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Vampires!

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In 1453, Constantinople falls to the Ottoman Empire led by Sultan Mehmet II. Christian resistance against the Ottoman advance is led by Wallachian and Hungarian lords. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Vampires!


1
Vampires!
  • Ah! The Children of the Night.
  • What music they make!

2
Vampires
  • Vampires have their origins in ancient legends
    about death and resurrection
  • Ancient Egyptian legends talk of the resurrection
    of Horus, and describe the means of his
    re-animation.
  • Modern vampire legends come to us from the
    Balkans.

3
Land of the undead
  • Slavic peoples begin migrating into the Balkan
    region in the 7th and 8th centuries, from other
    parts of eastern Europe.
  • They bring with them traditions and folklore
    about unclean spirits, revenants and sacrificial
    ceremonies.
  • They encounter Christianity and urban
    civilization in the form of the Byzantine Empire.

4
St. George and the Dragon
5
Condemning the Pagan
  • The Orthodox Church is established in the
    Balkans, and earlier customs are condemned as the
    work of the devil.
  • Some peasants are accused of continuing ancient
    practices, or of being in league with the dark
    arts

6
Undead or just sick?
  • In part, vampire legends come from notions about
    diseases. Lacking a germ theory, peasants
    speculate that a disease that slowly stalks
    several villagers is the work of a single evil
    agent the vampire.
  • The Greek notion of the vampire, or vyrkolakos,
    is of an evil spirit inhabiting dead bodies that
    refuse to decompose.

7
Watch out Linus!
  • Gypsy legends of this region tell of parasitical
    forces at work in the garden. Vampire cucumbers.
    Squashes, beets and other vegetables come alive
    at night to feast on their brethren!
  • Great Pumpkin or Dracula?

8
Vlad the Impaler
  • In 1453, Constantinople falls to the Ottoman
    Empire led by Sultan Mehmet II.
  • Christian resistance against the Ottoman advance
    is led by Wallachian and Hungarian lords.
  • Vlad Dracul, also known as The Dragon or Vlad
    the Impaler, rules from 1462 to 1476, and uses
    unspeakable cruelty against the invading Turk.

9
The Charmer
  • Does his power to
  • terrorize come from a
  • blend of cultures and a
  • mix of civilization and
  • savagery? How far
  • are we from Vlad?

10
Vlad the Impaler Not so nice!
  • It is said that Vlad lived among the Ottomans for
    a time, and learned cruel customs like impalement
    from them.
  • He may have murdered as many as 50,000 of his own
    people in campaigns against the Turks.
  • His reputation lived on after his death

11
(No Transcript)
12
Literature
  • In 1819, John Polidori publishes The Vampyre, the
    first popular vampire novel. Polidori was Lord
    Byrons personal physician!
  • Polidori wrote The Vampyre after spending a
    holiday with Mary Shelley, author of Frankenstein
  • In 1897, Bram Stoker writes Dracula, the
    definitive vampire novel.

13
  • Conjure up your
  • deepest, darkest
  • fear now call
  • That fear to life

14
The Romantic Vampire
  • Does the vampire fear
  • well up from the same
  • Romantic sources as the
  • works of Shelley and
  • Byron?

15
The rules of the vampire
  • Fear of sunlight
  • The cross
  • The stake
  • Burning
  • Garlic
  • Hospitality

16
Powers
  • Shape-changing
  • Command of night creatures
  • Mesmerism
  • The bite of the vampire
  • Blood drinking

17
Nosferatu, 1922
18
The Unknown
  • Western civilization tends to fear that which is
    unknown.
  • The vampire is a convenient symbol for that which
    we fear. We imprint all kinds of fears into this
    form.
  • For example, Nazi imagery is full of vampire
    references

19
Midnight Visitors
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