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Nationalism

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Greeks were ruled by the Ottoman empire. Italians were ruled by Hapsburg empire. Serbians were ruled by the Ottoman empire and the Hapsburg empire. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Nationalism


1
Nationalism
2
Nationalism Characteristic 1
  • People, who have a common ethnicity or common
    culture want to establish their own government,
    and no longer be ruled by a foreign monarch.

3
In central and eastern Europe, many ethnic groups
were ruled by foreign monarchies
  • Greeks were ruled by the Ottoman empire.
  • Italians were ruled by Hapsburg empire.
  • Serbians were ruled by the Ottoman empire and the
    Hapsburg empire.
  • Germans were ruled by the Hapsburg empire.
  • Rumanians were ruled by the Ottoman empire and
    the Hapsburg empire.
  • . . .and on and on and on.

4
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of the Hapsburg monarchy
controlled many ethnic groups in central Europe
  • Czechs
  • Hungarians
  • Germans
  • Romanians
  • Croats
  • Italians
  • Poles
  • Slovaks
  • Serbs

5
A map of the different ethnic groups and where
they live in the Hapsburg empire
6
Nationalism Rule 2
  • Nationalism can unite several different groups of
    people into one, single nation..

7
EXAMPLE Germany in 1871 and Italy in 1870
8
Germany before unification

9
Italy before unification

10
Nationalism characteristic 3
The goal is to become more united, more
powerful, and more secure against other nations.

11
Dangers of Nationalism
  • Ethnocentrism
  • Xenophobia a fear of foreigners and foreign
    ideas
  • Violence desire to conquer others, commit war
    against others.

12
Positives of Nationalism
  • Creates a strong sense of unity among people.
  • Promotes democracy as people strive to determine
    what government they want for themselves.
  • Values cultures, and cultural traditions that may
    have been not allowed under foreign rule.

13
Question?
  • How do nationalists gain their independence from
    a foreign power?

14
Fight!
15
Question?
  • Why would nationalism cause European nations to
    be more imperialistic?

16
Answer Nations constantly seek ways to be the
most powerful.
17
Question?
  • How does an increase in imperialism and an
    increase in nationalism lead to increased tension
    in Europe?

18
WORLD WAR ONE
  • Increased violence in central Europe as different
    ethnic groups want freedom.
  • Increased competition for empire in the world.
  • Increased competition for military power in
    Europe as a symbol of national power.
  • Increased ethnocentrism, xenophobia, and mistrust
    among all nations in Europe.
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