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Medieval European Life Age of Faith

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Creation- Roman Empire of the East. Began when Constantine moved Capitol of Rome to ... Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople in 1453 C.E. Byzantine Legacy ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Medieval European Life Age of Faith


1
Medieval European LifeAge of Faith
http//eawc.evansville.edu/chronology/mepage.htm
2
Byzantine Empire
3
Byzantine Empire
  • Creation- Roman Empire of the East
  • Began when Constantine moved Capitol of Rome to
    Byzantium (Constantinople)

4
Byzantine Empire
  • Expansion of empire led by Justinian 527-565 C.E.
    Basil II in 976 C.E.
  • Led to the fall of the Roman Empire as Byzantines
    took control of Roman lands

5
Decline of Byzantine Empire
  • Decline began in 1000-1400 C.E.
  • Constantly invaded by enemies
  • Muslim Turks invaded in 1071 (which began the
    Crusades)
  • Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople in 1453 C.E.

6
Byzantine Legacy
http//www.crystalinks.com/byzantine.html
  • Preserved Greek Roman culture
  • Followed Roman Law, creating Justinian Code
  • Spread Christianity to Russia, Bulgaria, Bosnia
  • Missionaries taught people how to read write

7
Charlemagne
  • Warrior king
  • Controlled Western Europe by 800 C.E.
  • His goal was to spread Christianity
  • Crowned Holy Roman Emperor
  • His empire was most orderly unified
  • Built monuments, museums, theaters, a forum

8
Charlemagne
9
European Government
  • New forms of Government arise including feudalism
  • Limited Government- government is limited to the
    will of the people
  • Magna Carta- English document signed by King John
    in 1215 C.E.

10
Feudal System
  • Feudalism is a system of government way of life
  • Fiefdoms- vassals given land, expected to be
    loyal to landowner pay taxes, landowner
    protects fiefs from invaders
  • Nobles (kings lords) clergy peasants
    (farmers, builders, craftsmen) aka serfs.

11
Magna Carta
http//www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/mcarta.html
  • King must obey laws
  • King can not limit the freedom of the church
  • King can not tax land without meeting with the
    Great Council (landowners)
  • King can not put people in jail without a trial
  • Said people have rights

12
Roman Catholic Church
  • Monasteries- places where monks lived
  • Monks built schools churches, built libraries,
    created illustrated manuscripts, fed the poor
  • Education- taught people to read write, do
    simple math
  • Arts- created illustrated manuscripts Bibles

13
Crusades
  • Began after Muslims invade Constantinople
  • A series of 7 religious wars from 1095-1291 C.E.
  • Christians wanted the Holy Lands (where Jesus was
    born ) to protect them from Muslims
  • Introduced Muslim Ideas Products

14
First Crusade 1095-1099
  • Took 2 years to reach Turkey, where Europeans
    defeated Turkish Army, despite being outnumbered.
    They later captured Jerusalem.
  • Europeans set up small kingdoms of Edessa,
    Antioch, Tripoli, around Jerusalem.

15
Second Crusade 1147-1149
  • Turkish army recaptured Edessa
  • King Louis VII of France Eleanor of Aquitaine
    (later married King Henry II of England- became
    mother of Richard I (Lion-Hearted)
  • Eleanor challenged Church husbands for equality

16
Third Crusade 1189-1192Crusade of Kings
  • Jerusalem captured by Muslims
  • Crusade led by Frederick I (Germany), Phillip II
    (France), and Richard I (England.)
  • Peace treaty signed by Richard I Muslim leader,
    Salading ( agreed to make peace for 5 years)

http//www.mrdowling.com/606islam.html
17
Muslim Ideas
  • Teachings of Muhammad
  • Five Pillars of Faith

http//islam.about.com/blintroc.htm
18
Muslim Products
  • Universities, libraries, schools
  • Use of zero Arabic numerals
  • Algebra Geometry
  • Chemical medicines
  • Performed surgery
  • Wrote medical textbooks
  • Astronomy Records

19
Black Plague
  • What is it?
  • What is its impact?
  • End of feudal system

20
Black Death Begins
  • Brought to Europe in 1347, by an Italian ship
  • 1 in 3 people died
  • Caused by a germ that was from the fleas on rats
    (Cats could have controlled the rat population,
    but cats were thought of as agents of the devil
    were slaughtered)

21
Impact of Black Death/Plague
  • Population decreases
  • People isolate themselves, learn about
    cleanliness spread of germs
  • People move away from populated areas back to
    secluded farms
  • Ends feudal system (see website)
  • http//www.insecta-inspecta.com/fleas/bdeath/bdeat
    h.html

22
Joan of Arc
http//archive.joan-of-arc.org/
French girl who led major battles during the
Hundred Years War, after convincing Charles VII
to build her an army Burned at the stake for
heresy witchcraft
23
Marco Polo
  • Traveled East to the Orient
  • Became a servant in the house of Kublai Khan
  • Brought back spices, pasta, fireworks, and more.

http//www.silk-road.com/artl/marcopolo.shtml
24
(No Transcript)
25
Age of Faith v Renaissance
  • Group
  • Survival self-awareness
  • Simple lifestyle (survival)
  • Celebrated the Individual
  • Ideas of Ancient Greece Rome reappear
  • People enjoy worldly pleasures (learning, art
    music)

26
Renaissance
  • Scientific Revolution
  • Industrial Revolution
  • Enlightenment ( Revolution of Ideas)
  • Cultural Revolution
  • Political Revolutions
  • Democratic Revolutions
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