Pellets Energy Source and Commercial Opportunity for Europe and Central America - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Pellets Energy Source and Commercial Opportunity for Europe and Central America PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 119dee-ZjllM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Pellets Energy Source and Commercial Opportunity for Europe and Central America

Description:

Pellets Energy Source and Commercial Opportunity for Europe and Central America – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:150
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 41
Provided by: ofi6
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Pellets Energy Source and Commercial Opportunity for Europe and Central America


1
  • Pellets - Energy Source and Commercial
    Opportunity for Europe and Central America
  • Felix Moser

2
Making profit with Biomass in Central America
  • 1. Production of solid biofuels
  • Export to EU/US/Japan
  • Medium and large scale production, minimum size
    20.000 t/a
  • Fuel requirements
  • Sustainability
  • Physical properties
  • Chemical properties
  • Transport and logistics
  • 2. Electric Power
  • Regional supply for Industry
  • Best case CHP-plant or combination with process
    heat supply
  • Actual availability - working hours
  • Reliability stable and continuous operation
  • Maintenance and operation costs
  • efficiency (electric and overall)

3
Nature provides different solid biofuels, most of
them are for local use
4
Why pellets?
  • Advantages of pellets
  • Very high energy density low transport and
    storage costs
  • Pellets ca. 600 kg/m³ gt 2880 kWh/m³
  • Wood-chips, dry ca. 300 kg/m³ gt 1020 kWh/m³
  • Sawdust, wet ca. 200 kg/m³ gt 400 kWh/m³
  • Homogeneous (water content,)
  • Stable - no biologic degradation during storage
  • Easy flowing
  • pneumatic transport and/or with screws is
    possible

5
European perspectives
  • significantly increased attention to heat from
    biomass, also from the EU Commission
  • establishment of high quality standards for
    boilers and pellets EU wide - scope to technology
    transfer
  • international pellet market development
    regional woodchip supply
  • use of agricultural residues
  • biomass use for process heat in industry

6
EU-pellet markets
  • stoves
  • Italy 400.000 t/a
  • (USA 1 Mio t /a)

bagged, 15kg
  • Central heating/ domestic
  • Austria 300.000 t/a
  • Germany 300.000 t/a
  • Sweden 550.000 t/a

loose 1 - 15 t
  • Power plants
  • Denmark 300.000 t/a
  • Belgium 650.000 t/a
  • Sweden 900.000 t/a
  • Netherland
  • 1.400.000 t/a

large quantities gt 1000 t
7
From wood to wood-fuels
timber ? sale
wood
saw dust, shavings
  • side products
  • log wood
  • ? regional use
  • wood chips
  • industry or district heating (cold regions)
  • side products
  • bark
  • power plant
  • pellet production
  • industrial wood chips
  • paper- and board industry
  • pellets
  • loose
  • in bags
  • briketts

8
We supply know-how for highest value added
sawdust dryer
Pellet plant
wood pellets
sawdust
shavings
Biomass heating plant
bark
heat for grid
saw mill /wood processing
wood from certified forests
wood dryer
Final products
Upgrade wastes to heat, power and fuels
timber
9
Sustainable use of forests
  • Use not more that regenerates

Every generation shall get the same benefits from
the wood
Only raw material from plantation
10
Pellet production
Production in Austria
11
Requirements for domestic heating
  • competition with fossil fuels
  • high quality
  • competitive price (boiler and fuel)
  • convenience !
  • design and individual customer solutions
    (storage!)
  • environmental conscious customers
  • no contamination
  • low emissions in all day use

Only best quality for small units! Certification
is necessary
12
Standards and Certification schemes
Pellets criteria
Quality label
Nation. standards
Austria
Germany
Scan. Standards
CEN Standards
Prospective ISO-Norm
Italien
Frankreich
Italy
France
13
Requirements for pellets / domestic use
  • Currently new values in discussion!

14
From first idea to pellet plant
some weeks
2 6 months
2 6 months
First Idea
Pre-feasibility check
Feasibility study
Validation
Due dilligence
investor There are several pre-conditions,
which have to be checked to decide, whether a
pellet production may by interesting
operator/ investor First basic information
concerning Raw material amount available,
location, partner, consultant, equity
Consultant (ofi) Provides a feasibility study
including raw material analysis, estimation for
size and technology for plant including rough
investment costs
operator/ investor Financing, collection of
information missing
Consultant (ofi) Bankable documents Eventually
detailed feasibility
Total investment costs including heat supply,
drying of raw material 25.000 t/a 2-3,5 Mio.
100.000 t/a 7-13 Mio.
1
2
15
From first idea to pellet plant
3-6 month
4-6 month
Engineering
building engineering
comissioning start operation
optimization, QMS
Consultant (ofi) and local engineers Detail-Engin
eering, Building Permission, Tendering, selection
of gereral contractor
General contractor Construction, Site
supervision and site management
operator/ consultant
Operator/ consultant certification
93
1
3
16
Pellets of alternative renewable ressource...
  • bark
  • miscantus
  • straw
  • nutshells
  • palm kernal
  • ricehusks
  • bagass
  • olivestones
  • coffee residues

17
...or for combustion
  • Combustion of grain but also wood,
    shavings, demolition wood, bark, sunflower husk,
    straw, corn cob, rice husk, chicken dung, horse
    dung

18
Best technology for biomass combustion
  • for an individual boiler capacity from500 kW to
    20.000 kW

19
  • Plants for
  • CHP co-generator
  • district heating
  • heat / steam for production
  • Processes
  • Equipped with heat exchangers for
  • warm water (up to 95 C)
  • hot water (over 95 C)
  • low pressure steam (up to 1 bar)
  • high pressure steam (up to 36 bar)
  • high pressure hot steam (up to 450 C)
  • thermic oil (up to 300 C)

20
  • complete turn key installations, incl.
  • fuel discharge
  • fuel feeding system
  • furnace
  • boiler
  • flue gas dedusting system
  • control and adjusting unit
  • electro-installation
  • waterside installation incl. piping
  • building for boiler house and fuel
  • storage

CFD-Model plant development (space velocity
m/s)
21
Automatic fuel extraction
22
Automatic heat-exchanger cleaning and multicyclone
23
Fernwärme Pisz, Poland
Moving grate combustion units with air
pre-heater, 21 000 kW (District heating)
24
  • Construction of a CHP plant
  • 2 x 10 000 kWtherm
  • 5 000 kWel
  • Göpfritz, Austria

25
(No Transcript)
26
Construction of a CHP plant under Russian
conditions, Archangelsk, Russia
27
(No Transcript)
28
TIWAG Längenfeld, Tirol, Austria
Co-generation (ORC-system), 6.500 kWtherm /
1.100kWel 4.000 kWtherm (warm water) for peak
load
F
29
NUON, The Netherlands
Co-generation plant, 8.000 kWtherm / 1.370 kWel
30
...a message
We dont own the land we live on...We just
borrow it from our children.
Indian proverb
31
  • Thank you
  • for your kind attention!

Head of department Martin Englisch -
martin.englisch_at_ofi.at Pellet-Certification Phili
pp Koskarti - philipp.koskarti_at_ofi.at
International project management Angelika Rubick
- angelika.rubick_at_ofi.at Expert for Central- and
South America Felix Moser - felix.moser_at_ofi.at
ofi Austrian Research Institute for Chemistry
and Technology Franz-Grill Str. 5, Arsenal Objekt
213 A-1030 Wien Tel. 43-1-7981601-0 Fax
43-1-7981601-480 www.ofi.co.at
www.pelletstesting.com
32
Why renewable Energy ?
  • Decrease of largest glacier in Austria

2000
Approx. 1900
33
Why renewable Energy ?
  • Biomass combustion in Austria
  • Environmental arguments
  • CO2 emissions (Kyoto protocol, Austria 13
    compared with 1990)
  • Safety (compared with nuclear power)
  • Regional energy source
  • low emissions due to very strict environmental
    regulations
  • Economic reasons
  • Resources wood, other biomass, hydropower
  • Cheaper compared with oil
  • Independence from political instable regions
    (near east)
  • Stimulates regional economy
  • profits from marketing of residues (e.g. saw
    dust)
  • safety of (energy-) supply
  • predictable fuel costs

34
From the pellet plant to the consumer
  • Combustion
  • sizing
  • efficiency
  • emissions
  • conveniance
  • availability
  • service
  • design

pellets industriel production 10.000 100.000
t/a ? economy of scale ? raw materials price
availability ? quality assurance
  • logistics
  • loose pellets
  • Supply network
  • Quality assurance

35
Mischanthus
36
Nutshell
37
Palm seeds
38
Olive Stones
39
Rice husk
40
Bagass
About PowerShow.com