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Age of the Christian Roman Empire III

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Bishop of C sarea, who could have been bishop of Antioch, but refused preferring ... Questions and Responses, Many various Religious-Apologetic-Polemic works ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Age of the Christian Roman Empire III


1
Age of the Christian Roman Empire III
  • Augustine, East V. West, and the Rise of Papal
    Theology

2
Eusebius PamphiliEusebius of Cæsarea c. 260-340
  • The Father of Church History
  • Friend of Constantine
  • Extreme Moderate
  • Proposed compromise in Council of Nicæa
  • A Historian but not a theologian
  • Bishop of Cæsarea, who could have been bishop of
    Antioch, but refused preferring a quieter life

3
Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus St. Jerome 340-420
  • Scholar, Monk and Theologian
  • An ascetic who punished himself with grammar
  • Promoted/Inspired Scholastic Monasticism
  • Had a vision declaring him a Ciceronian,
    resulting in his giving up of the Classics
  • Traveled often between the E. and W. Empire
  • Ordained as a presbyter in the church but lived
    too itinerant of a life to be a pastor

4
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5
St. Jerome 340-420
  • Led a Monastery in Bethlehem where he spent many
    years studying and translating
  • Inspired a group of women to become severe
    ascetics including one of his patrons St. Paula
  • Passionate even to an overzealous degree
  • Wrote Prolifically, but his lifes work and
    greatest achievement was the Latin Vulgate
    translation of the bible
  • The Vulgate became the standard for the bible for
    the next 1100 years

6
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7
St. Paula
  • Was a 36 year old widowed mother of 5 when she
    met Jerome and was inspired to deepen her ascetic
    life
  • Lived an extremely ascetic and holy life
  • Learned Hebrew in order to be able to properly
    sing the Psalter with Jerome
  • Traveled to Bethlehem with her daughter Eustochia
    and founded the female counterpart to Jeromes
    monastery in Bethlehem
  • Died in 404 leaving her daughter with all of her
    debts gained by many acts of charitable giving

8
Ambrose 340-397
  • Through a miracle became bishop of Milan
  • Sold his riches and gave to the poor
  • Emphasized that the Emperor is in the church not
    over it.
  • Denied Theodosius communion until he repented for
    the massacre in Thessalonica
  • Played a large part in the conversion of
    Augustine
  • Died praying, with accompanying signs and
    miracles that occurred after his death

9
Aurelius AugustinusSt. Augustine 354-430
  • Born to a Pagan father and a Christian Mother
  • Became a Manichee for 10 years
  • Saved Later in life
  • Preeminent Scholar and Theologian
  • Post conversion gave up career as
    Rhetorician/government official

10
St. Augustine 354-430
  • An active apologist and theologian
  • Lived simply with monastic tendencies
  • Appointed against his will as Bishop of Hippo
  • Wrote many works
  • Confessions, City of God, Retractions, The
    Letters, Questions and Responses, Many various
    Religious-Apologetic-Polemic works
  • Died 430 AD during the Vandal Siege of Hippo

11
East v. West
  • The rise of the Papacy

12
Papacy in the East
  • Oligarchic
  • 5 co-equal bishops
  • Rome
  • Constantinople
  • Jerusalem
  • Antioch
  • Alexandria

13
Papacy in the East
  • Greek mindset in theology, open to the new,
    lacking in stability
  • Lacking in a consistent and well made translation
    of the scriptures
  • Constant shifts in Theology
  • Prone to Heresy
  • Post 622 disrupted by Mohammedean Conquests

14
Papacy in the West
  • Autocratic
  • Authoritarian and very very Roman
  • One Bishop over all, THE Pope, just as one
    Emperor over all the people
  • Primacy of Rome as descendant from Peter
  • (though descent from Peter and equality with Paul
    are all debated issues)

15
Papacy in the West
  • Imperialistic Theology
  • Absolute Monarchy desired
  • Little to no shifts in Theology
  • Rigid Orthodoxy
  • Jeromes Vulgate provided a stable and fairly
    accurate source for scripture
  • Post barbarian conversion was relatively free
    from political strife

16
Rise of the Papacy
  • Rome was always honored
  • Rome kept interfering
  • Cause they said so
  • Gained political influence over the Emperor -gt
    greater influence over the people
  • Cause they said so

17
Pope Leo I 440-461
  • Leo The Great
  • Powerful Theologian
  • Firmly believed he was the successor of Peter,
    and Peter was the ruler of the Church
  • Peter died in Rome therefore his spiritual power
    remained with Rome
  • Emphatically spoke of his authority

18
Pope Leo I 440-461
  • Not with the Pope not part of the church not
    part of Christianity not saved
  • The concept of the all powerful Pope was not
    immediately or universally accepted
  • Obtained an edict from Western emperor
    Valentinian III, saying papal decrees have the
    force of Law, and all bishops should obey them
  • Left 96 Sermons and 173 Epistles, the first large
    collection of works left to us by a Roman Bishop

19
Pope Leo I 440-461
  • Saved Rome from being destroyed twice
  • 452 AD from Attila the Hun
  • 455 AD Vandal King Genseric pillaged for 14 days,
    but didnt burn and murder

20
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21
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