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UK Legislation Overview

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Overview of UK legislation England & Wales. Short presentation ... Prior to 1963 Acts cited by regnal year, e.g.: Debtors Act 1869 (32 & 33 Vict cap 62) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: UK Legislation Overview


1
UK Legislation Overview
  • Bodleian Law Library
  • Last updated July 2008

2
Introduction
  • Overview of UK legislation England Wales
  • Short presentation
  • Opportunity for questions at the end

3
Types of legislation
  • Primary legislation
  • Bills Public, Private and Hybrid
  • Acts Public General, Local and Personal
  • Secondary or delegated legislation
  • Statutory Instruments (S.I.s)
  • Orders, Codes of Practice, etc

4
Pre-legislative materials
  • Before a Bill is introduced research may have
    already been conducted in the form of
  • Green papers
  • White papers
  • Law Commission reports and working papers
  • Royal Commissions
  • Public Inquiries

5
Where to find
  • information on pre-legislative materials
  • Current Legal Information (CLI) LRDI database
    (Also on Westlaw)
  • Lawtel Bills, Command Papers and News Press
    databases
  • Internet check Government websites and the
    Parliament website

6
Progress of a Bill
  • A bill can start in either the Commons or Lords
  • First Reading the bill's title is read out in
    parliament
  • Second Reading debate on the general principles
    of the bill
  • Committee Stage the bill is examined clause by
    clause and amendments discussed
  • Report Stage allows for further amendments to
    be made on the bill
  • Third Reading a final opportunity to comment on
    the amended bill
  • Once the bill has completed the same procedure in
    each House the final text of Bill is agreed
  • Bill receives Royal Assent and becomes an Act of
    Parliament

7
Citing references to
  • Bills
  • Bill is assigned a new number each time it is
    reprinted
  • References to Parliamentary Bills should include
    short title, Parliamentary Session in round
    brackets and Bill number, e.g.
  • Prevention of Terrorism HC Bill (2004 2005)
    61
  • Prevention of Terrorism HL Bill (2004 2005) 34

8
Where to find
  • information on Bills
  • Parliament website
  • http//www.parliament.uk/bills/bills.cfm
  • Hansard
  • Weekly Information Bulletin
  • Sessional Information Digest
  • LexisNexis Butterworths
  • CLI
  • Lawtel

9
Acts
  • Royal Assent
  • Act comes in force
  • Straightaway
  • Day to be assigned
  • Commencement orders

10
Citing references to
  • Acts
  • Public General Acts are cited using Arabic
    numerals, e.g.
  • Companies Act 1985 (c 6)
  • Prior to 1963 Acts cited by regnal year, e.g.
  • Debtors Act 1869 (32 33 Vict cap 62)

11
Citing references to
  • Acts (continued)
  • Local Acts are cited using Roman numerals, e.g.
  • British Railways (Liverpool Street Station) Act
    1983 (cap. iv)
  • Personal Private Acts are cited using Arabic
    numerals given in italics, e.g.
  • Hugh Small and Norma Small (Marriage Enabling)
    Act 1982 (cap. 2)

12
Where to find
  • original texts of Acts
  • Queens Printers copy
  • Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI)
    website
  • http//www.opsi.gov.uk/
  • Current Law Statutes Annotated
  • Justis
  • Westlaw
  • Law Reports Statutes
  • amended texts of Acts
  • Halsburys Statutes
  • LexisNexis Butterworths
  • Westlaw

13
Secondary legislation
  • Majority of secondary legislation is in the form
    of S.I.s
  • Over 3,500 S.I.s are made each year
  • S.I.s are used to add detail to an Act
  • Also used to bring Acts into force (commencement
    orders)

14
Citing references to
  • S.I.s
  • Draft S.I.s are not numbered
  • Once an SI is approved it receives the next
    sequential number within the year, e.g.
  • The Licensing Act 2003 (Personal licences)
    Regulations 2005 S.I. 2005 No.41

15
Where to find
  • information on S.I.s
  • OPSI website
  • http//www.opsi.gov.uk/
  • Halsburys Statutory Instruments
  • LexisNexis Butterworths
  • Justis
  • Westlaw or CLI

16
Updating legislation
  • Important to always check the status of a piece
    of legislation
  • To avoid using out-of-date information
  • Ensure accuracy

17
Where to find
  • the status of a piece of legislation
  • Is It In Force?
  • LexisNexis Butterworths
  • Justis
  • Lawtel
  • Westlaw and CLI
  • Current Law Legislation Citators
  • Halsburys Statutes
  • Halsburys Statutory Instruments

18
Devolution
  • The Government of Wales Act 1998
  • The Scotland Act 1998
  • The Northern Ireland Act 1998

19
Wales
  • National Assembly of Wales
  • http//www.wales.gov.uk
  • Secondary legislation in certain areas

20
Scotland
  • Scottish Parliament
  • http//www.scottish.parliament.uk
  • Primary and secondary legislation with certain
    exceptions

21
Northern Ireland
  • Northern Ireland Assembly
  • http//www.niassembly.gov.uk
  • Primary and secondary legislation with certain
    exceptions
  • Currently suspended

22
Summary
  • Use the list of databases on the Law Library
    website
  • http//www.ouls.ox.ac.uk/law/e-resources_and_guide
    s/legal_databases_-_subjectlegislation
  • Law Library website also contains self-paced
    tutorials
  • http//www.ouls.ox.ac.uk/law/e-resources_and_guide
    s/training/database_guides
  • Refer to the Parliament website for background
    information on legislative process and current
    status
  • http//www.parliament.uk/
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