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THRUST AREAS FOR KHARIF CROPS AND IMPORTANT INTERVENTIONS FOR FOOD SECURITY WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON RI

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THRUST AREAS FOR KHARIF CROPS AND IMPORTANT INTERVENTIONS ... Setting up of de-gumming & de-corticating units for ramie. Over all Thrust Areas for Kharif 2007 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THRUST AREAS FOR KHARIF CROPS AND IMPORTANT INTERVENTIONS FOR FOOD SECURITY WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON RI


1
THRUST AREAS FOR KHARIF CROPS AND IMPORTANT
INTERVENTIONS FOR FOOD SECURITY WITH SPECIAL
FOCUS ON RICE AND WHEAT PRODUCTION
National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif
Campaign-2007 3-4th April, 2007
  • Dr. N.B. Singh
  • Agriculture Commissioner
  • Department of Agriculture Cooperation

2
PROJECTED REQUIREMENT OF FOODGRAINS
3
TREND OF AREA, PRODUCTION AND YIELD OF
FOODGRAINS
( 3 years moving
averages)
Kg/ha
m. tones
m.ha
4
SHARE OF CROPS IN OVERALL FOODGRAIN PRODUCTION
(1989-90 2005-06)
5
PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVTY OF KHARIF RABI
FOODGRAINS
Second Advance Estimates
6
REGION WISE SHARE OF AREA AND PRODUCTION OF
RICE
SHARE OF NORTHERN ZONE IN RICE
AREA
PRODUCTION
northern
northern
others
others
eastern
eastern
7
Region-wise share of Area and Production of wheat
Area
Production
8
Growth Performance of Cereals and Total
Foodgrains during 1990-91 to 2005-06
9
Yield Gap in different crops
Lint x 3 Kapas
Note Potential Yield is the average yield of 5
years (1996-2000) of 5 best entries in Advance
Varietal Trial II of All India Coordinated
Trials Reference Agriculture Situation in India,
August2002 pp 259-266
10
Yield Gap in Pulses
Source Expert Committee Report on Pulses (TMOP)
/ MOA
11
Imbalance Nutrient (NPK) Usage (2005-06)
Ideal NPK Ratio 421
12
Wide spread deficiency of zinc
Source IISS, Bhopal(ICAR)
13
Deficiency of Manganese
Source IISS, Bhopal
14
Widespread Boron deficiency
Source IISS, Bhopal (ICAR)
15
Regional Variation in Productivity of Cereals
(tons / ha)
16
Rice Thrust Areas and Required Interventions
Major States W B( 5.8 m ha, 14.86 m.t.) U.P
(5.6 m ha,11..13 m.t.) Orissa (4.5 m ha,6.75 m.
t.) A.P. (4.0 m ha ,11.69 m.t.) Punjab( 2.6 m
ha, 10..19 m.t.), Hary ( 1.05 m ha,3..21 m.t.)
17
SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) METHOD -
Also known as Medagaskar system - 10-12
days old seedlings are transplanted -
Flooding of land avoided. A wet and dry cycle
is followed at interval to maintain soil
moisture - Weed management through harrow
/rotavation/ weedicides - Channels are
prepared after every 10 to 15 m for
drainage - Can be easily adopted in assured
irrigated areas in all States
18
IDENTIFIED POTENTIAL DISTRICTS (100) FOR
ENHANCING PRODUCTIVITY OF RICE
19
Identified potential districts for enhancing
production productivity of rice
  • A.P. Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Mahboobnagar,
    Medak, Visakhapatnam.
  • Bihar Buxar, Rohtas, Bhojpur, Katihar, Nalanda,
    Banka, Shekpura, Madhepura, Saharsa, Araria,
    Supaul, Madhubhani, Khagaria
  • Chhattisgarh Jashpur, Korba, Mahasamund,
    Raigarh, Raipur, Sarguja
  • Haryana Ambala, Yamunangar, Kaithal, Panipat,
    Jind, Sonepat, Karnal
  • Jharkhand Dumka, Singhbhum (E), Singhbhum (W),
    Ranchi, Gumla
  • Karnataka Chikmagalur, Hassan, Gulbarga,
    Shimoga, Udupi, Haveri, Uttarakanada,
    Belgau
  • M.P. Gwalior, Balaghat
  • Orissa Bolangir, Angul, Kalahandi, Keonjhar,
    Cuttack, Jajpur, Kendrapara, Malkangiri,
    Sundergarh, Mayurbhanj, Puri, Ganjam, Balasore
  • Punjab Jalandhar, Nuvansahar, Kapurthala, Ropar,
    Amritsar, Hosiarpur, Gurdaspur
  • T. N. Puddukotai, Perambadur, Thanjavur,
    Thiruvannamalai, Virdhunagar, Sivganga,
    Nagapattinam, Thiruvanur

20
Thrust Areas and Interventions Required for Wheat
Major States U.P.(9.2 m ha ,23.57 m.t.) Punjab
( 3.5 m ha,14.49 m.t.) Haryana (2.3 ha, 8.88
m.t.) M.P. (3.7 m ha, 5.96 m.t.) Raj (2.1 m ha
,5.86 m.t.) Bihar (2.0 m ha,3.66 m.t.) Mah (1.1
m ha,1.45 m.t.)
21
Progress of sowing of wheat during 2006-07
Weekly growth () 2006-07 29.53 2005-06 40.43
2006-07
2005-06
22
Further Action for Varietal Development and
Agronomic practices in Wheat
  • Development of new varieties that are terminal
    heat tolerant
  • Development of suitable varieties with higher
    yield potential replacing currently grown
    varieties in areas like Punjab Haryana i.e.
    PBW 343
  • Development of early maturing cotton varieties in
    cotton-wheat system to enable farmers in timely
    sowing of wheat
  • Development of Agronomic practices to mitigate
    the fluctuating / high temperature during crop
    season.

23
  • Strategy for Pulses Production
  • Short term measures Area Expansion 2 Million
    ha
  • Intercropping with Maize, cotton, Sugarcane,
    Groundnut and soybean with Tur, blackgram and
    greengram
  • Target Fallow land Kharif Fallow, Rice
    Fallows, Summer / Spring season
  • Introduce short duration Varieties in existing
    cropping systems i.e. Tur in Rice - Wheat
    rotation in Western U.P., Punjab, Haryana
  • - Increase area under short duration pigeon pea
    in Maharashtra, Gujarat, M.P., Karnataka, A.P.
    and T.N

24
Targeted Area Expansion of Pulses in Potential
States Kharif Pigeon Pea M.P. 1.0 Lha,
U.P. 0.56 Lha, Bihar 0.25 Lha, Orissa 0.5
Lha, Maharashtra 1.0 Lha, A.P. 0.50 Lha,
Karnataka 0.5 Lha, Chattisgarh 0.2 Lha, Gujarat
0.5 Lha. Green Gram/ Blackgram U.P. 1.20 Lha,
Rajasthan 1.5 Lha, Maharashtra 2.7 Lha,
Karnataka 1.5 Lha, A.P. 1.0 Lha, Orissa 0.2
Lha, Tamil Nadu 0.5 Lha. Rabi Gram M.P
2.0 Lha, U.P. 1.0 Lha, Rajasthan 1.0 Lha,
Maharashtra 0.5 Lha, A.P. 1.50 Lha,
Chattisgarh 0.25 Lha, Orissa 0.2 Lha, Bihar
0.5 Lha, Tamil Nadu 0.5 Lha. Lentil M.P. 0.2
Lha, U.P. 0.5 Lha, Bihar 0.5 Lha.
Kharif 1.4 million ha Rabi 0.8
million ha
25
STRATEGY FOR ENHANCING PRODUCTIVITY OF
PULSES (i) Target seed replacement rate from 30
to 35 (ii) A National Campaign for seed
treatment with fungicide and Rhizobium culture
(Both liquid and solid base) to enhance
productivity by 10 to 15 (iii) Ridge
planting in Eastern States and black soils of
Southern States (iv) Application
of phosphatic fertilizers and need based
micro-nutrients i.e boron, zinc and
sulphur (v) Minimize losses from pod borer
damage through effective IPM
(Bio-pesticides/pesticides/inter
cropping) (vi) Promote sprinkler irrigation
to provide one or two life saving irrigation
26
STRATEGY FOR QUALITY SEEDS PRODUCTION OF PULSES
Double the quality seed in next 3
years. Target 30 increase in breeder seed in
2007-08 Incentives for seed production and
distribution to be raised to 50 from 25.
Involve private sector and extend necessary
support for infrastructure for pulses seed
production. Other agencies like NAFED, IFFCO
to scale up seed production of pulses.
27
Exploitable yield reservoir in Oilseeds
IT Improved Technology FP Farmers Practice
NA National average.
28
  • INTERVENTIONS REQUIRED FOR OILSEEDS
  • SOYBEAN AND GROUNDNUT Soybean area 7.5 m ha
  • Groundnut area 7 m ha
  • Enhance seed replacement rate to 30
  • (ii) Seed treatment with fungicides and
    Rizhobium culture as major initiative
  • (iii) Promote the use of sulphur and phasphatic
    fertilizers
  • (iv) Timely planting using seed cum ferti
    drill
  • Intercrop pigeon pea with soybean and
    groundnut to enhance per unit return
  • IPM for pest management

29
Cotton Causes for low productivity and required
interventions
Major States Guj. (2.08 m ha, 8.9 m.b) Mah.
(2.89 m ha, 3.6 m.b), A.P.,(1.04 m ha, 3.0 m.b)
Pun, (0.56 m ha, 2.1 m. b)
30
SUITABLE INTERCROPPING IN COTTON
31
Sugarcane Causes for low productivity and
required interventions
Major States U.P.,(2.16 m ha, 121.53 m t)
Mah,(0.54 m ha 36.20 m t ) TN,(0.34 m ha, 36.62 m
t) Guj, (0.20 m ha, 14.77 m t )
32
Thrust areas for Maize, Sorghum and Pearl
millets (30 million ha area) Promote
single cross hybrids for higher productivity in
maize Promote Ridge Planting in Eastern
India Promote short duration hybrids in
place of local varieties in pearl millets and
sorghum Use broad bed furrow system
specially in black soils for better
management of water Increase area under
maize in hill States, U.P., Bihar, T.N., A.P
and Punjab
33
Jute Technology Mission (JTM) 2006
  • Objective To increase production and quality
    of jute and allied fiber
  • States Covered 10 States viz. A.P. , Assam
    ,Bihar, Meghalaya,Orissa, West Bengal, Uttar
    Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Tripura.
  • Important components and Funding Pattern (90
    10)
  • Production supply of seeds
  • Demonstration on production , IPM retting
    technology
  • Training of farmers extension workers
  • Supply of farm implements / sprayers
  • Creation of retting facilities
  • Setting up of de-gumming de-corticating units
    for ramie

34
Over all Thrust Areas for Kharif 2007 (i)
Develop a strategy to fully exploit the
potential of different agro-climatic regions
to increase production of kharif crops in
general and rice in particular (ii) Bring
additional 2 million ha area under pulses
through intercropping and use of fallow
lands (iii) A planned approach for Seed
production of newly released hybrids of rice and
maize (iv) Promotion of ridge furrow system of
planting specially in black
soils (v) Adopt seed treatment as a major
initiative to ensure early crop
growth (vi) Rigorous measures and monitoring
to ensure quality of input i.e. seed,
pesticide , fertilizers (vii) Special emphasis
for raising the productivity of Oilseeds and
pulses through mission mode approach
35
Thank you
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