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Metaphysical Idealism: All reality is comprised of minds and ideas

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Physical objects are real only insofar as they are intelligible as the kind of ... Pragmatism: metaphysics is meaningful only if it has practical consequences ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Metaphysical Idealism: All reality is comprised of minds and ideas


1
Metaphysical Idealism All reality is comprised
of minds and ideas
  • Western Idealism
  • Physical objects are real only insofar as they
    are intelligible as the kind of thing they are.
    What makes a thing be that kind of thing is its
    unchanging essence, form, or idea (Plato)
  • For something to be real means that it is
    experienced (or perceived) by some mind
    (including God) its existence consists in its
    being perceived (George Berkeley)

2
Idealism (continued)
  • Eastern Idealism things we perceive are only
    sensations in the mind (as in a dream), not real
    objects outside our minds. Meditation and an
    ethical life wake us from the dream (Vasubandhu)
  • Objections to Idealism
  • Anthropomorphism just because we think of
    reality in terms of mind does not mean that it is
    a product of mind my perceptions are not the
    same as the objects of perception
  • Minds and ideas occur only in material systems

3
Pragmatism metaphysics is meaningful only if it
has practical consequences
  • What we mean by reality is the product of our
    ideas and ideals, all of which are creative
    solutions to practical problems

John Dewey (1859-1952)
William James (1842-1910)
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