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Types of Government

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Governments change with the changing needs of the people who allow that ... In contrast to the Pharos's (monarchy) of Egypt which lasted over 3000 years ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Types of Government


1
Types of Government
2
Types of Government
  • There are many different types of government that
    have evolved over the course of human history
  • No government is perfect
  • Governments change with the changing needs of the
    people who allow that government to exist

3
Types of Governments
  • MONARCHY
  • An efficient form of government with clear lines
    of power transfer
  • Monarchies have helped advance civilization from
    the bronze age to the industrial age

4
MONARCHY continued
  • From the Greek word monos arkheinone ruler
  • Monarchies are the oldest form of government
  • In a monarchy all or most of the power is
    controlled by one person
  • This power is hereditary (stays in the family)

5
Even More Monarchy
  • Monarchies can only exist under certain
    conditions
  • An agricultural society that has technologies
    that allow power to be concentrated (castles,
    forts and education) in central location

6
Will this ever end?
  • Poor communication between cities and country
    side
  • Deprive most people of education
  • Get most of the money to run the government by
    serfdom

7
Probably not
  • The original power to govern in some monarchies
    was thought to be given to that person by God
  • God told him/her by actions or speech that they
    should be the ruler

8
Monarchy
  • Some monarchies were the result of ancient tribes
    banding together and electing a tribal leader
  • Once the leader was chosen the power to rule
    stayed with that family

9
Two Forms of Monarchy
  • Absolute Monarchy the word of the King or Queen
    is final
  • His/her word is law and must be carried out
  • Failure to follow the orders of the Regent could
    lead to the imprisonment or death of the person
    and all of that persons family

10
Two forms continued
  • 2. Constitutional Monarchythe actions of the
    Monarch are limited by law and are subject to the
    same rule of society as normal citizens
  • Most Constitutional Monarchies have only symbolic
    power
  • EXAMPLE The Queen of England

11
Almost there
  • By the 1800s most of the worlds monarchies had
    become republics
  • One of the few remaining true monarchies is the
    Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • The only absolute monarchy remaining is in
    Swaziland, Africa

12
Theocracy
  • Theocratic governments have been around almost
    from the beginning of organized society
  • These governments attempt to organize the state
    by interpretation of written religion

13
Where does it come from?
  • From two Greek words
  • theos god
  • kratein to rule
  • Together these two words interpret into rule by
    the deity
  • The government is controlled by an elite group of
    religious leaders

14
More Theocracy
  • The main purpose of a theocracy is to impose and
    enforce divine law
  • The divine laws are found in the religious
    writings (Bible, Koran, etc.) of the controlling
    faction

15
  • Using these writings the leaders will try to
    determine how god would run the day to day
    operations of the government
  • Theocracies are intolerant of other beliefs and
    do not recognize other religions

16
How its put into effect
  • Police are used to suppress questions about how
    the government makes decisions
  • Politicians in theocracies do have the
    flexibility to compromise for political
    effectiveness

17
Finally
  • The government tries to isolate the people from
    the world so no impure ideas are allowed into the
    country
  • Most theocracies do not last longer than one
    generation

18
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19
Totalitarianism
  • Of all the forms of government, totalitarianism
    is the most dehumanizing
  • All freedom of will is replaced with service to
    the state
  • Freedom of thought is crushed and the human
    spirit is destroyed

20
Totalitarianism continued
  • A system of government in which a citizen is
    totally subject to state authority in all aspects
    of day to day life
  • The ruling ideology requires that every part of a
    persons life be subordinate to the state,
    including occupation, income and religion

21
  • Constant brainwashing by propaganda to remove any
    thoughts of dissent (not following the rules) by
    anyone is necessary for a totalitarian state to
    exist
  • The agents of the state, police, politicians,
    government workers and military are subject to
    the most intense propaganda

22
  • There is no doubt in the minds of these people
    that the state is always right, no mistakes are
    ever made by the government
  • Failure to submit to the will of the state in
    thoughts or actions will result in brutal
    punishment

23
Totalitarianism
  • All citizens are encouraged to report suspicious
    activities of fellow citizens
  • Fear of being accused of counterproductive
    thoughts keep individuals from talking openly
  • Loyalty toward family and love of someone is
    illegalall love and loyalties belong to the state

24
How rude
  • There is no individual, all are part of the state
  • To not be part of the state is to be dead
  • EXAMPLE The Borg (Star Trekyes, Im a Trekkie)

25
You should be happy living in the United States
  • Totalitarian states almost always come into being
    as result of a revolution that replaces an
    ineffective government
  • Most of the time a Great Leader develops to
    lead this revolution and run the country afterward

26
Wrap UP
  • Totalitarian systems were rare before the 20th
    century
  • The technology was not available for the mass
    propaganda and secret monitoring of the people
  • Big Brother is Watching

27
Almost finished
  • Mass media makes it easy for Totalitarian cults
    to develop
  • Developments in electronic spying allow them to
    keep power

28
  • Once a totalitarian system is in place it is
    doubtful if it will ever collapse
  • Adolf Hitlers Nazi Germany and Joseph Stalins
    Soviet Union are the best examples of
    totalitarianism
  • It is theorized that If they did not wage war
    against each other that both would still exist
    today

29
Democracy
  • From two Greek words
  • Demo meaning people
  • Cracy meaning rule/govern
  • In democracies all people have input on how the
    state is to be run

30
Basic Fundamentals
  • Human rights
  • Equality before the law
  • Protection of the minority

31
Democracy continued
  • In democracies, majority rules but this rule is
    coupled with guarantees that the minority is
    protected by law
  • The rights of the minority do not depend on the
    goodwill of the majority

32
Two types of Democracy
  • Direct Democracyall citizens, without a middle
    man of an appointed or elected official, make
    public decisions
  • Direct democracies are pure democracies
  • They can only work with small numbers of citizens
  • The first democracies were direct democracies

33
Second type
  • 2. Representative Democracycitizens elect
    officials to make political decisions for them,
    write laws, and run programs for the good of the
    country
  • In a representative democracy, the people elected
    to office are accountable to those who elected
    them

34
Representative continued
  • Those representatives who do not do a good job
    are removed from office by the citizens

35
Types of Government
  • Of all the democracies attempted, the United
    States has the longest history of a democratic
    government at 231 years
  • In contrast to the Phaross (monarchy) of Egypt
    which lasted over 3000 years
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