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Present Tense of Regular Verbs

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Title: Present Tense of Regular Verbs


1
Presentation 1 Present Tense of Regular Verbs
2
The present tense of the verb is used to talk
about what is happening now or going to happen in
the immediate future.
Qué hacen tus padres? Ven televisión.
What are your parents doing? They are watching
TV.
3
For all tenses of verbs in Spanish, the verb
ending must agree with the subject of the
sentence in person and number. Person
Number 1st
Singular 2nd
Plural 3rd
4
First, lets look at the three singular forms of
the present tense verb. Singular, of course,
means referring to only one person or thing, but
singular forms are also used with groups treated
as a single unit, such as familia (family) and
equipo (team).
5
First person (I) First person
refers to the speaker of the sentence, either
alone (I) or as the spokesperson for a group
(we).
6
In Spanish, the 1st person subject pronouns, yo
and nosotros, may always be used as the subject
of a sentence in which the speaker is talking
about himself or herself.. Unlike in English
where subject pronoun use is obligatory, subject
pronouns are often omitted in Spanish.
7
If a speaker is talking about himself or
herself, the verb must indicate the agreement
between the subject and the verb through the use
of an first person singular ending. This form is
formed by adding the ending -o to the stem of
the verb.
8
The stem is usually formed by removing the -ar /
-er/ or -ir from the infinitive form of the verb.
hablo como vivo
hablar comer vivir
habl com viv
The appropriate verb ending is then attached to
the stem.
9
Present Tense of Regular Verbs
Sg. -ar -er
-ir 1st yo hablo como
vivo 2nd tú hablas
comes vives usted 3rd él /
ella habla come vive
Study this chart before you continue.
10
Present Tense of Regular Verbs
Sg. -ar -er
-ir 1st yo hablo como
vivo 2nd tú hablas
comes vives usted 3rd él /
ella habla come vive
11
Ejercicio 1
Ana is speaking and is telling you what she often
does on a typical weekend. Change the verb form
to the 1st person singular form in each of the
following sentences.
Muchas veces ,
(andar) en bicicleta por el parque.
Read the correct answer out loud to yourself
before checking your answer.
12
Ejercicio 1
Ana is speaking and is telling you what she often
does on a typical weekend. Change the verb form
to the 1st person singular form in each of the
following sentences.
Muchas veces , ando en
bicicleta por el parque.
13
Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas.
Me (levantar) temprano.
14
Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas.
Me levanto temprano.
15
Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas.
Primero (limpiar) la casa.
16
Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas.
Primero limpio la casa.
17
Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas.
Para hacer ejercicio, siempre (correr) por el
parque.
18
Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas.
Para hacer ejercicio, siempre corro por el
parque.
19
Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas.
Yo (hablar) por teléfono con mis amigos.
20
Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas.
Yo hablo por teléfono con mis amigos.
21
Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas.
Frecuentamente (preparar) la cena.
22
Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas.
Frecuentamente .preparo la cena.
23
Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas.
Por la tarde (bailar) en un grupo de baile
folklórico.
24
Los fines de semana hago muchas cosas.
Por la tarde bailo en un grúpo de baile
folklórico.
25
In the same manner, before continuing, write each
of the following sentence sentences using the
yo-form on a separate sheet of paper to hand
in. (10 pts. - complete sentences 0 pts. - verb
form only)
1. Yo ________ (cantar) en el coro de la
escuela. 2. No ___________ (vivir) en una casa.
________ (vivir) en un apartamento. 3.
Frecuentamente __________ (comer) en un
restaurante méxicano.
26
En verano, cuando voy a la playa, siempre 4.
____________ (tomar) el sol. 5. ____________
(llevar) un traje de baño, gafas de
sol, y un sombrero. 6. ____________ (usar) una
bronceadora. 7. ___________ (leer) un libro. 8
___________ (escribir) tarjetas postales. 9.
___________ (nadar) en el mar. 10. ____________
(descansar).
27
Second person (you) Second person
refers to the person the speaker of the sentence
is speaking to, either alone (you) or in a
larger group (yall).
28
In the Spanish spoken in Spain, the personal
pronouns tú and vosotros are often used to
address friends and family, but these again may
be omitted.
29
tú (familiar)
In addition, the Spanish language also
differentiates between familiar intimacy of
family and friends and formal situations which
require a show of respect in its usage of second
person pronouns and verb forms.
usted (formal)
30
Ejercicio 2
How would you address the following people in
conversation? On a sheet of paper to hand in,
write tú or usted as appropriate. (possible 10
pts.).
1. tu maestro de español 6. tu amiga Sara 2.
tu mamá 7. tu perro Max 3.
un policía 8. tu abuela 4.
un niño 9. el
presidente 5. un adulto desconocido 10. tu
hermano
31
If the speaker is talking to another person about
that person the verb must have the second person
singular ending attached to it. When talking to
family and friends, this form is formed by adding
either -as or -es to the stem of the verb.
32
The stem of the verb is formed by removing -ar /
-er/ or -ir from the infinitive form of the verb.
habl com viv
hablas comes vives
hablar comer vivir
The second person singular verb ending is then
attached to this stem.
33
Present Tense of Regular Verbs
Sg. -ar -er
-ir 1st yo hablo como
vivo 2nd tú hablas
comes vives usted 3rd él /
ella habla come vive
Study this chart before you continue.
34
Present Tense of Regular Verbs
Sg. -ar -er
-ir 1st yo hablo como
vivo 2nd tú hablas
comes vives usted 3rd él /
ella habla come vive
35
usted (formal)
tú (familiar)
Remember, however, that Spanish language
differentiates between familiar and formal
situations in its usage of second person pronouns
and verb forms. The -as and -es endings are used
only with the familiar tú form.
36
usted (formal)
tú (familiar)
The formal usted form is a second person singular
form of address used to show respect. Its ending
always corresponds with the third person forms of
the verb. Add -a to the verb stem for -ar verbs
and and -e for -er and -ir verbs.
37
Present Tense of Regular Verbs
Study this chart before you continue.
Sg. -ar -er
-ir 1st yo hablo como
vivo 2nd tú hablas
comes vives usted habla
come vive 3rd él / ella habla
come vive
38
Present Tense of Regular Verbs
Sg. -ar -er
-ir 1st yo hablo como
vivo 2nd tú hablas
comes vives usted habla
come vive 3rd él / ella habla
come vive
39
usted (formal)
tú (familiar)
Probably the most common usage of the second
person singular familiar and formal verb forms is
its usage in questions which can be answered yes
or no. You ask a question using the tú or usted
form and that person answers your question using
the yo form of the verb. Unlike English usage,
you do not need to use helping verbs like are
or do in your quesiton.
40
Ejercicio 3
Ana is talking to various people and asking them
about what they do in their free time. Change
the verb form of her question to appropriate 2nd
person singular form in each of the following
sentences. Use the tú form when Ana is
speaking to her friends or a member of her family
and the usted form of the verb if she is
speaking to an adult. Then answer each question
using the yo form of the verb..
41
Señor Rodriguez, (alquilar) un video hoy?
Si, Ana, yo....
Read the correct answers out loud to yourself
before checking your answer.
42
Señor Rodriguez, alquila (usted) un video hoy?
Si, Ana, yo aquilo un video hoy.
43
Pepito, (tomar) una siesta esta tarde?
Si, Ana, yo ....
44
Pepito, tomas (tú) una siesta esta tarde?
Si, Ana, yo tomo una siesta esta tarde.
45
Señora Sanchez, (calificar) los examenes esta
noche?
Si, Ana, yo...
46
Señora Sanchez, califica (usted) los examenes
esta noche?
Si, Ana, yo califico los examenes esta noche....
47
Isabel, le (escribir) una carta a Tere ahora?
Si, Ana, yo le...
48
Isabel, le escribes una carta a Tere ahora?
Si, Ana, yo le escribo una carta a Tere ahora...
49
Silvia, (practicar) el piano ahora?
Si, Ana, yo...
50
Silvia, practicas el piano ahora?
Si, Ana, yo practico el piano ahora....
51
Señor Alvila, (limpiar) usted la casa hoy?
Si, Ana, yo...
52
Señor Álvila, limpia usted la casa hoy?
Si, Ana, yo limpio la casa hoy....
53
Hermano, (levantar) pesas esta tarde?
Si, Ana, yo....
54
Hermano, levantas pesas esta tarde?
Si, Ana, yo levanto pesas esta tarde.
55
Before continuing, write questions for each of
the following answers using the appropriate
tú-form or usted-form of the verb on a
separate sheet of paper to hand in. (10 pts.
possible)
1. Sr. Rodriguez Alquilo un video hoy.
Escribes Señor Rodriguez, Alquila usted un
video hoy? 2. Pepé Sí, yo nado en la piscina
todos los días. 3. Señora Gomez No, no veo
much televisión. 4. Abuela Sí, leo el
periódico frecuentamente.
56
5. Beto Sí, como con mi familia en un
restaurante méxicano hoy. 6. Jorge No, no ando
en bicicleta esta tarde. 7. Julia Sí, compro
un nuevo disco en la tienda de discos después de
la escuela. 8. Señora Martin Sí, viajo a
México esta primavera. 9. Hermanito No, no me
baño hoy. 10. Señor Juarez Sí, siempre me
levanto temprano .
57
Third Person (he / she) Third
person refers to the person the speaker of the
sentence is speaking about, either alone (he /
she) or in a larger group (they).
58
The personal pronouns él and ella are often used
to talk about a person, place or thing, but often
these pronouns are omitted from a sentence.
59
Spanish does not have a pronoun equivalent to the
English pronoun it. Instead it uses the
masculine pronoun él with all masculine noun and
ella with all feminine nouns.
60
The third person ending can be viewed as the
default ending. If the subject is singular, and
the subject is not yo or tú, then the third
person ending is used.
61
Often the subject of the sentence in the third
person is a noun representing an object or a
person such as la silla or Rosa. If the subject
of the sentence is not yo, and is not tú, use 3rd
person endings.
62
The stem is usually formed by removing the -ar /
-er/ or -ir from the infinitive form of the verb.
habla come vive
hablar comer vivir
habl com viv
The appropriate verb ending is then attached to
the stem.
63
Present Tense of Regular Verbs
Sg. -ar -er
-ir 1st yo hablo como
vivo 2nd tú hablas
comes vives usted 3rd él /
ella habla come vive
Study this chart before you continue.
64
Present Tense of Regular Verbs
Sg. -ar -er
-ir 1st yo hablo como
vivo 2nd tú hablas
comes vives usted 3rd él /
ella habla come vive
65
Ejercicio 1
Tell me what Ana does on a typical weekend.
Change the verb form to the 3rd person singular
form in each of the following sentences.
Muchas veces , Ana
(andar) en bicicleta por el parque.

Read the correct answer out loud to yourself
before checking your answer.
66
Ejercicio 1
Tell me what Ana does on a typical weekend.
Change the verb form to the 3rd person singular
form in each of the following sentences.
Muchas veces , Ana anda en
bicicleta por el parque.
67
Ana está muy ocupada y hace mucho los fines de
semana.
Se (levantar) temprano.
68
Ana está muy ocupada y hace mucho los fines de
semana.
Se levanta temprano.
69
Ana está muy ocupada y hace mucho los fines de
semana.
Primero (limpiar) la casa.
70
Ana está muy ocupada y hace mucho los fines de
semana.
Primero limpia la casa.
71
Ana está muy ocupada y hace mucho los fines de
semana.
Para hacer ejercicio, siempre (correr) por el
parque.
72
Ana está muy ocupada y hace mucho los fines de
semana.
Para hacer ejercicio, siempre corre por el
parque.
73
Ana está muy ocupada y hace mucho los fines de
semana.
(Hablar) por teléfono con sus amigos.
74
Ana está muy ocupada y hace mucho los fines de
semana.
Habla por teléfono con sus amigos.
75
Ana está muy ocupada y hace mucho los fines de
semana.
Frecuentamente (preparar) la cena.
76
Ana está muy ocupada y hace mucho los fines de
semana.
Frecuentamente .prepara la cena.
77
Ana está muy ocupada y hace mucho los fines de
semana.
Por la tarde (bailar) en un grupo de baile
folklórico.
78
Ana está muy ocupada y hace mucho los fines de
semana.
Por la tarde baila en un grúpo de baile
folklórico.
79
In the same manner, before continuing, write each
of the following sentence sentences using the
third person forms on a separate sheet of paper
to hand in. (10 pts. - complete sentences 0 pts.
- verb form only)
1. Mi hermana ________ (celebrar) su
.....cumpleaños hoy. 2. El policía no
___________ (vivir) en una ....casa. ________
(vivir) en un apartamento. 3. Isabel __________
(viajar) a México en .....las vacaciones de
verano.
80
Cuando Carlos va a la escuela, 4. siempre
____________ (llegar) tarde. 5. siempre
____________ (comer) en la cafeteria. 6. siempre
____________ (hablar) con sus


.....amigos en la biblioteca. 7. nunca
___________ (leer) un libro. 8 nunca
___________ (escribir) la tarea. 9. siempre
___________ (andar) en el pasillo. 10.
nunca____________ (sacar) buenas notas.
81
Present Tense of Regular Verbs
Sg. -ar -er
-ir 1st yo hablo como
vivo 2nd tú hablas
comes vives usted 3rd él /
ella habla come vive
82
Present Tense of Regular Verbs
Sg. -ar -er
-ir 1st yo hablo como
vivo 2nd tú hablas
comes vives usted 3rd él /
ella habla come vive
83
Present Tense of Regular Verbs
Sg. -ar -er
-ir 1st yo hablo como
vivo 2nd tú hablas
comes vives usted 3rd él /
ella habla come vive
84
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