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THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

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THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. THE SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS (May 1775) ... On July 4, 1776, Congress unanimously signs the Declaration of Independence. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE


1
THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
2
THE SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS(May 1775)
  • A Declaration of the Cause and Necessity of
    Taking Up Arms This document is to explain the
    American actions in fighting the Redcoats, but
    King George III refuses to read it.

3
THE SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
  • George Washington of Virginia is put in charge of
    the American army to unite the colonies.

Washington
4
The American Debate
  • New England Colonies (CON, RI, NH, MASS)
  • In favor of Independence, because their fishing
    economy was hurt by English laws.

5
The American Debate
  • Southern Colonies (VA, NC, SC, GA, MD)
  • In favor of Independence, because their tobacco
    economy was hurt by English laws.

6
The American Debate
  • Middle Colonies (NY, PA, NJ, DEL)
  • Undecided on Independence, because their food
    based economy did well under English laws.

7
  • PATRIOTS People that favored Independence.
  • LOYALISTS or TORIES Remained loyal to the King
    and England.

8
Enlightenment Philosophy(Age of Reason)
  • By studying human nature all laws are logical and
    self-evident.

9
Enlightenment Philosophy
  • Two Treatises On Human Government
  • (1690) John Locke

10
Two Treatises On Human Government(1690) John
Locke
  • Government can stay in power only as long as it
    protects the peoples natural rights. SOCIAL
    CONTRACT
  • This influenced Jeffersons writing greatly.

11
Thomas Paine
12
Thomas Paine
  • Wrote a pamphlet called Common Sense which was
    published in January 1776
  • It called King George a Royal Brute and all
    kings enemies of liberty.

ROYAL BRUTE
13
Thomas Paine
  • The Revolution is for liberty, not economy.
  • 500,000 copies sold to a population of 2.5
    million. One of five Americans owned a copy.

14
THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
15
THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
  • THE DRAFTERS

16
John Adams Massachusetts
17
Roger Sherman Connecticut
18
Robert Livingston New York
19
Benjamin Franklin Pennsylvania
20
Thomas Jefferson Virginia Actually wrote the
document.
21
The Preamble
  • Addressed to the entire world, because when
    people seek independence it must be explained.

22
The Right of the People to Control Their
Government
  • All people have basic rights which are life,
    liberty, and the pursuit of happiness given to us
    by God.

23
The Right of the People to Control Their
Government
  • NOTE Benjamin Franklin changed the term
    property to the term pursuit of happiness.
    WHY?
  • Not all Americans owned property and the wealthy
    Americans did not want to give away their land.
    (The wealthy were needed to support the war.)

24
The Right of the People to Control Their
Government
  • The function of government is to protect the
    peoples basic rights.
  • If the government fails to do so, it is the
    peoples duty to overthrow that government.

25
Tyrannical Acts of the British King
  • England under King George III was not protecting
    the colonies basic rights and then lists all the
    grievances against the King and England.

26
Efforts of the Colonies to Avoid Separation
  • In every stage, the colonies have petitioned the
    king for redress, but have been ignored.

27
The Colonies Are Declared Free and Independent
  • The colonies have no choice, but to declare
    independence.

28
The Colonies Are Declared Free and Independent
  • On July 4, 1776, Congress unanimously signs the
    Declaration of Independence.

29
Excluded two groups
  • AFRICAN-AMERICANS Congress needed the support of
    the slave owners to ratify the document and their
    money for the war.
  • WOMEN had no economic or political power.
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