higher-income HHs lower savings
  • Middle-income HHs lower consumption,
    substitution in consumer goods, priority for
    certain goods and services
  • Lower-income HHs run down savings, cut down
    spending, borrow resources

ChallengesCoping strategies
  • Reduce consumption of non-food items
  • Reduce consumption of food
  • Look for other sources of income
  • OFW remittances
  • Borrow
  • Dip into Savings

Source Pulse Asia, Inc.
2nd Quarter 2009Consumer Confidence
Source BSP
  • Weaker consumer outlook attributed to the
    softening labor market and lower family income
    due to the recessionary conditions in the global
  • Declined consumer confidence on all 3 indicators
    economic condition of the country, family
    financial situations, and family income

2nd Quarter 2009Business Confidence
Source BSP
  • Business sentiment improved as respondents
    expected an economic turnaround to commence in Q3

2nd Quarter 2009Business Confidence
  • Optimism was driven by improving confidence in
    the US and global financial markets - due to
    fiscal stimulus packages of G20 nations - and by
    the announcement of the govt's Economic
    Resiliency Plan, series of policy rate cuts, and
    the decelerating inflation. Also helped by the
    summer season and school opening in June
  • Exporters and importers turn optimistic in the
    next quarter
  • Small, medium and large firms are more positive
    in the next quarter
  • Positive outlook across all sectors
  • Expectations of better credit access and
    financial conditions improve
  • Employment outlook turns less negative but the
    number of industrial firms with expansion plans
    is still quite limited
  • Competition, weak demand, and financial problems
    are still the major risks to business

Challenges for Cebu Reg. 7
  • Global crisis threatens foreigners buying power
  • Manufacturing industry in the region has been in
    a hemorrhagic state due to the lifestyle change
    of the provinces foreign markets stemming from
    the economic downturn

Challenges for Cebu Reg. 7Cost of doing
Challenges for Cebu Reg. 7Cost of doing
Other challenges
  • Lack of software developers threatens BPO sector
  • CIPC Infrastructure is Cebus weakest point.
  • Water and power supply should be the main focus
    and it should be privatized to ensure stability
    of supply. The roads should be improved to
    address congestion in the streets
  • Strong private-public partnership should continue
    to be harnessed in view of addressing major
    challenges, and eventually improving Cebus

CIPC Cebu Investments Promotion Center
Government assistance
  • DOLE Multi-million fund allotted by the national
    government for employment assistance for
    retrenched workers
  • Alternative employment and livelihood programs
    will also be introduced to retrenched workers
  • Even students interested to work during the
    summer break will be given the chance to fill out
    the 20,000 slots prepared for them

Opportunities amidst the crisis
  • The global economic crisis has not restrained
    Cebus fast-advancing BPO industry according to
    NEDA Region 7.
  • Even if other export industries have stopped
    expanding and were even forced to downsize
    operations, the BPO and related industries have
    continued to expand and remain bullish.
  • Local officials from different parts of Cebu
    pledged commitment to support BPO companies in
    all aspects, even with their immigration
  • The cost of doing business in the province is
    relatively lower office space rentals are only
    one-third of the going rate in Metro Manila and
    electricity rates are approximately 30 less than
    the rate in Metro Manila at Php7 per
  • A labor force with more than 3.7 million members
    is also present in the province.
  • These workers are fluent in English, equipped
    with working knowledge, and trainable. Roughly
    one-fifth of the annual 23,000 college graduates
    hold engineering and computer-related degrees.
  • Cebu Citys 300-hectare South Road Properties
    (SRP) is envisioned to be the growth and
    development driver of the city

Economic performance in 2009-2011Revised IDEA
IDEA ForecastsAssumptions
Gross domestic product
  • Production side
  • GDP A I S
  • GDP Agriculture, Fishery, Forestry Industry

Production sideAgriculture, Fishery and Forestry
  • High output this year due to earlier harvests,
    but expected to slow down
  • Rice prices are lower
  • Biggest risk factors costly fertilizer, weather
    conditions and economic downturn

Production sideIndustry sector
  • Decline in Manufacturing due to slowdown in
    demand from developed countries
  • Utilities slowdown due to small growth in
    personal and corporate expenditures
  • Construction boosted by government stimulus
    programs and lower interest rates

Production sideService sector
  • Slow pickup in demand to affect Trade, Logistics,
    and Private Services
  • Weak US economy reinforces cost considerations,
    supporting BPO industry

Gross domestic product
  • Production side
  • GDP A I S
  • GDP Agriculture, Fishery, Forestry Industry
  • Demand side
  • GDP C I G (X M)
  • GDP Personal Consumption Investments
    Government Consumption Net Exports

IDEA Forecasts Expenditure side
  • PCE to rely on consumer confidence in the economy
  • Govt Consumption to boost the economy through
    stimulus packages
  • Investments, Exports, and Imports will depend on
    external developments and government policies

IDEA Forecasts Philippine economic growth
  • Revised IDEA Forecast for 2009 within DBCC target
    of 0.8-1.8
  • Higher growth in 2010 and 2011 expected

Clear AheadThe Economy in the Near Term
  • Cayetano Paderanga, Jr.
  • Chairman, Institute for Development and
    Econometric Analysis, Inc. (IDEA, Inc.)
  • Professor, UP School of Economics
  • Thank you.

GDP growth in Q1 2009 (yoy)
  • Large industrialized nations
  • US -4.6
  • EU (27-nation) -4.4
  • Europe (16-nation) -4.6
  • Russia -9.5
  • Germany -6.7
  • Japan -15.2
  • Singapore -10.1
  • Hongkong -7.8
  • Emerging developing
  • China 6.1
  • India 5.8
  • Indonesia 4.4
  • Philippines 0.4
  • Malaysia -6.2
  • S. Africa -6.4
  • Thailand -7.1

US Current Account Balance
Global economic slowdownDevelopment of the crisis
Original Mortgages
SIVs (e.g. REITs)/Banks
High credit ratings
Global economic slowdownDevelopment of the crisis
  • Process of subordination (tranche-ing)

SIV structured investment vehicles
Global economic slowdownDevelopment of the crisis
  • What happens when the original mortgagor

  • Index is already on the uptrend