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HIVAIDS and young girls, related to violence

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Women Against AIDS in Kilimanjaro alias 'Kikundi cha Wanawake Kilimanjaro ... parts of Tanzania, Female Genital Mutilation is still rampant although illegal. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HIVAIDS and young girls, related to violence


1
HIV/AIDS and young girls, related to violence
  • Dafrosa Itemba
  • Executive Coordinator
  • (KIWAKKUKI)
  • Women Against AIDS in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
  • 16th January 2007, Oslo

2
Women Against AIDS in Kilimanjaro alias Kikundi
cha Wanawake Kilimanjaro Kupambana na UKIMWI -
KIWAKKUKI ) exists because of the cause the women
decided to pursue 16 years ago, to empower gt
5,000 women and let them be exemplary in the war
against AIDS. There was and still there is a big
need to prevent the further spread of HIV and to
lobby and advocate for facilitative policies for
the access to human rights especially those of
the girl child.
3
Issues
  • The concept of Human Rights For All has been
    established and accepted by the United Nations as
    one of the Millennium Development Goals.
  • Its true , many girls in Tanzania and Africa in
    general have fallen victims of the oppressive
    African traditions and culture and consequently
    have lacked capacity for self defence when
    harmed, or assaulted.

4
Issues
  • For the girl child, AIDS has either blocked or
    complicated their access to rights particularly
    regarding the right to education, good health
    and nutrition, shelter, recreation/play,
    protection from harm, inheritance of family
    property on bereavement , birth registration,
    psychosocial support and to be allowed to choose
    caretakers be they grandmothers or other
    relatives when they are orphaned.

5
Issues
  • What we are witnessing today in our community is
    increased stigma and discrimination brought by
    AIDS , increased risk of HIV transmission, loss
    of dignity, self esteem and identity for the girl
    child.
  • Research shows HIV/AIDS prevalence being higher
    among girls than boys, and violence is higher
    towards girls than boys.
  • Moreover, many cases go unreported and unattended
    by the so called safety nets.

6
Methods used to gather violence cases byKIWAKKUKI
  • Hold sessions with school children, collect and
    document their stories and try to improve their
    assertive action. These girls struggles are
    apparently with the conservative gate keepers, so
    its not an easy struggle.
  • Conducting Straight Talk among school children to
    hear their struggles.

7
Methods used to gather violence cases byKIWAKKUKI
  • Conducting home visits to listen to girls and
    their caregivers/guardians.
  • Village women holding demonstrations in protest
    of rape and other sexual offences which endanger
    the girls lives.
  • Organising and International Child Development
    Programme (ICDP) to empower both the children (
    especially girls) to be able to improve
    communication with their caregivers and
    facilitate early report of violence activities.

8
Methods byKIWAKKUKI contd..
  • Hold meetings with girls and Vulnerable Children
    (OVC), listen to their experiences of abuse, and
    document and establish childrens clubs in order
    to improve their resilience against the
    difficulties that they face after bereavement
    both at home,at school and in the community.

9
Childrens Recreational Club
10
Girls discussing their experiences in group work
11
MethodsKIWAKKUKI contd..
  • Refer evidence based abuse cases to Legal AIDS
    Clinics for further management and provision of
    access to rights.
  • Lobby through Community Service Organizations
    Coalition (Kilimanjaro Intermediary Gender
    Network) to expose these abuse cases and others,
    and to build networks in order to influence
    policies and outdated laws.

12
Stories Reported to KIWAKKUKI
  • Girls being raped and HIV-infected from the
    people they usually trust like their relatives,
    neighbours, family friends and step brothers
    (sometimes they already know their HIV-positive
    status)
  • Girls being raped by community members in the
    bushes, under coffee or banana trees, in maize
    farms and also while cutting grass for cattle
    since this is a girl child job.

13
Stories Reported to KIWAKKUKI contd
  • Some girls report being sexually abused by their
    teachers. One case is still in court whereby the
    teacher is in police custody and the girl is
    attending school while already sick with AIDS.
    He used to call me to his office and ask me to
    lay under his office table and put his thing in
    here
  • Girls falling victims of evacuation and blames
    put on their mothers by their in-laws after the
    death of the husband. Some girls end up sharing
    rooms with their mothers who in turn may end up
    in prostitution.

14
Stories Reported to KIWAKKUKI contd
  • In Kilimanjaro region as in many parts of
    Tanzania, Female Genital Mutilation is still
    rampant although illegal. Efforts of the civil
    society have been frustrated because the
    cicumcisorsin collaboration with parents
    especially mothers and grandmothers have started
    to mutilate baby girls and put them at risk of
    genital infections and HIV infection since some
    use the same knife for more than one baby!

15
Stories Reported to KIWAKKUKI contd
  • AIDS deaths have left behind several AIDS orphans
    and vulnerable children. Some girls become family
    heads between 14 and 18 years. The first thing
    is that they stop going to school to become bread
    winners. Many have reported cases of working as
    house maids and they end up sleeping with the
    fathers of the house and other boys in the house
    in fear of more violence and some have been
    infected.

16
Stories Reported to KIWAKKUKI contd
  • Some girl children have been sexually abused in
    order to meet the demands of the diviner priests
    who advise the HIV infected men to sleep with
    virgins and that they will be cleansed. This
    appears in newspapers and there is no way the
    girls remain safe from the virus.

17
Map of Kilimanjaro
MAP OF KILIMANJARO SHOWING KIWAKKUKI GRASSROOTS
GROUPS 2006
POINTS PER
KEY 40grassroots Districts
18
More stories Reported to KIWAKKUKI contd
  • The silent violence is portrayed in many
    scenarios
  • No administration of Post exposure prophylaxis,
  • No follow up by relatives and law enforcers.
  • Stigma attached to girls by caregivers, teachers,
    peers and community when sexually molested.
  • Verbal abuse to girls when things go wrong or
    when they cant succumb to mens desires.
  • Violence in the domestic sphere isnot handled
    as a serious crime but a private matter .

19
This Family received a house built by KIWAKKUKI
and with some support from the community. The
deceased husbands brother demanded to take the
house away for his own and leave the mother with
only a mud house . Only through the intervention
of KIWAKKUKI was this catastrophe averted. The
girl child would have suffered more than the boys.
20
Some of the cases handled in 2006
  • Girls deserted 3 cases
  • Rape/ Sexual abuse by HIV infected man, guardian
    5.
  • Raped and infected by teacher - 1
  • Property Confiscation - 3
  • FGM cases for babies at birth 5
  • Letter written to KIWAKKUKI informing on
    harassment by uncle after failed rape attempt - 1

21
Implications for Programmes.
  • There is a link between HIV and violence among
    girls which makes them highly vulnerable need
    for HIV/Violence Prevention programmes for girls.
  • Explore possible economic and social safety nets
    to protect girls and reduce their dependence y
    and vulnerability.
  • Need to increase girls empowerment on violence
    resistance skills.
  • Transform grassroots women struggles for the
    survival of the girl child, into a United Nations
    Campaign where the home countries have failed to
    respond.

22
Implications contd..
  • Lets all solve a part of the puzzle around Human
    Rights as related to the girl child. Its not a
    womens issue but a global development issue!
    Lets give AIDS and girls a human face!

23
All Nations unite to end violence against the
girl child. Thanks!
  • Box 567
  • Moshi, Tanzania
  • 255-(0)-27-27-51504
  • kiwakkuki_at_kilionline.com
  • www.kiwakkuki.org
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