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The Basque Education System

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Title: The Basque Education System


1
The Basque Education System
  • Overview

2
Basque Ministry of Education http//www.hezkuntza
.ejgv.euskadi.net/r43-2722/en
Basque Institute for Reasearch and Evaluation in
Education http//www.isei-ivei.net
3
Basque Country (People)
  • Politically divided into three different
    Administrations (Two in Spain, one in France)
  • Autonomous Community of the Basque Country
  • Navarre
  • French Basque Country

4
The Autonomous Community of the Basque Country
5
THE BASQUE LANGUAGE
  • Two families of languages, the Uralic and the
    Indo-European, are to be found in Europe, but
    Basque is not genetically linked to either,
    lacking ties to family or origin.
  • It is likely that an early form of the Basque
    language was present in Western Europe before the
    arrival of the Indo-European languages to the
    area, including what became the Germanic
    languages, Celtic languages, and Western Romance
    languages.
  • Today, Basque is a lesser-used language in the
    Basque territories.

6
The Basque Language
  • But the Basque Education System can be a powerful
    tool to spread the knowledge of the language.
  • The Basque language in the Education System today
    (Infant Education) more than the 90 of the
    students (Infant Education) enrolled in Basque
    Immersion Programmes

7
Education Main features
  • Full responsibility in Education.
  • 330.000 students (2005) (except university
    levels)
  • Multilingual
  • Official languages Basque and Spanish (mainly
    Basque immersion)
  • Main foreign language English (starting at the
    age of 4)
  • Three Linguistic Models to choose.
  • Preschool 100 of the students at school at the
    age of 3, 90 at 2.
  • 45 of the curriculum decided in the Basque
    Country
  • Compulsory Education 6 to 16 years old.

8
Secondary Compulsory Education (13-16)
  • The Basque education System guarantees the
    provision of compulsory education free of charge
    from ages 6 to 16.
  • Education is structured on four levels
  • Infant (0-5)
  • Primary (up to age 12),
  • Secondary (up to 16) and
  • Further Education/ Vocational Training, extending
    subsequently to university, polytechnic and
    higher vocational training college studies.
  • In December 2002 a decree was passed regulating
    early-learning canters for children up to the age
    of 3.
  • There are four universities in the Basque
    Country, with a total of 28 faculties or
    colleges, 3 higher technical colleges and 11
    university colleges.
  • The publicly-run University of the Basque Country
    (EHU-UPV) provides higher education in a range of
    areas, including Medicine, Science, Fine Arts,
    Journalism, Economics and Industrial Engineering.

High School
compulsory
Primary Education (6-12)
Infant Education (0-5)
9
THE BASQUE INSTITUTE FOR RESEARCH AND EVALUATION
IN EDUCATION
  • Established in 2001
  • Mission
  • Assess and evaluate the whole Education System
  • Carry out Educational Research
  • Manage the Educational Documentation centre.

www.isei-ivei.net
10
PISA 2006 RESULTS
  • THE BASQUE COUNTRY IS ON THE OECD MEAN IN
    SCIENCE, MATHS AND READING

11
THE PISA PICTURE 2003-2006
  • PISA shows a similar picture of the Basque
    Education in 2003 and 2006
  • OECD-average achievement in the 3 Key
    Competences.
  • Equity, very similar results for all students.
  • Less low scores than in the OECD but less
    excellence.

12
THE SAMPLE TO OBTAIN RESULTS BY LINGUISTIC
MODELS AND PUBLIC/PRIVATE
WITH PUBLIC FUNDS
13
STRATA
14
SCIENCE 495, BETTER THAN IN 2003
15
COUNTRIES AT THE SAME LAVEL THAN BASQUE IN SCIENCE
16
SCIENCE LEVELS LESS LOW SCORES THAN OECD BUT
LESS EXCELLENCE TOO
17
WE HAVE IMPROVED RESULTS IN 2006 COMPARING WITH
2003
18
THE PICTURE OF THE BASQUE EDUCATION SYSTEM
  • PISA 2006

19
ESCS AND SCIENCE SLIGHTLY LOWER THAN EXPECTED
20
MORE EFFICIENT SCHOOLS WITH LOW ESCS STUDENTS
THAN OECD
BASQUE gradient
OECD gradient
The sample is not good for schools
21
EQUITY
  • Gerard F.M. (2001)Le concept déquité est lie a
    la justice sociale un système éducatif est
    dautant plus équitable quil réduit les
    disparités entre les plus forts et les plus
    faibles, entre les groupes favorises et
    défavorises.
  •  The concept of Equity is linked with the social
    justice an education system is more equitable if
    it reduces disparities between the strongest and
    the wekest, between advantaged and disadvantaged
    groups. 

22
ABSOLUTE EQUITY OF STUDENTS AT gt1 AND 1 LEVELS
(15,7), BETTER THAN THE OECD AVERAGE
23
EQUITYLOW DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE BEST AND THE
WORSE SCORES (PERC. 5 AND 95)
SOURCE IE
24
EQUITY PUBLIC-PRIVATE SCHOOLS ESCS THE LOWEST
DIFFERENCE AMONG SPANISH COMMUNITIES
25
MATHEMATICS AN READING RESULTS
  • 2006

26
MATHEMATICS RESULTS 2006
MATHEMATICS
THE SAME RESULT IN 2003
27
EVOLUTION 2003-2006 SAME RESULT
28
READING RESULTS 2006
READING
29
EVOLUTION 2003-2006 LOWER SCORE IN 2006
30
PISA 2006SCIENCE RESULTS AND REGIONS,
COMMUNITIES AND TERRITORIES
  • ISEI-IVEI
  • BASQUE COUNTRY

31
ESCS LEVELS
32
VARIANCE EXPLAINED BY ESCS SMALL INFLUENCE OF
THIS VARIABLE
33
SCIENCE RESULT AND ESCS SLIGHTLY LOWER THAN
EXPECTED
Bolzano
Veneto
Scotland
Basque
Liguria
Andalusia
Campania
34
MATHEMATICS RESULT AND ESCS SLIGHTLY BETTER THAN
EXPECTED
Flemish C.
La Rioja
C.-León
Trento
Scotland
Basque
Andalusia
Liguria
Sicilia
35
READING SCORE AND ESCS EXPECTED RESULT
Friuli VG
Veneto
Bolzano
Basque
Galicia
Andalusia
Sicilia
36
CHANGES THAT WE ARE IMPLEMENTING NOW
  • New Curriculum Decree, introducing Basic
    Competences.
  • Our amount of hours in science is the lowest
    comparing with the Spanish Communities we will
    increase teaching hours in Science.

37
DIAGNOSTIC ASSESSMENT
  • We will start in 2009 with census external
    assessments (all students every year)
  • The aim is to know the acquisition of the Basic
    Competences in Primary 4th and L. Secondary 2nd,
    2 years before the end of the Primary and
    Secondary, to solve problems and improve results.
  • The 8 Competences Competences in Science and
    Technology, Learning to learn, Mathematical
    Competence, Linguistic Communication, Information
    and Communication Technologies, Social and civic
    Competences, Personal autonomy and
    entrepreneurship.

38
A COMBINATION OF INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL ASSESSMENTS
  • We will provide, the next year, tests for schools
    for internal voluntary assessment.
  • At the same time we will apply external tests to
    provide reliable and comparable measures to the
    school, professors and parents.
  • It is a very challenging project for the
    ISEI-IVEI 35.000 students every year with short
    periods for data analysis an reporting.

39
EUROPE 2010 INDICATORS AND THE BASQUE COUNTRY
  • THE LISBON OBJECTIVES

40
PERCENTAGE OF STUDENTS FINISHING POST-COMPULSORY
SECONDARY EDUCATION 2005
BASQUE COUNTRY 80.4 EU 77.3
41
PARTICIPATION IN LIFELONG LEARNING 2005
BASQUE COUNTRY 15.1 EU 10.8
42
EARLY SCHOOL LEAVERS RATE 2005
BASQUE COUNTRY 13.9 EU 14.9
43
MATEMATICS, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY GRADUATES 2005
BASQUE COUNTRY 25.3 EU 12.3
44
THANK YOU
  • www.isei-ivei.net
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