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Strategic Family Therapy

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Family rules the overt & covert rules that families use to ... Quid pro quo the tendency of family members to treat others in the way that they are treated ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Strategic Family Therapy


1
Strategic Family Therapy
  • Jay Haley Worked with Milton Erickson, Gregory
    Bateson Salvador Minuchin
  • Started the Family Therapy Institute in DC
  • Helped Minuchin start the Philadelphia Child
    Guidance Center in 1967
  • Retired in 1995 to La Jolla, CA
  • Died in 2007

2
Strategic Family Therapy
  • Family rules the overt covert rules that
    families use to govern themselves
  • Family homeostasis the tendency of a family to
    remain in the same pattern of functioning unless
    challenged to change
  • Quid pro quo the tendency of family members to
    treat others in the way that they are treated

3
Strategic Family Therapy
  • Redundancy principle the familys repetition of
    limited behavioral sequences
  • Punctuation the belief that what individuals
    say is caused by what others say
  • Symmetrical/complementary relationships among
    equals unequals
  • Circular causality events are interconnected
    that behaviors are caused by multiple factors

4
Strategic Family Therapy
  • The use of short-term strategic interventions
    designed to change the family structure
  • - these interventions magnify the problem or
  • - these interventions rid the family of the
    presenting problem(s)

5
Strategic Family Therapy
  • By targeting the entire family constellation, the
    counselor attempts to expand the familys
    resources . This expansion bring about change so
    that the family no longer considers the child as
    a problem but rather concentrates on becoming
    more equipped to handle family crises.

6
Strategic Family Therapy
  • 9 NEEDS FOR SUCCESS
  • The family must ask for help. They must HIRE the
    counselor. The counselor is not thrust upon the
    family
  • The family must be in agreement with the
    counselor about what is to change
  • The problem needs to be changeable not incurable

7
Strategic Family Therapy
  • There must be agreement that the family problem
    will be solved without expelling someone
  • Change must occur in the same environment in
    which it started
  • The family must have confidence in the counselor
  • Each family member must feel connected to the
    counselor

8
Strategic Family Therapy
  • The referring party comes to the first session to
    assure the family that the counselor is in
    charge of their treatment
  • The counselor must spearhead the treatment. All
    decisions must pass through the counselor

9
Strategic Family Therapy
  • SINGLE-PARENT HOMES
  • PROBLEM- parentified child is given
    responsibility without authority (deputy
    strategy)
  • PROBLEM overwhelmed mom (support strategy)
  • PROBLEM enmeshment or neglect (roommate
    strategy)

10
Strategic Family Therapy
  • PROBLEM three generation home grandparents in
    charge (spoiler strategy)
  • PROBLEM revolving boyfriends (powerful person
    strategy)
  • PROBLEM noncustodial parent tries to dictate
    life in custodial home (contract strategy)

11
Strategic Family Therapy
  • OPPOSITIONAL CHILD
  • HIERARCHY IS NOT INTACT often distant Dad. How
    can Dad make his presence and authority known
    without ignoring or becoming abusive?
  • AT LEAST TWO ADULTS IN CONFLICT Is there a
    grownup or agency on the kids side? Has the
    parent or have the parents given authority to
    outside forces? Are the parents distracted by
    another problem?

12
Strategic Family Therapy
  • The parent must control timing, topic temper
  • The child is more concerned about the PROCESS
    rather than the outcome. The reward is to get
    the adult involved in a ridiculous, heated
    argument.
  • The counselor must stay joined with the parents
    and connected to the child.
  • What keeps the parents from working as a team?
    The kid need to face two adults when confronted.

13
Strategic Family Therapy
  • Three parenting strategies
  • Mystery
  • Nuclear bomb punishment
  • absurdity

14
Strategic Family Therapy
  • Peer knowledge
  • Parents must know parents
  • Parents must know license numbers
  • Emphasize behavior rather than who
  • Reinforce time with good peers

15
Strategic Family Therapy
  • Divorce is a transition, not pathology
  • Divorce affects children in three ways
  • Loss of a parent (conflict causes 75 of the
    noncustodial parent to withdraw)
  • Custodial parent is often chronically angry,
    bitter or depressed
  • Parents fight over children like they are property

16
Strategic Family Therapy
  • Parents need to learn to focus on their
    childrens problems not their own
  • Encourage parents to follow the legal decree for
    one to two years to give time for anger to
    subside

17
Strategic Family Therapy
  • NORMAL DIVORCE
  • 1. Mom kids. Assess situation. Privately
    persuade mom to let counselor talk to dad.
  • 2. Dad alone. What kind of relationship do you
    want with your kids?
  • 3. Parents alone after they both feel connected
    to the counselor. Focus on the negotiation and
    then move on.

18
Strategic Family Therapy
  • DAD STILL LOVES MOM DIVORCE
  • Kids are usually stuck in the middle
  • Bring entire family together and let the parents
    talk about how the kids are doing.
  • Are the kids carrying on dads fantasy?
  • The family is told that there is nothing the kids
    can do to get the parents back together.

19
Strategic Family Therapy
  • Stepparents need to
  • Avoid loyalty binds for the kids
  • Earn the right to parent
  • Be a kind, loyal, adult role model

20
Strategic Family Therapy
  • Three stepparenting problems
  • Stepparent does not have enough power
  • Stepparent has too much power
  • The parents dump the kids on the stepparent

21
Strategic Family Therapy
  • Solutions
  • Emphasize the marital dyad first
  • Emphasize dyads, not family activities
  • Privately ask parent, what do you see the
    stepparents role with the children?
  • Counselor needs to align with the weaker of the
    couple to encourage assertiveness
  • Work on collaboration between step parent when
    there are just a few problems instead of when
    there are crises
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